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Trøndelag

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Title: Trøndelag  
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Subject: Dano-Swedish War (1658–60), Regions of Norway, Norway, Sør-Trøndelag, Treaty of Copenhagen (1660)
Collection: Petty Kingdoms of Norway, Regions of Norway
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Trøndelag

Trøndelag
Region (landsdel)
Coat of arms of Trøndelag
Coat of arms
Country Norway
Capital Trondheim
Counties
(fylker, fylke)
Sør-Trøndelag
Nord-Trøndelag
Area
 • Total 41,260 km2 (15,930 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Total 418,453
 • Density 10/km2 (26/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Trønder
Website Trondelag.com

Trøndelag (Norwegian pronunciation: )[1][2] is a geographical region in the central part of Norway, consisting of the two counties Nord-Trøndelag and Sør-Trøndelag. (The districts of Nordmøre and Romsdal, and the municipality of Bindal, originally also were parts of Trøndelag - and the inhabitants there still speak dialects similar to Trøndersk.) The region is, together with Møre og Romsdal, part of a larger administrative division called Central Norway.

A person from Trøndelag is called a Trønder. The largest city, unofficial capital of Trøndelag and also the first capital of Norway, is Trondheim (Sør-Trøndelag). The dialect spoken in the area is characterized by dropping out most vowel endings; see apocope.

Contents

  • The name 1
  • History 2
  • Culture 3
  • External links 4
  • See also 5
  • References and notes 6

The name

The Norse form of the name was Þrœndalǫg. The first element is the genitive plural of þrœndr m 'person from Trøndelag', the last element is lǫg (plural of lag n) 'law; district/people with a common law' (compare Danelaw, Gulaþingslǫg and Njarðarlǫg). A parallel name for the same district was Þróndheimr 'the homeland (heim) of the þrœndr '. Þróndheimr may be older since the first element has a stem form without umlaut.

(See also Trondheim and Trondheimsfjord)

Also see Nidaros to learn more about the name.

History

People have lived in this region for thousands of years. In the early iron-age Trøndelag was divided into several petty kingdoms called fylki. The different fylki had a common law, and an early parliament or thing. It was called Frostating and was held at the Frosta-peninsula. By some this is regarded as the first real democracy.

In the time after Håkon Grjotgardsson (838-900), Trøndelag was ruled by the Jarl of Lade. Lade is located in the eastern part of Trondheim, bordering the Trondheimsfjord. The powerful Jarls of Lade continued to play a very significant political role in Norway up to 1030.

Religion in Trøndelag[3][4]
religion percent
Christianity
  
88.17%
Islam
  
0.75%
Buddhism
  
0.24%
Other
  
10.84%

Jarls of Lade (Ladejarl) were:

Nidaros Cathedral in Trondheim

Trøndelag (together with parts of Møre og Romsdal) was briefly ceded in 1658 to Sweden in the Treaty of Roskilde and was ruled by king Charles X until it was returned to Denmark-Norway after the Treaty of Copenhagen in 1660. During that time, the Swedes conscripted 2,000 men in Trøndelag, forcing young boys down to 15 years of age to join the Swedish armies fighting against Poland and Brandenburg. Charles X feared the Trønders would rise against their Swedish occupiers, and thought it wise to keep a large part of the men away. Only about one third of the men ever returned to their homes; some of them were forced to settle in the then Swedish province of Estonia, as the Swedes thought it would be easier to rule the Trønders there, utilising the ancient maxim of divide and rule.[5]

In the fall of 1718, during the Great Northern War, General Carl Gustaf Armfeldt was ordered by king Charles XII of Sweden to lead a Swedish army of 10,000 men into Trøndelag and take Trondheim. Because of his poor supply lines back to Sweden, Armfeldt's army had to live off the land, causing great suffering to the people of the region. Armfeldt's campaign failed: the defenders of Trondheim succeeded in repelling his siege. After Charles XII was killed in the siege of Fredriksten in south Norway, Armfeldt was ordered back into Sweden. During the ensuing retreat, his 6,000 surviving threadbare and starving Caroleans were caught in a fierce blizzard. Thousands of Caroleans froze to death in the Norwegian mountains, and hundreds more were crippled for life.[6]

The region was divided into two administrative counties in 1804.

Traditional Trøndelag house

Culture

The region's official theatre is Trøndelag Teater, in Trondheim.[7] At Stiklestad in Verdal a historical play, The Saint Olav Drama, has been played each year since 1954, depicting the last days of Saint Olaf .

The region is popularly known for its moonshine homebrew, the karsk. Although officially prohibited, the art of producing as pure home-made spirits as possible still has a strong following in parts of Trøndelag. Traditionally served mixed with coffee, local variations apply. In southern regions, people tend to use normal filter coffee, while in the north they choose to serve karsk with as weak coffee as possible.

The "national dish" of the region is sodd, sheep or beef meat and meatballs in boiled stock. Trøndelag is one of the most fertile regions of Norway, with large agricultural output. The majority of the production ends up in the Norwegian cooperative system for meat and milk, but farm produce is a steadily growing business.

Jazz on a very high level is frequently heard in Trondheim, due to the high-level jazz education in Trondheim. Trondheim is also the national centre of rock music, the rock museum Rockheim was established in 2010. Trøndelag is also known for its local variety of rock music, often performed in local dialect, called "trønderrock".

The Norwegian Grey Troender sheep is an endangered breed of domesticated sheep that originated from Trøndelag in the late 19th century. There are currently approximately 50 individual animals remaining and efforts are being made to revive the breed.

External links

  • Trøndelag travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Facts about Trøndelag from Mid-Norway European office
  • Insular artefacts from Viking-Age burials from mid-Norway. A review of contact between Trøndelag and Britain and Ireland

See also

References and notes

  1. ^ Berulfsen, Bjarne (1969). Norsk Uttaleordbok (in Norwegian). Oslo:  
  2. ^ Vanvik, Arne (1985). Norsk Uttaleordbok: A Norwegian pronouncing dictionary (in Norwegian and English). Oslo: Fonetisk institutt,  
  3. ^ Statistics Norway - Church of Norway.
  4. ^ Statistics Norway - Members of religious and life stance communities outside the Church of Norway, by religion/life stance. County. 2006-2010
  5. ^ Gjerset, Knut (1915). History of the Norwegian People, Volumes II. The MacMillan Company. ISBN none.  pp318-320
  6. ^ "Historien" (Norwegian). Retrieved 7 April 2009. 
  7. ^ Haugan, Trond E. Byens magiske rom: Historien om Trondheim kino (Tapir Akademisk Forlag, 2008, ISBN 978-82-519-2242-5)

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