World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Transit police

Article Id: WHEBN0000518131
Reproduction Date:

Title: Transit police  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Public transport, Railroad police, Public transport security, Transit district, New York City Transit Police
Collection: Law Enforcement Units, Public Transport, Transit Police Departments
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Transit police

Transit police are a specialized police agency or unit employed by a common carrier, which could be a transit district, railroad, bus line, other transport carrier, or the state. Their mandate is to prevent and investigate crimes committed against the carrier or by or against passengers or other customers of the carrier, or those committed on the carrier's property.

A transit police force may consist of officers employed directly by a transit system, such as the Amtrak Police, or it may exist as a specialized unit of a local police force, such as the Transit Police Services Bureau of the Orange County, California Sheriff's Department, which serves the Orange County Transportation Authority or South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority Police Service[1] which serves the transit system of southern British Columbia, Canada.

Where the term "transit police" is used for the police working for a railroad/railway, it usually refers to a railroad providing urban mass transit (such as a city elevated system or subway) as opposed to long-distance rail carriage. Police who work either for a private non-passenger railroad or long-haul rail carrier are usually referred to as "railroad police" or "railway police". In Britain, most of the rail system, including the London Underground, is policed by a national transport police agency, the British Transport Police. Some transit police forces have full policing powers, such as BART Police, SEPTA Transit Police, Metro Transit Police Department, Utah Transit Authority Police Department or MBTA Transit Police, while in other areas, they have limited powers and are classed as special police or special constables with limited powers.

Some of the crimes transit police and railroad police investigate include trespassing on the right-of-way of a railroad, assaults against passengers, tagging of graffiti on railroad rolling stock and buses or bus stops, pickpocketing, ticket fraud, robbery and theft of personal belongings, baggage or freight, and drug dealing at transit stations.

Contents

  • Jurisdiction and authority 1
  • List of specialised transit/transport police agencies and departments 2
    • Australia 2.1
    • Canada 2.2
      • Railway police 2.2.1
      • Transit police 2.2.2
    • China, People's Republic of 2.3
    • France 2.4
    • Germany 2.5
    • Hong Kong 2.6
    • India 2.7
    • Italy 2.8
    • Latvia 2.9
    • Netherlands 2.10
      • Railway police 2.10.1
      • Transit enforcement 2.10.2
    • Russian Federation 2.11
    • Singapore 2.12
    • Sweden 2.13
    • Taiwan 2.14
    • United Kingdom 2.15
    • United States 2.16
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Jurisdiction and authority

Federal and state statutes determine the jurisdiction and authority of all police departments, including transit police. Most transit police services have the same police authority as any other national, state and local police agencies, such as the British Transport Police, New Jersey Transit Police Department, BART Police, Maryland Transit Administration Police, DART Police, SEPTA Transit Police, Utah Transit Authority Police Department, and the South Coast British Columbia Transportation Authority Police Service have rather extensive jurisdictions, including traffic enforcement, with arrest powers on and off property. Transit and railroad police tend to have better results in finding perpetrators of crimes they investigate than public police forces, possibly due to specialization and smaller case loads.

List of specialised transit/transport police agencies and departments

Australia

New South Wales

Queensland

South Australia

  • Transit Services Branch, South Australia Police (all public transport in Adelaide).[8] Private security also maintain a presence, especially during peak hours or events.

Victoria

  • Transit Safety Division, Victoria Police members and Protective Services Officers (predominantly operate in Melbourne)[9]
  • Authorised Officers employed by Public Transport operator companies

Western Australia

Canada

Railway police

Transit police

The Metro Vancouver Transit Police is the only transit police force in Canada, as most other large Canadian cities use public security officers appointed as special constables or peace officers. Metro Vancouver's public transit system is unique in that it spans 22 separate municipalities and 16 police jurisdictions.

Canadian transit security / enforcement agencies:

China, People's Republic of

Cities in China which have rapid transit systems all have their transit police force associated to the local public security bureau. There isn't any non-governmental police force nor any police institutes under the transit authority. National Rail used to have a police force under the Ministry of Railways, but such authority is transferred to local police now.

However, the structure of institutions can be vary from city to city. For example, cities like Tianjin and Chengdu might have a joint public transportation force of division level, operates on all the taxis, bus routes, coaches, rapid transit and ferry lines as well as transportation hubs inside city limit; while Chongqing and Xi'an[10] have tighter transit cop brigades focused exclusively on protecting the mass transit lines. Again, all these agencies are supervised by the PSBs of higher level.

France

  • Police Régionale des Transports (Police Nationale) (Operates on Suburban trains, and Paris Métro)
  • Service National de Police Ferroviaire (Police Nationale-Direction Centrale de la Police aux Frontières) (Operates on main lines trains)
  • Service Interdépartemental de Sécurité dans les Transports en Commun (SISTC)(Police Nationale- Direction Centrale de la Sécurité Publique)
  • Surveillance Générale (Suge, operates on SNCF railways. This private service, which dépends to SNCF, has restricted police powers)
  • Groupe de Protection et de Sécurisation des Réseaux (GPSR, operates on RATP railways. This private service, which dépends to RATP, has restricted police powers)
  • Police des Transports de l'Agglo Orléans Val de Loire (Bus,Tramway,SNCF)

Germany

Hong Kong

India

Italy

Latvia

  • Port Police (Ostas Policija)

Netherlands

Railway police

Transit enforcement

  • In The Netherlands, all public transport companies providing public service have their own enforcement officers, these officers often have the BOA status (special investigation officer)and limited police powers (use of force,arrest and use of handcuffs) the main task of these officers is fare enforcement en securing the safety of the public and employees within the transport vehicles.
  • The city of Amsterdam, is the only municipality in the Netherlands which operates it´s own transit enforcement department, the "Veiligheidsteam openbaar vervoer" (Safety team public transport) cooperates with the Amsterdam police in maintaining public order within the public transport, stations an hubs within the city limits, prevent or stop crimes, public assistance, issuing transit information and spotting suspicious behavior. Their uniforms are similar to that of police officers (police style hat, yellow hi visibility jacket and trousers with side striping the only difference with the uniform of a police officer is that the trouser and hat color are dark grey whereas the police uses navy blue. These enforcement officers are employed by the city whereas the police officers are employed by the national police. Enforcement officers are equipped with handcuffs and a short police baton and have limited police powers like the use of force,making arrests, detaining people and issuing fines. The city of Amsterdam is currently looking into the possibility to equip the officers with a can of pepperspray, this will probably be in mid 2014.

Russian Federation

Main Directorate of the Transport of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. (Главное Управление на Транспорте Министерства Внутренних Дел.)

Singapore

Sweden

Taiwan

United Kingdom

United States

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.gvtaps.bc.ca
  2. ^ http://www.police.nsw.gov.au/community_issues/transport_safety
  3. ^ http://www.cityrail.info/travelling_with/safety_and_education/safe_and_secure
  4. ^ http://www.police.qld.gov.au/Resources/Internet/join/documents/LR_Railway_Squad160709.pdf
  5. ^ https://www.queenslandrail.com.au/forcustomers/safetysecurity/securityinitiatives
  6. ^ http://translink.com.au/about-translink/what-we-do/revenue-protection
  7. ^ http://ridetheg.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/Glink-Customer-Service-Charter-2014-06-05.pdf
  8. ^ http://www.sapolice.sa.gov.au/sapol/about_us/structure/operations_support_service/transit_services_branch.jsp
  9. ^ http://www.police.vic.gov.au/content.asp?document_id=267
  10. ^
  11. ^
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.