World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

String bag

Article Id: WHEBN0028821148
Reproduction Date:

Title: String bag  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: String, Portmanteau (luggage), Feedbag, Carpet bag, Tote bag
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

String bag

Modern string bag

A string bag is an open netted bag. In particular, such bags were popular in USSR where they were called avoska (Russian: авоська) or perhaps-bag.[1]

Avoska with items

Invention

The production of string bags dates back to 1920s to the town of Žďár nad Sázavou/Saar in former Czechoslovakia, present Czech Republic, when a salesman Vavřín Krčil, representing Jaro J. Rousek company, began to produce string bags under own trademark Saarense (EKV) at the local chateau Ždár. The production replaced former product - hair net, which was obsolete due to shorter hairstyles. String bags brought years of prosperity. Hand made shopping bags were made from artificial silk yarn by women home workers (often as their second job or child labour), who handed them directly to Vavřín Krčil. Soon they became very popular due to the low price, light weight and space saving. Krčil soon extended the variety of types of the string bags - with special design for shopping, walking, elbow bags, shoulder bags, for sports and games (bags for tennis and football balls). The string bags soon appeared in later 1920s in production of Switzerland and Italy and soon were distributed around the world. Krčil himself exported the bags to Canada, France, Switzerland, Germany, Austria and the northern African countries.[2]

In the USSR

Avoska was a major cultural phenomenon of Soviet daily life. It was manufactured of various kind of strings.[3] With the advent of synthetic materials, some of them were made of stretchable string, so that a very small net could be stretched to a very large sack.

With the popularization of plastic bags (with the same important trait of convenient foldability) avoskas gradually went into disuse, but recent political trends banning plastic bags may bring it back.[4]

Etymology

The name "avoska" derives from the Russian adverb авось, an expression of vague expectation of luck, in various contexts translated "perhaps", "hopefully", etc. The term was introduced in 1930s in the context of shortages of consumer goods in the Soviet Union, when many basic things could have been purchased in a shop only by a strike of luck, and people used to carry an avoska in the pocket all the time.[1] The origin of the term is uncertain, with several different attributions. [5] In particular, in 1970 a popular Soviet comedian Arkady Raikin explained that around 1935 he introduced a character, a simple man with a netted sack in his hands. He used to demonstrate the sack to the spectators and to say "А это авоська. Авось-ка я что-нибудь в ней принесу" ("And this is a what-iffie. What if I bring something in it..."). The text is attributed to Vladimir Polyakov. [6]

References

  1. ^ a b "Little Vera", by Frank Beardow, 2003, ISBN 1860646115, p.40
  2. ^ Díky Vavřinu Krčilovi se zrodila síťovka, additional text.
  3. ^ Avoska, Russia Today.
  4. ^ In California, a Step Toward B.Y.O.B. (Bring Your Own Bag), The New York Times, June 2, 2010.
  5. ^ "" Sobesednik no. 37 (Russian)
  6. ^ Literaturnaya gazeta, 1970. no. 14, cited from the Russkaya Rech magazine, 1976, digitized by Google
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.