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Orange Book (CD standard)

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Orange Book (CD standard)

For the series of U.S. government publications on computer security standards, see Rainbow Series. For "Reading Rainbow" children's television series, see Reading Rainbow.

The Rainbow Books are a collection of Compact Disc format specifications.

Red Book (1982)

  • CD-DA (Digital Audio) – standardized as IEC 60908

Green Book (1986)

  • CD-i (Interactive)

Yellow Book (1988)

  • CD-ROM (Read-Only Memory) – standardized as ECMA-130 and ISO/IEC 10149
    • CD-ROM XA (eXtended Architecture) – a 1991 extension of CD-ROM

Orange Book (1990)

Orange is a reference to the fact that red and yellow mix to orange. This correlates with the fact that CD-R and CD-RW are capable of audio ("Red") and data ("Yellow"); although other colors (other CD standards) that do not mix are capable of being burned onto the physical medium. Orange Book also introduced the standard for multisession writing.

  • CD-MO (Magneto-Optical)
  • CD-R (Recordable) alias CD-WO (Write Once) alias CD-WORM (Write Once, Read Many) – partially standardized as ECMA-394
  • CD-RW (ReWritable) alias CD-E (Eraseable) – partially standardized as ECMA-395

White Book (1993)

  • CD-i Bridge - a bridge format between CD-ROM XA and the Green Book CD-i, which is the base format for Video CDs, Super Video CDs and Photo CDs.
  • VCD (Video)
    • SVCD (Super Video, 1998) – a 1998 extension of VCD, standardized as IEC 62107 in 2000.

Blue Book (1995)

Beige Book (1992)

Scarlet Book (1999)

  • SACD (Super Audio)

Purple Book (2000)

  • DDCD (Double Density)

Others

Non-standard optical disc (OD) formats are sometimes unofficially referred to as Black Book formats.

See also

  • ISO 9660, a 1986 filesystem standard used in conjunction with CD-ROM formats.
  • Orange-Book-Standard, a decision, named after the Compact Disc standard, issued in 2009 by the German Federal Court of Justice on the interaction between patent law and standards

External links

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