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Qasigiannguit

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Title: Qasigiannguit  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Kitaa, Disko Bay, Royal Arctic Line, Aappilattoq, Qaasuitsup, Kangaamiut
Collection: Disko Bay, Populated Places Established in 1734, Populated Places in Greenland, Populated Places of Arctic Greenland
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Qasigiannguit

Qasigiannguit
Christianshåb
Aerial view of Qasigiannguit
Aerial view of Qasigiannguit
Qasigiannguit is located in Greenland
Qasigiannguit
Qasigiannguit
Location within Greenland
Coordinates:
State  Kingdom of Denmark
Constituent country  Greenland
Municipality Qaasuitsup
Founded 1734
Population (2013)
 • Total 1,171[1]
Time zone UTC-03
Postal code 3951

Qasigiannguit,[2] formerly Christianshåb,[3] is a town located in western Greenland on the southeastern shore of Disko Bay in the Qaasuitsup municipality. With 1,171 inhabitants in 2013,[4] it is the thirteenth-largest town in Greenland. The main industry is shrimp and halibut fishing.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Transport 2
    • Air 2.1
    • Sea 2.2
  • Population 3
  • References 4

History

The settlement was founded as a trading post for Jacob Severin's company in 1734[5] and named Christianshaab in honor of King Christian VI of Denmark.[6] The name was sometimes anglicized as Christian's Hope.[7]

Paul Egede's former residence is Greenland's oldest surviving wooden building. It was completed on 25 July 1734[8] and moved to its present site in 1806 owing to the heavy wind at its original location across the bay. In 1997, a museum was officially opened in the Egede house. In the summer of 1999, an archaeological discovery provided the museum with a collection of finds from different prehistoric cultures.[9]

Transport

Air

During the winter, Air Greenland operates air services from the town heliport to Ilulissat, Qeqertarsuaq on Disko Island and Aasiaat.[10]

Sea

During summer and autumn, when the waters of Disko Bay are navigable, communication between settlements is by sea only, serviced by Diskoline.[11] The ferry links Qasigiannguit with Ilulissat, Aasiaat, Ikamiut, Akunnaaq, and Qeqertarsuaq.

Population

With 1,171 inhabitants as of 2013, Qasigiannguit is the fourth-largest town in the Qaasuitsup municipality.[4] The town is steadily depopulating, with the population having decreased by more than 27% relative to the 1990 levels and by nearly 17% relative to the 2000 levels.[12]

Qasigiannguit population dynamics
Qasigiannguit population growth dynamics, 1991-2010. (Source: Statistics Greenland)[12]

References

  1. ^
  2. ^ The pre-1973 spelling was Kasigianguit. It is also sometimes written as Qasigianguit.
  3. ^ The pre-1948 spelling was Christianshaab.
  4. ^ a b
  5. ^ Marquardt, Ole. "Change and Continuity in Denmark's Greenland Policy" in The Oldenburg Monarchy: An Underestimated Empire?. Verlag Ludwig (Kiel), 2006.
  6. ^ Del, Anden. "Grønland som del af den bibelske fortælling – en 1700-tals studie" ["Greenland as Part of the Biblical Narrative – a Study of the 18th-Century"].
  7. ^ i.a., Lieber, Francis & al. Encyclopædia Americana: A Popular Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature, History, Politics and Biography. "Greenland". B.B. Mussey & Co., 1854.
  8. ^
  9. ^ Museum.
  10. ^
  11. ^ Diskoline timetable
  12. ^ a b c Statistics Greenland, Population in localities
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