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Taruma language

Native to Guyana
Region South of Aishalton
Native speakers
one family  (as of 2009)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 None (mis)
Linguist list
Glottolog taru1236[2]

Taruma (Taruamá) is a divergent language of northeastern Brazil. It has been reported to be extinct several times since as far back as 1770, but Eithne Carlin discovered the last speakers, and is documenting the language. It would seem that "Saluma" is the same language.

Taruma is unclassified.[1] It has been proposed to be distantly related to Katembri (Kaufman 1990), but this relationship has not been repeated in recent surveys of South American languages (Campbell & Grondona 2012).


  1. ^ a b Carlin 2011 (p. 11-2)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Taruma". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  • Eithne Carlin, "Nested Identities in the Southern Guyana--Surinam Corner", in Hornborg & Hill, eds, 2011, Ethnicity in Ancient Amazonia.

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