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Randers

Randers
The old Town Hall on the square in Randers with a statue of Niels Ebbesen in front.
The old Town Hall on the square in Randers with a statue of Niels Ebbesen in front.
Official seal of Randers
Seal
Randers is located in Denmark
Randers
Randers Denmark
Coordinates:
Country Denmark
Region Central Denmark (Østjylland)
Municipality Randers
Government
 • Mayor Claus Omann Jensen
Area
 • Total 800.14 km2 (308.94 sq mi)
Elevation 56 m (184 ft)
Population (2014)
 • Total 61,163
 • Density 76/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zone Central Europe Time (UTC+1)
Postal code 8900, 8920, 8930, 8940, 8960
Area code(s) (+45) 8
Website .dk.randerswww

Randers (Danish pronunciation: ) is a city in Copenhagen.

Randers became a thriving market town in medieval times, and many of its 15th-century half-timbered houses remain today, as does St Martin's Church, also from that period. Trade by sea was facilitated through the Gudenå River, entering Randers Fjord. The main tourist attraction is Randers Tropical Zoo thanks to its artificial rainforest, the largest in Northern Europe, its 350 varieties of plant and over 175 species of animals. The city's football team, Randers FC, play their homes games at the AutoC Park Randers, and are in Denmark's first league, the Superligaen. The town is also home to Randers rugby union club and Jutland RLFC, a rugby league team.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Etymology 1.1
    • Early history 1.2
    • Middle Ages to present 1.3
  • Geography and climate 2
  • Economy 3
  • Notable landmarks 4
    • Churches and houses 4.1
    • Museums 4.2
  • Sport 5
  • Healthcare 6
  • Transportation 7
    • Rail 7.1
  • Notable people 8
  • Twin towns 9
  • See also 10
  • References 11
  • External links 12

History

Etymology

The oldest forms of the town's name appear on coins minted from the times of King Canute (1080–86) until those of [5]

Early history

Randers was formally established around the 12th century, but traces of activity date back to Viking times. Canute IV of Denmark (ca. 1043–1086), also known as Canute the Saint and Canute the Holy, and as patron saint of Denmark, minted coins in the town.[6] The peasants of Randers who rose up against him and his plans to attack England and its ruler, William the Conqueror, assembled in this town. Their uprising led to the death of Canute.[7]

Niels Ebbesen statue in front of the old Town Hall in Randers

A

  • Randers municipality website (Danish only)
  • Information on working and living in Randers in English
  • Randers tourism bureau
  • Randers Rainforest website
  • Randers Art Museum
  • English Online Information about Randers
  • (Sct. Morten's Church website, in Danish only)

External links

  • Bain, Carolyn; Booth, Michael; Parnell, Fran (2008). Denmark. Lonely Planet.  
  • Bain, Carolyn; Bonetto, Cristian; Andrew Stone (1 June 2012). Lonely Planet Denmark. Lonely Planet.  
  • Christiansen, Eric (1980). BAR International Series. B.A.R. 
  • Murray (1858). A Handbook for Travellers in Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Iceland. Murray. 
  • Fodor, Eugene (1964). Scandinavia. D. McKay. 
  • Pierer, Heinrich August (1858). Pierer's Universal-Lexikon der Vergangenheit und Gegenwart: oder, Neuestes encyclopädisches Wörterbuch der Wissenschaften, Künste und Gewerbe (in German). 
  • Sale, Richard (February 2007). Copenhagen and Denmark. New Holland Publishers.  
Bibliography
  1. ^ BEF44: Population 1st January, by urban areas database from Statistics Denmark
  2. ^ "Vision Østjylland: Styregruppen for Projekt Byudvikling i Østjylland" (PDF) (in Danish). 20 Aug 2008. 
  3. ^ "Byens Navn" (in Danish). Randrusium. Retrieved 17 April 2015. 
  4. ^ "Saxo Grammaticus: Gesta Danorum: Dan 14.19.5 (p. 408,10 )" (in Latin). Det Kongelige Bibliotek. Retrieved 17 April 2015. 
  5. ^ Flemming Elimar Jensen. "Bynavne, områdenavne og deres oprindelse Samt om familienavne & fornavne" (in Danish). MiddelalderInfo. Retrieved 17 April 2015. 
  6. ^ Fodor 1964, p. 163.
  7. ^ Christiansen 1980, p. 254.
  8. ^ "Niels Ebbesen" (in Danish). Danmarkshistorien.dk. Retrieved 6 August 2014. 
  9. ^ Pierer 1858, p. 705.
  10. ^ a b c Sale 2007, p. 68.
  11. ^ a b "Randers: Byhistorie" (in Danish). Dansk Center for Byhistorie. Retrieved 17 April 2015. 
  12. ^ Murray 1858, p. 87.
  13. ^ a b "Randers, Denmark". Danishnet.com. Retrieved 17 April 2015. 
  14. ^ a b c  
  15. ^ "Randers". Weatherbase.com. Retrieved 6 August 2014. 
  16. ^ a b Bain & Bonetto 2012, p. 450.
  17. ^ Bain, Booth & Parnell 2008, p. 284.

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Some information extracted from "The Popular Encyclopedia; or, Conversations Lexicon", Blackie & Son c. 1890.

Attribution

References

See also

Twin towns

Notable people

Randers is served by Aalborg.

Front facade of Randers station.

Rail

Transportation

External images
Google Street View of Regionshospitalet Randers

The city is served by Regionshospitalet Randers.

Healthcare

The town is also home to Randers rugby union club and Jutland RLFC, a rugby league team.

The city's major football team, Randers FC ("Randers Football Club (RFC)"), plays in Denmark's top division, Superligaen. Its home ground is the AutoC Park Randers.

Sport

Randers is home to the Randers Art Museum, Museum of Cultural History, Danish Design Museum and Graceland Randers.

Museums

St Martin's Church dates to the 15th Century.[10] Helligåndshuset ("House of the Holy Spirit") once part of a monastery also dates to the 15th century as does Paaskesønnernes, a three-storey red brick house.[10] Clausholm Castle, located some 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) southeast of Randers is one of Denmark's finest Baroque buildings.

Churches and houses

wetlands in Vorup Meadow (Vorup Enge), a large nearby area on the southwestern side of the Guden River. Also of note is Kejsergården and Underværket, an innovative multi-ethnic business and cultural centre.

Notable landmarks

Hotel Randers contains the Cafe Mathiesen, with black and white decor which evokes the art deco era. [16] The Niels Ebbesens Spisehus restaurant serves Danish cuisine such as herring or pepper steak (peberbøf) is situated in a red three-storey, half-timbered building dated to 1643. The Tante Olga club on Storegade contains a bar and hosts live music, often jazz. [16]

According to "The Popular Encyclopedia; or, Conversations Lexicon", Blackie & Son c 1890, it contained at that time an arsenal, a classical school with six professors, and had several industrial establishments, including manufacturers of gloves, for which it had long been famous. The town was also known for salmon, rope, and pretty women. The harbour near the town had only 7 12 feet (2.3 m) of water, but there was a good shipyard; and at some distance below, at the mouth of the fjord, there was another harbour with 9 to 10 feet (3.0 m) water, and roads with good anchorage in 4 to 5 fathoms (24 to 30 ft; 7 to 9 m). Randers was important militarily, and could encamp from 10,000 to 15,000 men in the town and its neighbourhood, in a position which could not easily be overrun.

Randers harbour

A vast agricultural area, and good transportation by land and by water, helped make Randers a dynamic center for trade and commerce. This location has had great significance for trade by sea. Barges on the Guden River and the Northern River (Nørreå) transported goods into Randers from Silkeborg and Viborg for export. In return, items were imported.

Economy

Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year round. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb" (Marine West Coast Climate/Oceanic climate).[15]

Suburbs of Randers include Helsted, Kristrup, Neder Hornbæk, Over Hornbæk, Paderup, Romalt, and Vorup. The wider municipality covers an area of 748.21 square kilometres (288.89 sq mi). Settlements include Albæk, Asferg, Assentoft, Dalbyover, Fårup, Gassum, Gimming, Gjerlev, Hald, Harridslev, Haslund, Havndal, Helstrup, Hørning, Langå, Lem, Linde, Mejlby, Mellerup, Råsted, Spentrup, Stevnstrup, Sønderbæk, Tvede, Tånum, Udbyhøj Vasehuse, Uggelhuse, Værum, Ålum, Øster Bjerregrav, and Øster Tørslev.[14]

Randers, Denmark's only natural river harbour, is on the banks of the Guden River (Vorup.[14]

The Guden River at Randers
Map of Randers (1900)

Geography and climate

During its peak there were almost 170 merchants' estates in the area, and a sizeable navy that sailed around the world. Some of these old half-timbered estates and manor homes can still be seen in the town. Randers is known as Crown Jutland (Kronjylland) and its inhabitants as Crown Jutlanders (Kronjyde), probably due to its large estates owned by the monarchy. It was Denmark's poets who first started to use the term Kronjyde in the mid-18th century.[13] N. F. S. Grundtvig (1783–1872) and Hans Christian Andersen (1805–1875), and especially Nobel Prize laureate Henrik Pontoppidan (1857–1943), used the term. The population in 1880 was 13,457.

In 1534 a farmers' uprising tried to storm the town unsuccessfully; it was part of wider regional peasant unrest affecting the Jutland region the same year, leading to the death of some 2000 by the sword in Aalborg alone.[12] Massive moats were set up around the town under the rule of King Christian III (1536–1559). The town was already known for its glove-making in the Middle Ages but at the beginning of the 18th century the industry really prospered. During the second half of the 17th century, the town suffered not only from the Swedish wars but experienced the plague and extensive fires. From the mid-17th century, the economy began to thrive once more, the harbour was extended bringing an increase in shipping. By the end of the 18th century, it had become Jutland's largest town with 4,500 inhabitants.[11]

The town was fortified through much of the Middle Ages. Today, however, the only sign of defensive walls is their existence in street names. These streets follow a circular path, presumably following the location of the historic walls. Street names include Østervold ("Eastern Defense Wall"), Nørreport ("Northern Gate"), Vestervold ("Western Defense Wall"), and Lille Voldgade ("Little Defense Wall Street").

Randers was granted privileges as a market town in 1302, creating a significant amount of trade. It prospered in the 15th and 16th centuries trading both nationally and overseas thanks to its harbour and cargo shipping maintained by competent craftsmen. Salmon fishing also contributed to the local economy.[11]

A typical half-timbered house in Randers

Middle Ages to present

When King Valdemar IV of Denmark (Valdemar Atterdag) tried to assemble a government in 1350 after the mortgaging to the Holsteiners, the town was further reinforced with protection, and was often named as Randershus ("Randers Fortress"). This fortification was captured by dissatisfied nobility in 1357. In 1359 Valdemar attacked the captured city with the strength of all of his forces.[9] During medieval times the city prospered as a market town.[10]

A statue to Ebbesen stands in front of Randers' Town Hall today. [8]

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