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Qian Xuan

Qián Xuǎn
Dwelling in the Floating Jade Mountains (浮玉山居)
Born 1235
Died 1305
Occupation Painter
Yang Guifei Mounting a Horse, by Qian Xuan (1235-1305 AD).
Wang Xizhi, by Qian Xuan (1235-1305 AD).

Qian Xuan (simplified Chinese: 钱选; traditional Chinese: 錢選; pinyin: Qián Xuǎn; Wade–Giles: Ch'ien Hsüan; 1235-1305) courtesy name Shun Ju (舜举), pseudonyms Yu Tan (玉潭, "Jade Pool"), Xi Lan Weng (习嬾翁), and Zha Chuan Weng (霅川翁) was a Chinese painter from Hu Zhou (湖州) (present day Wuxing District in Zhejiang)[1] during the late Song and early Yuan era.

Contents

  • Biography 1
  • Notes 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Biography

He started as an aspiring scholar-official during the Southern Song. He had difficulty climbing the ranks of officialdom and when the Mongol-founded Yuan Dynasty took over the southern regions of China in 1276 he effectively gave up on the idea. Although in 1286 his friend Zhao Mengfu accepted a position and so for a time it seemed he could as well, he refused on patriotic grounds, citing old age in order to avoid difficulties. He nevertheless was considered a Song loyalist.

Qian Xuan's life after 1276 was devoted to painting, and he became noted as a "fur and feathers" painter. He was also adept at bird-and-flower painting, character painting, and landscape painting (shan shui).[1] He is known for landscapes that hinted at a longing for a return of native Chinese rule, such as in the work Home Again. He mixed Song realism with an archaic Tang style.

Notes

  1. ^ a b Ci hai Page 1704

References

  • Masterpieces of Chinese Art (page 87), by Rhonda and Jeffrey Cooper, Todtri Productions, 1997. ISBN 1-57717-060-1
  • Ci hai bian ji wei yuan hui (辞海编辑委员会). Ci hai (辞海). Shanghai: Shanghai ci shu chu ban she (上海辞书出版社), 1979.

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

  • Qian Xuan and his Painting Gallery at China Online Museum
  • Museum of Fine Arts in Boston with three of his paintings
  • Sung and Yuan paintings, an exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art Libraries (fully available online as PDF), which contains material on Qian Xuan (see list of paintings)
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