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Prunus subg. Padus

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Title: Prunus subg. Padus  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Prunus, Prunus maackii, Prunus grayana, Cherry, Plum
Collection: Bird Cherry, Cherries, Plant Subgenera, Prunus
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Prunus subg. Padus

Bird cherries
Prunus virginiana
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: Padus
(Mill.) Turcz.
Species

See text.

Prunus subg. Padus (bird cherries) is a subgenus of Prunus, characterised by having deciduous leaves, flowers 12-30 together on slender racemes produced in late spring well after leaf emergence, and small, sour fruit usually only palatable to birds, hence the name. They are native throughout the temperate Northern Hemisphere.

Bird cherries are sometimes used as a food plant by Lepidoptera species including brimstone moth.

Some bird cherries, such as chokecherries, are used to make jelly and wine in North America.

Some botanists treat the subgenus as a distinct genus Padus.

Species

Culture

In Finland and Sweden, the blooming of bird cherry (Prunus padus, Finnish tuomi) signifies the start of the summer for many people. In southern Finland, this normally takes place during the two last weeks of May or very early June.

References

North Dakota State University agriculture information page about Prunus virginiana [1]

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