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Title: Niederbayern  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Bavarian language, Passau (district), Deggendorf (district), Dingolfing-Landau, Freyung-Grafenau, Rottal-Inn, Economy of the European Union, Reisbach (Vils), Sünching, Josef Ludwig von Armansperg
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Lower Bavaria

Map of Bavaria highlighting the Regierungsbezirk of Lower Bavaria
Country Germany
State Bavaria
Region seat Landshut
 • Total 10,329.87 km2 (3,988.39 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2012)[1]
 • Total 1,181,472
 • Density 110/km2 (300/sq mi)

Lower Bavaria (German: Niederbayern) is one of the seven administrative regions of Bavaria, Germany, located in the east of the state.


Lower Bavaria is subdivided into two regions (Planungsverband) - Landshut and Donau-Wald. Recent election results mark it as the most conservative part of Germany, generally giving huge margins to the CSU. This part of Bavaria includes the Bavarian Forest, a well-known tourist destination in Germany, and the Lower Bavarian Upland.

Kreisfreie Städte
(district-free towns)
  1. Deggendorf
  2. Dingolfing-Landau
  3. Freyung-Grafenau
  4. Kelheim
  5. Landshut
  6. Passau
  7. Regen
  8. Rottal-Inn
  9. Straubing-Bogen
  1. Landshut
  2. Passau
  3. Straubing


Historical population
1900 678,192
1910 724,331
1939 755,980
1950 1,041,333
1961 927,724
1970 977,166
1987 1,027,374
2002 1,191,476
2005 1,196,923
2006 1,193,820
2008 1,193,444
2010 1,189,701


The duchy of Lower Bavaria was created for the first time with the First Bavarian partition in 1255 under duke Henry but there was no exact identity with the current territory. After the reunification in 1340 Bavaria was divided again in 1349, in 1353 Bavaria-Straubing and Bavaria-Landshut were created in Lower Bavaria. In 1505 Bavaria was irrevocable reunited. In 1806 the Kingdom of Bavaria was divided in 15 partitions. The precursor district of today's Lower Bavaria was the Unterdonaukreis (Lower Danube District) which was expanded in 1810 and 1817. The region seat was placed in Passau during this time. In 1837 king Ludwig I of Bavaria renamed it to Lower Bavaria and transferred the district seat to Landshut which was added to the district. In 1971 Lower Bavaria was reshaped when the districts covered were reshaped, too.


External links

  • Official website of government (German)
  • Official website of region (German) (French)

Coordinates: 48°31′N 12°09′E / 48.517°N 12.150°E / 48.517; 12.150

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