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Title: Semiprofession  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Profession, Craft
Collection: Employment, Occupations
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


A semiprofession, in the United States and other relevant countries, means something someone does partially for financial support, but also as an avocation—such as a semiprofessional musician. Another use is to mean an occupation that some might regard as not a true profession.

AACTE list

One group especially tied to this emerging term, the American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education (AACTE), published a list of twelve checkpoints they believe help define this neologism.[1]

  1. Lower in occupational status
  2. Shorter training periods
  3. Lack of societal acceptance that the nature of the service and/or the level of expertise justifies the autonomy that is granted to the professions
  4. A less specialized and less highly developed body of knowledge and skills
  5. Markedly less emphasis on theoretical and conceptual bases for practice
  6. A tendency for the individual to identify with the employment institution more and with the profession less
  7. More subject to administrative and supervisory surveillance and control
  8. Less autonomy in professional decision making, with accountability to superiors rather than to the profession
  9. Management by persons who have themselves been prepared and served in that semiprofession
  10. A preponderance of women
  11. Absence of the right of privileged communication between client and professional
  12. Little or no involvement in matters of life and death


  1. ^ Howsam, RB et al (1976). "Educating a Profession."
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