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Taprobana: Classical Knowledge of an Island in the Opposite-Earth

By Irwanto, Dhani

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Book Id: WPLBN0100301839
Format Type: PDF (eBook)
File Size: 53.48 MB.
Reproduction Date: 3/27/2019

Title: Taprobana: Classical Knowledge of an Island in the Opposite-Earth  
Author: Irwanto, Dhani
Language: English
Subject: Non Fiction, World History and History of Asia, Southeast Asia
Collections: History, Authors Community
Publication Date:
Publisher: Indonesia Hydro Media
Member Page: Dhani Irwanto


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Irwanto, D. (2019). Taprobana: Classical Knowledge of an Island in the Opposite-Earth. Retrieved from

Taprobana is the historical name for an island of the Antichthones (“opposite-world”), in the Eastern Sea, described by some Roman classic writers. Claudius Ptolemy described Taprobana in his Geographia, written about 150 CE, a relatively large island south of continental Asia and straddling the equator. Ptolemy also supplies a mass of information, including its coasts, the names of the headlands, rivers and seaport towns, the names of many cities and tribes in the interior, with coordinates. There have been primary subject of debates over Taprobana. Each succeeding generation has read vague descriptions of the island left by their predecessors, and wrangled over what their predecessors really meant. Some scholars consider it to be a wild misinterpretation of any one of several islands, including Sumatera and Sri Lanka. In the end, it is impossible to assign a single place with all of the qualities that have been labeled with the name Taprobana over the ages. After gathering abundance evidence, the author finally proofs that Taprobana is actually the Kalimantan Island (English: Borneo), an island at the geographic center of Maritime Southeast Asia.

Table of Contents
Introduction 1 Trading with the Southeast Asian 5 Early World Mapping 8 Ptolemy’s World Map 51 Definitions of India 28 The Island of Taprobana 29 Kalimantan Hypothesis 33 - World Map Development 33 - Descriptions from Ancient Writers 39 - Classic Maps of Kalimantan 46 - Geographic Name Identifications 55 The Search for Atlantis 68 Concluding Remarks 70 References 73


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