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White Sands Test Facility

White Sands Test Facility
Agency overview
Formed 1963
Jurisdiction Federal government of the United States
Headquarters Las Cruces, New Mexico
Parent agency Johnson Space Center

White Sands Test Facility (WSTF) is a U.S. government Las Cruces, New Mexico.


  • Activities and facilities 1
    • Rocket propulsion 1.1
    • Laboratories 1.2
    • Hardware processing 1.3
    • White Sands Space Harbor 1.4
    • Chemical and physical properties of materials 1.5
    • Hazards assessment 1.6
    • Oxygen systems 1.7
    • Space flight hardware 1.8
    • Launch and landing support 1.9
  • Health, safety, and environment at WSTF 2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4

Activities and facilities

Rocket propulsion

The primary mission of WSTF is to support NASA's Space Station program, and previously the Space Shuttle. As the official Johnson Space Center (JSC) Propulsion Systems Development Facility, WSTF participates in propulsion systems testing, with test expertise in hypergolic and mono-propellant handling and training. During the orbiter's life WSTF also managed and operated the Shuttle Fleet Leader program which consisted of testing orbital maneuvering and reaction control (thruster) subsystems.WSTF Propulsion

White Sands Test Facility offers numerous ambient pressure and altitude simulation stands to test rocket propulsion test systems as well as single rocket engines.

  • Altitude Testing: The WSTF Large Altitude Simulation System provides altitude conditions equivalent up to 122,000 feet (37 km).[2]
  • Ambient Testing
  • Fleet Leader Testing
  • Unique Propulsion Test Expertise


WSTF performs testing designed to better understand materials used in space flight. WSTF Laboratories

  • Oxygen Systems
  • Propellant Systems
  • Hypervelocity Impact Testing
  • Composite Overwrapped Pressure Vessels (COPV)
  • Standard Materials Testing

Hardware processing

The mission of the Hardware Processing Office is to provide the expertise to develop ground support equipment with the highest regard for safety and customer satisfaction. WSTF Hardware Processing

  • Flight and Critical Hardware and Depot Processing
  • Component Services
  • Fabrication Services
  • Measurement Standards and Calibration Laboratory
  • Photo / Video Services
  • Technical Publication Services

White Sands Space Harbor

WSTF operates the White Sands Space Harbor (WSSH), which was the primary training area for Space Shuttle pilots. WSSH

Chemical and physical properties of materials

The engineers, chemists, and scientists in WSTF laboratories conduct testing of hazardous materials and propellants, air quality, aerospace hardware and ground support equipment, and all materials used in space flight. Standard Testing for DOT, ASTM and NASA, as well as ignition and flammability testing is routinely performed.

Hazards assessment

WSTF laboratory facilities conduct hazardous fluid assessment, hypervelocity tests, and explosive hazard assessment. The High Energy Blast Facility performs explosive testing with solid, cryogenic, hypergolic propellants, and other high explosives.

Oxygen systems

Oxygen compatibility is a critical issue in space, aircraft, medical, and industrial applications. At WSTF, researchers investigate the effects of increased oxygen concentration on the ignition and burning of materials and components used in these applications. Hazards analyses are performed on materials, components, and systems; and failure analyses determine the cause of fires. Training courses about design and operation of safe oxygen systems are provided by WSTF personnel under the auspices of ASTM. WSTF NASA Oxygen Systems

Space flight hardware

The Propulsion Component Test Facility at WSTF is an International Space Station Depot Repair Facility. Flight hardware assembly, repair, and acceptance testing for private aerospace manufacturers is performed. WSTF refurbished hypergolic propellant components for the Space Shuttle, handle advanced pyrovalve testing at two laboratory facilities, and perform failure investigations. WSTF NASA Hardware Processing

Launch and landing support

White Sands Space Harbor (WSSH) was the primary training area for Space Shuttle pilots flying practice approaches and landings in the shuttle-training aircraft and T-38 aircraft. Runways, navigational aids, runway lighting, and control facilities continuously stood ready as a backup Shuttle landing site.[2]

Health, safety, and environment at WSTF

Since the late 1990s, NASA and a series of subcontractors have been working under the oversight of the New Mexico Environment Department to remediate a large plume of polluted ground water caused by repeated leaks and spills of cleaning fluids and rocket propellants at the site. Remediation has involved the construction of six wells from which the groundwater is pumped; a UV reactor which treats the contaminated water; and four injection wells to inject the cleaned water back into the water table. A second, similar system is currently in the planning stage.


  1. ^ "WSTF Community". NASA. 
  2. ^ "White Sands Space Harbor". NASA. 


"About White Sands Test Facility".


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