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Quanah, Texas

Quanah, Texas
Hardeman County Courthouse in 2006
Hardeman County Courthouse in 2006
Nickname(s): Q-Town
Location of Quanah, Texas
Location of Quanah, Texas
Country United States
State Texas
County Hardeman
 • Mayor Dale Eaton
 • Total 3.5 sq mi (9.0 km2)
 • Land 3.5 sq mi (9.0 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 1,572 ft (479 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 3,022
 • Density 866.8/sq mi (334.7/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 79252
Area code(s) 940
FIPS code 48-60044[1]
GNIS feature ID 1365885[2]

Quanah is a city in and the county seat of Hardeman County, Texas, United States.[3] As of the 2000 census, the city population was 3,022.

Quanah is 192 miles (309 km) northwest of Fort Worth, and 8 miles (13 km) south of the Red River, which forms the Oklahoma-Texas state line. South of the city is Copper Breaks State Park.


Quanah was organized in 1884 as a stop on the Fort Worth and Denver Railway. The city is named for Quanah Parker, the last Comanche chief.

The county seat of Hardeman County was moved from Margaret to Quanah in 1890 after an acrimonious battle that contributed to the splitting off of the southern section of Hardeman County as Foard County.[4] The courthouse, constructed in 1908, anchors what is now the historic downtown district. The courthouse in Quanah, named after the last Commache chief, is engraved (CHILDRESS COUNTY COURTHOUSE). The courthouse was financed by a bond election approved by voters in 1906. The project architect was R.H. Stuckey of Chillicothe, Texas. It has both domed cupola and Ionic columns.[5] [6]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.5 square miles (9.1 km2), all of it land.[7]


Climate data for Quanah, Texas
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 54
Average low °F (°C) 28
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.7
Source: Weatherbase [8]


Quanah's commercial district is listed on the National Register of Historic Places
Quanah Parker Monument at Hardeman County Courthouse
Map of Quanah from 1890

As of the census [1] of 2000, there were 3,022 people, 1,255 households, and 823 families residing in the city. Now in 2010 the United States Census as said there are 2,642 people a drop in population of 390 people. of The population density was 866.8 people per square mile (334.3/km²). There were 1,485 housing units at an average density of 425.9 per square mile (164.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.05% White, 4.96% African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 8.24% from other races, and 1.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 16.48% of the population.

There were 1,255 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 22.0% from 25 to 44, 22.9% from 45 to 64, and 22.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,354, and the median income for a family was $29,506. Males had a median income of $26,472 versus $18,403 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,841. About 16.6% of families and 20.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.8% of those under age 18 and 16.4% of those age 65 or over.


Republican Drew Springer, Jr., a businessman from Muenster in Cooke County, has represented Quanah in the Texas House of Representatives since January 2013.[11]


The city is served by the Quanah Independent School District and is home to the Quanah High School Indians.


Health care

Quanah is home to a branch of the Helen J. Farabee Mental Health Centers.

Notable people

  • Judy Buenoano, serial killer executed in Florida's electric chair.[12]
  • Bill Evans, awarded a Bronze Star and Silver Star for valor in World War II; professional baseball player in late 1940s and 1950s.[13]
  • John Gilliland, radio broadcaster.[14]
  • Edward Givens, astronaut.[15]
  • Fred C. Koch, chemical engineer and founder of Koch Industries.[16]
  • Bill McDonald, notable Texas Ranger.[17]
  • Larry Swindell, Author, Texas Literary Hall of Fame.[18]
  • Bruce Cook, band director for the Clemson University Marching Band. Later, he was founding director of the Brooks Center for the performing arts.[19]


  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Bill Neal, The Last Frontier: A History of Hardeman County. Austin: Eakin Press, 1996, p. 50
  5. ^ Historical marker, Hardeman County Courthouse, Quanah, Texas
  6. ^ F
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  8. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Quanah, Texas". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  11. ^ "State Rep. Springer announces district tour July 30".  
  12. ^ "Judias V. Buenoano". Office of the Clark County Prosecuting Attorney. Retrieved Nov 2013. 
  13. ^ "Bill Evans". Baseball in Wartime. January 6, 2008. 
  14. ^ "About John Gilliland". University of north Texas Digital Library. Retrieved Nov 2013. 
  15. ^ "Biographical Data". NASA. June 1967. 
  16. ^ "Fred C. Koch". Fred and Mary Koch Foundation. Retrieved Nov 2013. 
  17. ^ "Quanah, Texas". Texas Escapes. May 7, 2010. 
  18. ^ "Texas Literary Hall of Fame". Fort Worth Library. Retrieved 2014-10-18. 
  19. ^ Retrieved 2014-10-18. 

External links

  • City of Quanah
  • Chamber of Commerce
  • Quanah Independent School District
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