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National Shrine Of The North American Martyrs

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National Shrine Of The North American Martyrs

Interior of the Coliseum at the National Shrine of the North American Martyrs, Auriesville, New York, showing the sanctuary and high altar.

The National Shrine of the North American Martyrs, also dedicated as the Shrine of Our Lady of Martyrs, is a Roman Catholic shrine in Auriesville, New York dedicated to the Jesuit missionaries who were martyred at the Mohawk Indian village of Ossernenon between 1642 and 1646.

History

In the 1642, a small band of Jesuit missionaries set out from Sainte-Marie among the Hurons, a settlement in Ontario, Canada, to work among the Huron tribe of upstate New York and the territories in Canada. They were captured en route by a party of Mohawks, a tribe of the Iroquois confederacy, and enemy of the Huron.[1] Rene Goupil, a surgeon and later Jesuit lay brother, and Father Isaac Jogues were brought to the Mohawk settlement of Ossernenon. Caught teaching a child the sign of the cross, Goupil was felled with a blow from a hatchet and died. He was the first of the order in the Canadian missions to suffer martyrdom.[2] Jogues remained a captive for thirteen months when Dutch traders from Fort Orange (Albany) smuggled him aboard ship to safety. Jogues made his way to New Amsterdam (New York), and then to France. [3]

Jogues returned to [3] LaLande was killed the next day, attempting to recover Jogues' body. They remain the only canonized Roman Catholic martyrs of the United States (the Russian Orthodox Church canonized two martyrs—St. Peter the Aleut and St. Juvenal of Alaska—in 1970).

The first recitation of the Rosary in what is now New York State took place at the site on September 29, 1642. Saint Kateri Tekakwitha, a Mohawk woman, was born there in 1656.[4] She later converted to Christianity and was baptized in what is now nearby Fonda, New York. While the missionaries were in Ossernenon and the adjacent Indian towns, she and other Mohawk converts were known for their exact Christian life, and in many instances for their exalted piety.[5] Saint Kateri was beatified in 1980 by Pope John Paul II, and was canonized a Saint by his successor, Pope Benedict XVI, on Sunday, October 21, 2012, along with some others.

Shrine

Auriesville is on the south bank of the Mohawk River, about forty miles west of Albany, New York. Research on the part of Catholic historian John Gilmary Shea, whose knowledge of the history of the early mission was profound, and that of Gen. J. S. Clarke of Auburn, whose knowledge of Indian sites both in New York and Huron territory equally so, led to the identification of the place where Father Jogues and his companions died. Rev. Joseph Loyzance, S.J., a parish priest of St. Joseph's, Troy, N.Y., had a lifelong interest in the lives of the early missionaries. In 1884, Father Loyzance purchased ten acres of land on the hill where the village had been located, and erected a small shrine under the title of Our Lady of Martyrs.[5] Father Loyzance subsequently led a pilgrimage of four thousand people from Albany and Troy to the shrine. Other parishes later adopted the practice of visiting Auriesville during the summer.

In 1930, a unique Coliseum was built overlooking the Mohawk Valley, thus becoming one of the first circular churches built in the United States. The Coliseum's design allows for the efficient seating of approximately 6000 worshipers for Holy Mass. Today the grounds of the Shrine cover some 600 acres (2.4 km2).[6]

See also

References

  1. ^ , July 11, 2011National Jesuit News"Jesuit North American Martyr Featured on Tonight’s EWTN Miniseries",
  2. ^ Lindsay, Lionel. "René Goupil." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 6. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1909. 24 Aug. 2014
  3. ^ a b Campbell, Thomas. "St. Isaac Jogues." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 8. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1910. 24 Aug. 2014
  4. ^ , Archdiocese of Indianapolis, May 21, 2010The CriterionManna, Louis. "A pastor’s pilgrimage: Shrines honor lives and ministries of North American Martyrs",
  5. ^ a b Campbell, Thomas. "Auriesville." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 2. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1907. 24 Aug. 2014
  6. ^ Shrine Information - National Shrine of Our Lady of Martyrs. . Accessed on: 16 May 2008.

External links

  • National Shrine of the North American Martyrs (Official Website)
  • National Shrine of the North American Martyrs: Photo Gallery by The Catholic Photographer
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