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Texarkana, Texas

Texarkana, Texas
City of Texarkana
Texarkana Municipal Building
Texarkana Municipal Building
Nickname(s): The Texas Side, T-Town, TK, TXK, & Twin City, One Horse Town
Motto: Twice as Nice
Location of Texarkana, Texas
Location of Texarkana, Texas
Texarkana, Texas is located in USA
Texarkana, Texas
Location in USA
Country United States
State Texas
County Bowie
 • Type Council-Manager
 • City Council Mayor Bob Bruggeman
Bradfield H. Casteel
Willie Ray
Tina Veal-Gooch
Brian L. Matthews
Bill Miller
Josh Davis
 • City Manager John Whitson
 • Total 29.5 sq mi (76.3 km2)
 • Land 29.0 sq mi (75.2 km2)
 • Water 0.4 sq mi (1.1 km2)
Elevation 299 ft (91 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 36,411
 • Density 1,254/sq mi (484.1/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 75500-75599
Area code(s) 903, 430
FIPS code 48-72368[1]
GNIS feature ID 1369752[2]
Website .org.txkusawww

Texarkana is a city in Bowie County, Texas, United States, located in the Ark-La-Tex region. Together with neighboring Texarkana, Arkansas, it forms the combined city of Texarkana. The population of the Texas city was 36,411 at the 2010 census.[3] The city and its Arkansas counterpart form the core of the Texarkana Metropolitan Statistical Area, encompassing all of Bowie County, Texas, and Miller County, Arkansas. The two cities had a combined population of 66,330 at the 2010 census, and the metropolitan area had a total population of 136,027.[4]


  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
  • Demographics 3
  • Economy 4
  • Government 5
    • Local government 5.1
    • Education 5.2
      • Public school districts 5.2.1
      • Colleges and universities 5.2.2
    • Religion 5.3
    • State government 5.4
    • Federal government 5.5
  • Transportation 6
  • Notable people 7
  • In popular culture 8
  • Photo gallery 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11


Railroads were quick to see the possibilities of this vast area, and in the late 1850s the builders of the Cairo and Fulton Railroad were pushing their line steadily across Arkansas. By 1874, they had crossed the Red River and had reached the Texas state line. Between February 16 and March 19, 1874, trains ran between the Texas border and the Red River, whence passengers and freight were ferried to Fulton to continue by rail. The Red River Bridge opened on March 20, 1874, and since then trains have run directly from Texarkana to St. Louis.

There was keen rivalry between the 1870s railroad builders. The Texas and Pacific Railroad reached across Texas to the Arkansas state line. The border was the logical place for the different railways to connect. On December 8, 1873, the Texas and Pacific sold the first town lots for the future city. First to buy was J.W. Davis, who purchased the land where today's Hotel McCartney now stands, opposite Union Station.

It is not known who gave Texarkana its name. A popular story credits Colonel Gus Knobel, who surveyed the Iron Mountain Railroad right-of-way from Little Rock to this section to the state line. He allegedly painted "TEX-ARK-ANA" on a plank and nailed it to a tree, saying, "This is the name of a town which is to be built here."

Water tower in Texarkana

  • City of Texarkana, Texas portal
  • Texarkana Chamber of Commerce
  • Handbook of Texas Online: Texarkana, Texas
  • Texarkana Business Reviews
  • Texarkana Gazette
  • Texarkana Convention & Visitors Bureau

External links

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Texarkana city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 16, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Texarkana, TX-Texarkana, AR Metro Area". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved April 16, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Texarkana Chamber of Commerce". Retrieved 2015-04-07. 
  6. ^ "Our City". Retrieved 2010-12-29. 
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ a b City of Texarkana 2009 CAFR. Retrieved 2010-11-15
  11. ^ [2] Archived November 3, 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ "Texas School District Locator". Retrieved 2015-04-07. 
  13. ^ Parole Division Region I. Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved May 15, 2010.
  14. ^ "Contact Information." Texas Sixth Court of Appeals. Retrieved March 10, 2010.
  15. ^ "Post Office in Texarkana, TX - USPS Hours and Location". Retrieved 2015-04-07. 
  16. ^ FCI Texarkana Contact Information. Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved June 2, 2010
  17. ^ Ward Map. City of Texarkana, Texas. Retrieved July 2, 2010
  18. ^ "Benjamin Marcus Bogard (1868–1951)". Retrieved August 2, 2013. 
  19. ^ "Verna Elisha Howard (1911-2000)". Retrieved July 12, 2013. 
  20. ^ "2011 Miss Black U.S.A., Presented by Calgon, Crowns Winner in Washington, D.C.". Business Wire. 12 August 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2015. 
  21. ^ William H. Trent (1989). Treasured poems of America. Sparrowgrass Poetry Forum. p. 298. 


Photo gallery

In popular culture

Notable people

Interstate 30 passes through Texarkana on the north. Loop 151 on the west of the city forms part of the Texarkana Loop, a three-quarter loop around the west, south and east of the twin cities with I-30 completing the loop on the north. Interstate 369 shares the western portion of Loop 151. Interstate 49 is a newly constructed interstate corridor on the Arkansas side of the city which will connect Texarkana to Shreveport, Louisiana.

The Texarkana Urban Transit District provides bus transportation to major areas of town along nine different routes. Service runs from 5:30 am to 6:20 pm Monday - Saturday.

Texarkana Union Station is located in downtown Texarkana along the state line, with daily Amtrak service west to Los Angeles via Dallas, San Antonio, and El Paso and east to Chicago via Little Rock and St. Louis.

Texarkana Regional Airport is located in Texarkana, Arkansas, and serves general aviation and American Eagle service to Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport.

Amtrak station in Texarkana


The Federal Correctional Institution, Texarkana, is a Federal Bureau of Prisons facility in unincorporated Bowie County just outside the southwest border of the city.[16][17]

The Federal Courthouse (which also holds the downtown post office[15]) is located directly on the Arkansas-Texas state line and is the only federal office building to straddle a state line. During his campaign for the presidency in 1960. John F. Kennedy spoke on the steps of the courthouse.

At the federal level, the two U.S. senators from Texas are Republicans John Cornyn and Ted Cruz; Texarkana is part of Texas's 4th congressional district, which is currently represented by Republican John Ratcliffe.

Federal government

The Texas Sixth Court of Appeals is located downtown in the Bi-State Justice Building.[14]

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) operates the Texarkana District Parole Office in Texarkana.[13]

Though the city was historically George Lavender of Texarkana represents Texas House District 1.

State government

Texarkana is the headquarters of the theologically conservative American Baptist Association, whose Missionary Baptist churches are most numerous in Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Mississippi.


Texarkana is home to Texas A&M University–Texarkana, a four-year branch of the Texas A&M University System, and to Texarkana College, a community college.

Colleges and universities

Schools in Texarkana, Texas are under the jurisdiction of the Texarkana Independent School District, the Liberty-Eylau Independent, Pleasant Grove Independent School District, and the Red Lick Independent School District.[12]

Public school districts


Department Director
City Manager John A. Whitson
Assistant City Manager Shirley Jaster
City Secretary Jennifer Evans


Municipal Court Judge Sherry Jackson
Police Chief Daniel Shiner
Director of Human Resources Jim Powell
Director of Community Planning and Development David Orr
Finance Director Charles L. Bassett, Jr.
Chief Building Official Lynn Henry
Public Information Officer Lisa Thompson
Director of Public Works Kyle Dooley
Director of Parks Robby Robertson

The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:[10]

According to the city's most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report Fund Financial Statements, the city's various funds had $36.0 million in revenues, $37.0 million in expenditures, $18.9 million in total assets, $3.5 million in total liabilities, and $7.2 million in investments.[11]

Local government


# Employer # of Employees
1 Red River Army Depot & tenants 7,200
2 Christus St. Michael Health Care 1,883
3 Cooper Tire & Rubber Company 1,700
4 Domtar 1,300
5 Wal-Mart 1,100
6 International Paper 925
7 Wadley Regional Medical Center 850
8 Texarkana Independent School District 795
9 Texarkana Arkansas School District 785
10 Southern Refrigerated Transport 750

According to the city's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[10] the top employers in the city are:


The median income for a household in the city was $29,727, and the median income for a family was $38,505. Males had a median income of $34,155 versus $21,143 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,815. About 19.4% of families and 24.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.8% of those under age 18 and 13.2% of those age 65 or over. The most affluent area of Texarkana is Pleasant Grove, where the median income is $49,562 for each household and the median for a family is $57,219 in 2013.

In the city the age distribution of the population shows 26.0% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 89.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.4 males.

There were 13,569 households out of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 19.3% have a female householder with no husband present and 34.1% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.01.

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 34,782 people, 13,569 households, and 8,941 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,357.3 people per square mile (524.0/km²). There were 15,105 housing units at an average density of 589.4 per square mile (227.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 59.18% White, 37.05% African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.73% Asian (U.S. Census), 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.43% from other races and 1.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.91% of the population.


On the evening of May 22, 2008 a microburst producing winds up to 100 mph occurred over Stateline Avenue and surrounding communities. An analysis of radar data leading up to the damage showed that two severe thunderstorms came together on the south side of the city. One severe storm was moving northeastward from Southern Bowie County while the other was moving northwestward through Miller County. Both storms collided in an area just south of Downtown Texarkana.

Climate data for Texarkana, Texas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 85
Average high °F (°C) 52.5
Average low °F (°C) 30.7
Record low °F (°C) −7
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.91
  • The warmest month is July.
  • The highest recorded temperature was 117°F (47°C) in 1936.
  • On average, the coolest month is January.
  • The lowest recorded temperature was -6°F (-21°C) in 1989.
  • The most precipitation on average occurs in November.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the Texas city has a total area of 29.5 square miles (76.3 km2), of which 29.0 square miles (75.2 km2) is land and 0.42 square miles (1.1 km2), or 1.39%, is water.[3]

Texarkana is located at the junction of Interstate 30 and US highways 59, 67, 71, and 82 in extreme northeast Texas on the Texas-Arkansas border,[6] at (33.437170, -94.067394).[7] It is bordered by the city of Texarkana, Arkansas, to the east, and by the smaller cities of Nash and Wake Village, Texas, to the west. It is in the Central Time Zone.



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