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Walter Brattain

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Title: Walter Brattain  
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Subject: Condensed matter physics, Electrical engineering, History of physics, John Bardeen, October 13, Physicist, Transistor, William Shockley, 1951, Semiconductor device
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Walter Brattain

Walter Houser Brattain
Walter Houser Brattain (1902-1987)
Born (1902-02-10)February 10, 1902
Amoy, China
Died October 13, 1987(1987-10-13) (aged 85)
Seattle, Washington, USA
Nationality United States
Fields Physics, Electronic engineering
Institutions Whitman College
Bell Laboratories
Alma mater Whitman College
University of Oregon
University of Minnesota
Doctoral advisor John Torrence Tate, Sr.
Known for Transistor
Notable awards Stuart Ballantine Medal (1952)
Nobel Prize in Physics (1956)

Walter Houser Brattain (February 10, 1902 – October 13, 1987) was an American physicist at Bell Labs who, along with John Bardeen and William Shockley, invented the transistor.[1] They shared the 1956 Nobel Prize in Physics for their invention. He devoted much of his life to research on surface states.

Early life and education

He was born to American parents Ross R. Brattain and Ottilie Houser in Amoy, China, where his father was a teacher, on February 10, 1902.[2]

Personal life

Brattain was a resident of Summit, New Jersey.[3] He moved to Seattle, Washington, in the 1970s where he lived until his death.


  • Walter H. Brattain – Biography

External links

  • American Institute of Physics
  • The USS Brattain at Memory Alpha:
  • National Academy of Sciences Biographical Memoir

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