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United States Presidents and control of Congress

 

United States Presidents and control of Congress

The degree to which the President of the United States's political party has control over the House of Representatives and Senate often determines his or her political strength - such as the ability to pass sponsored legislation, ratify treaties, and have Cabinet members and judges approved.

Party control of the U.S. Senate and House of Representatives (including President's party): 1855-2015[1][2][3]

Presidential impact

Many presidents' elections produced what is known as a coattail effect, in which the success of a presidential candidate also leads to electoral success for other members of his or her party. In fact, all newly elected presidents except Zachary Taylor, Richard Nixon and George H. W. Bush were accompanied by control of at least one house of Congress.

Presidents by congressional control and terms won/served

# President President's Party Senate with Senate opposed House with House opposed Years served Elections won
1 George Washington Federalist-leaning 8 0 6 2 8 2
2 John Adams Federalist 4 0 4 0 4 1
3 Thomas Jefferson Democratic-Republican 8 0 8 0 8 2
4 James Madison Democratic-Republican 8 0 8 0 8 2
5 James Monroe Democratic-Republican 8 0 8 0 8 2
6 John Quincy Adams National Republican 2 2 2 2 4 1
7 Andrew Jackson Democratic 8 0 8 0 8 2
8 Martin Van Buren Democratic 4 0 4 0 4 1
9 William Harrison Whig 0.1 0 0.1 0 0.1 1
10 John Tyler Whig/Independent 4 0 2 2 4 0
11 James Polk Democratic 4 0 2 2 4 1
12 Zachary Taylor Whig 0 1 0 1 1 1
13 Millard Fillmore Whig 0 3 0 3 3 0
14 Franklin Pierce Democratic 4 0 2 2 4 1
15 James Buchanan Democratic 4 0 2 2 4 1
16 Abraham Lincoln Republican 4 0 4 0 4 2
17 Andrew Johnson Democratic 0 4 0 4 4 0
18 Ulysses Grant Republican 8 0 6 2 8 2
19 Rutherford Hayes Republican 2 2 0 4 4 1
20 James Garfield Republican 0 0.5 0.5 0 0.5 1
21 Chester Arthur Republican 4 0 2 2 4 0
22 Grover Cleveland Democratic 0 4 4 0 4 1
23 Benjamin Harrison Republican 4 0 2 2 4 1
24 Grover Cleveland Democratic 2 2 2 2 4 1
25 William McKinley Republican 4.5 0 4.5 0 4.5 2
26 Theodore Roosevelt Republican 7.5 0 7.5 0 7.5 1
27 William Taft Republican 4 0 2 2 4 1
28 Woodrow Wilson Democratic 6 2 6 2 8 2
29 Warren Harding Republican 2 0 2 0 2 1
30 Calvin Coolidge Republican 6 0 6 0 6 1
31 Herbert Hoover Republican 4 0 2 2 4 1
32 Franklin Roosevelt Democratic 12 0 12 0 12 4
33 Harry Truman Democratic 6 2 6 2 8 1
34 Dwight Eisenhower Republican 2 6 2 6 8 2
35 John Kennedy Democratic 3 0 3 0 3 1
36 Lyndon Johnson Democratic 5 0 5 0 5 1
37 Richard Nixon Republican 0 6 0 6 6 2
38 Gerald Ford Republican 0 2 0 2 2 0
39 Jimmy Carter Democratic 4 0 4 0 4 1
40 Ronald Reagan Republican 6 2 0 8 8 2
41 George H. W. Bush Republican 0 4 0 4 4 1
42 Bill Clinton Democratic 2 6 2 6 8 2
43 George W. Bush Republican 4.5 3.5 6 2 8 2
44 Barack Obama Democratic 6 2 2 6 8 2
# President President's Party Senate with Senate opposed House with House opposed Years served Elections won

References

  1. ^ "Party In Power - Congress and Presidency - A Visual Guide To The Balance of Power In Congress, 1945-2008". Uspolitics.about.com. Retrieved September 17, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Chart of Presidents of the United States". Filibustercartoons.com. Retrieved September 17, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Composition of Congress by Party 1855–2013". Infoplease.com. Retrieved September 17, 2012. 

See also

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