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Nicaraguan general election, 2006


Nicaraguan general election, 2006

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of

Nicaragua held a general election on November 5, 2006. The country's voters went to the polls to elect a new President of the Republic and 90 members of the National Assembly, all of whom will serve five-year terms. Daniel Ortega (FSLN) won the race with 37.99% of the vote, Eduardo Montealegre (ALN) trailing with 28.30%, José Rizo (PLC) with 27.1%, Edmundo Jarquín (MRS) with 6.29%, and Edén Pastora (AC) with just 0.29%.[1]


  • Background 1
    • Electoral reforms in 2000 1.1
  • Candidates 2
    • Alternative for Change 2.1
    • Constitutionalist Liberal Party 2.2
    • Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance 2.3
    • Sandinista National Liberation Front 2.4
    • Sandinista Renovation Movement 2.5
  • Contending parties and electoral alliances 3
    • Alternative for Change 3.1
    • Constitutionalist Liberal Party 3.2
    • Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance 3.3
    • Sandinista National Liberation Front 3.4
    • Sandinista Renovation Movement 3.5
  • Campaign 4
    • Primaries 4.1
      • Sandinistas 4.1.1
      • Liberals 4.1.2
    • Pre-campaign 4.2
    • Issues 4.3
      • Abortion becomes a Campaign Issue 4.3.1
      • Electoral programmes 4.3.2
    • The U.S. and the Nicaraguan elections 4.4
    • Finances 4.5
    • Forum 4.6
  • Pre-election poll results 5
    • Presidential election 5.1
    • Parliamentary election 5.2
  • Election results 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9


Right-wing political parties have dominated Nicaraguan politics since independence in 1838. From the times of the antagonical Democratic and Legitimist parties, the Liberals and Conservatives have succeeded each other in the government with the exception of the Sandinista rule from 1979 to 1990.

This two-party system, with two dominant political parties, has survived until our days with the difference that the two rival forces today are the FSLN and the self-appointed Democratic Forces (anti-Sandinistas).[2]

In the last 16 years, the National Opposition Union (UNO) in 1990, the Liberal Alliance (AL) in 1996 and the Constitutionalist Liberal Party (PLC) in 2001 have all defeated the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) candidate Daniel Ortega in three consecutive presidential elections.

The current electoral scene could be the end of the bipartite scheme as the anti-Sandinista forces split into two major political alliances: the Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance (ALN) and the Constitutionalist Liberal Party (PLC). The Sandinista forces are also running divided, as the dissident Sandinista Renovation Movement (MRS) is pulling a significant amount of the moderated Sandinista and independent votes.[3]

Electoral reforms in 2000

The electoral reforms introduced in January 2000, as a result of the pact between the PLC and the FSLN, established new rules for the contending parties in the elections.

The required percentages to win the Presidential Election was reduced from 45 to 40 percent. The electoral law states that a participating candidate must obtain a relative majority of at least 40 percent of the vote to win a presidential election. However, a candidate may win by obtaining at least 35 percent of the vote, with at least a five percent margin over the second-place finisher. The law also established a second-round runoff election if none of the candidates won in the first round.

In addition, a party could also lose its legal status if it obtains less than 4 percent of the votes in the general elections.[4]


Alternative for Change

President: Edén Pastora

Edén Pastora, the former Sandinista Deputy Defense Minister (1979–1981), was the presidential candidate for the Nicaraguan Democratic Action Party (PAD) in 1996. The Supreme Electoral Council (CSE) barred him from running for the presidency on the grounds that he had Costa Rican nationality.[5] In the 2004 municipal elections, Pastora was running for mayor of Managua on the Independent Liberal Party's ticket. Pastora got less than 5% of the votes.[6][7]

Vice-President: Mercedes Tenorio

Mercedes Tenorio, a Nicaraguan nurse, is Pastora's running mate. Tenorio was an active member of the Sandinista Health Workers' Federation (FETSALUD).[8]

Constitutionalist Liberal Party

PLC logo

President: José Rizo

José Rizo, co-founder of the PLC, and his running mate José Antonio Alvarado, who were also citizens of Chile and the United States, respectively, were prohibited from participating in the 1996 elections by the Supreme Electoral Council (CSE).[9] In 1997, under the government of Arnoldo Alemán, Rizo was appointed president of the Nicaraguan Institute for Municipal Development (INIFOM). After the reforms to the Electoral Law in year 2000, part of the pact between the PLC and the FSLN, Rizo was able to contest the 2001 elections where he was elected vice-president, running on the PLC ticket.[10][11]

Vice-President: José Antonio Alvarado

José Antonio Alvarado, one of the founders of the PLC, and later expelled from it for his dissidence to Alemán, held various ministerial portfolios during both the Alemán and Bolaños administration.[12] Like his running mate, the CSE excluded him from participating in the 2001 elections as the vice-presidential candidate of the Conservative Party.[13] In late August 2005, Eduardo Montealegre, the ALN's presidential candidate, invited Alvarado to join him as his vice-president.[14] Alvarado was elected the presidential candidate of the Alliance for the Republic (APRE) in the primaries held in May 2006 with about 82% of the votes.[15] Shortly after APRE joined the ALN alliance and Alvarado went back to the PLC.

Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance

President: Eduardo Montealegre

Eduardo Montealegre, a former banker and economist, is the youngest and wealthiest of the five candidates. Like Alvarado, he held various ministerial portfolios during both the Alemán and Bolaños administration, including Foreign Minister with Alemán and Treasury Minister under Bolaños government. After his expulsion from the PLC he founded the ALN together with other dissidents. Montealgre's adversaries have criticized him for his involvement in the CENI bond operation – now a substantial part of the domestic debt – after several banks got into financial problems due to fraudulent practices over the course of 1999-2001.[16][17]

Vice-President: Fabricio Cajina

Fabricio Cajina, an agricultural producer, was the Conservative mayor of San José de los Remates (2000–2004) in the department of Boaco.[18]

Sandinista National Liberation Front

President: Daniel Ortega Daniel Ortega, coordinator of the Junta of National Reconstruction (1979–1985), ascended to the presidency after the 1984 elections. Ortega, general secretary of the Sandinista National Liberation Front, was President of Nicaragua from 1985 to 1990 and presidential candidate of the FSLN in 1990, 1996, 2001 and 2006.[19] Prominent Sandinista leaders have left the party or have been expelled for dissenting to Ortega's power.[20] Despite all, Ortega is pulling in first place in the polls.

Vice-President: Jaime Morales Carazo

Jaime Morales Carazo, the civilian chief of the Contras in the 1980s and Alemán's right-hand man for many years, was one of the founders of the PLC and liberal legislator in the National Assembly until 2006. Morales Carazo began to distance himself politically from Alemán and the PLC once Bolaños came to office and launched his “war on corruption.”[21]

Sandinista Renovation Movement

President: Edmundo Jarquín

Edmundo Jarquín was the MRS vice-presidential candidate. He took Herty Lewites place when he died of a heart attack on 3 July 2006.[22] Jarquín founded in 1974, together with Pedro Joaquín Chamorro, editor of newspaper La Prensa, the Democratic Liberation Union (UDEL) in the struggle against the Somoza regime. Jarquín was head of the Ministry of Foreign Cooperation between 1981–84 and ambassador to Mexico (1984–88) and to Spain (1988–1990). In the 1990 elections he gained a seat in the National Assembly. Jarquín worked as an Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) official from 1992 to 2005 when he resigned and joined the MRS electoral alliance.[23]

Vice-President: Carlos Mejía Godoy

Carlos Mejía Godoy is an internationally known and popular Nicaraguan singer-songwriter who stepped in as the vice-presidential candidate after Lewites died. Mejía Godoy is the father of Camilo Mejía, one of the most famous conscientious objectors to the US war in Iraq.[24]

Contending parties and electoral alliances

Alternative for Change

The Alternative for Change (Spanish: Alternativa por el Cambio - AC) was part of the MRS Alliance for a few months, but decided to go alone to the elections with presidential candidate Edén Pastora. Alternative for Change was founded by dissidents from the Nicaraguan Party of the Christian Path (CCN) and a few stray Sandinistas, which first went under the name Christian Alternative led by former Sandinista legislator Orlando Tardencilla.

Constitutionalist Liberal Party

The Constitutionalist Liberal Party (Spanish: Partido Liberal Constitucionalista - PLC) is in alliance with the Worker's Permanent Congress (CPT), a civil organisation formed around several smaller parties, labor unions and political movements.

Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance

The Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance (Spanish: Alianza Liberal Nicaragüense - ALN) is formed by dissidents of the Constitutionalist Liberal Party and the Conservative Party (PC), Alliance for the Republic (APRE), Independent Liberal Party (PLI), Nicaraguan Resistance Party (PRN) and the Nicaraguan Party of the Christian Path (CCN).

Sandinista National Liberation Front

After the break-up of the Liberal and Conservative Party and a fraction of members from the Nicaraguan Resistance Party, including members of the PLN, Somoza's Liberal Party.

Sandinista Renovation Movement

The Autonomous Women’s Movement.




The Sandinista Assembly -FSLN's highest decision-making body- was held on 26 February in Managua. Lewites had announced that he planned a march to the site of the event with his followers in support of his candidacy. Some 200 meters from the gates of the “Olofito” convention center where the Sandinista Assembly was meeting, they were stopped by a larger pro-Ortega demonstration. For several minutes both bands literally went at each other with fists, stones and even clubs. The police had to intervene, placing themselves between the rival bands. In the Assembly, the official leadership responded by expelling Lewites and his campaign chief Víctor Hugo Tinoco from the party.[25][26]

A few days later, on 6 March, an extraordinary FSLN congress was held in Matagalpa. The outcome of this congress was the annulment of primary elections and the proclaim of Daniel Ortega as the presidential candidate, successfully blocking Herty Lewites presidential aspirations. The Sandinista grass roots would no longer be consulted on their choice for presidential candidate through primary elections. As Ortega himself pointed out; "The truth is that primary elections cause a lot of problems due to the enormous erosion and friction they cause among Sandinistas."[27]

Pro-Ortega legislators are running for reelection together with cadres from the party structures and a few political figures from what is left of the FSLN's Convergence alliance, such as Social Christian Agustín Jarquín, Conservative Miriam Argüello and Liberal Julia Mena, all former opponents of Ortega.

Lewites went on to form the Movement for the Rescue of the Sandinismo who joined the MRS Alliance with Herty Lewites as the presidential candidate for the Nicaraguan general election, 2006. The MRS chose their legislative candidates based on surveys and bilateral contacts with their allies in the MRS Alliance.[2]


In the light of PLC’s victory in the Atlantic coast elections of March 2006, the PLC announced it would not hold primary elections to select its presidential candidate, arguing lack of finances. Instead the 750 party delegates from all over the country would do the selecting at the PLC National Convention on 2 April. On 22 March, Alemán suddenly announces a form of primary election with 32 simultaneous conventions in the country’s 16 departments on 31 March, and the winner would be ratified two days later during the National Convention.

PLC leaders also invited all dissident Liberals outside the PLC to participate in these primaries, voting for the candidate they consider best able to defeat the FSLN, then rejoining the fold come what may. José Rizo won the PLC primary elections.[28][29]

The ALN held also primary elections, but gave preference to unelected candidates, among them some of their allies in APRE, PC and the PRN. Montealegre attempted also -up to the last minute- to bring some pro-Alemán leaders over to his side. He was only successful with Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Barrios, son of Violeta Barrios de Chamorro and former PLC candidate for Mayor of Managua.[2]


The Atlantic coast elections of March 2006 were an opportunity for the parties and candidates competing in the general election to show their strength. The results gave the PLC a significant victory with 40 seats out of 90 in the Regional Councils. The FSLN and its ally YATAMA got 45 seats between them both and the ALN got the remaining five. The MRS Alliance didn't pull enough votes to win a seat in the Regional Council.


One of the most important issues of the 2006 elections is the economy. The high external debt and internal debt have inhibited growth. Around 75% of the population lives on less than US$2 a day, unemployment and underemployment are close to 50%, and income inequality is very pronounced. However, there have been some recent improvements. Real economic growth declined from 7.4% in 1999 to 1% in 2002, then turned around to grow back to 2.3% in 2003, and about 4% in 2004.[30]

Another important issue is the pact established by the PLC and the FSLN in 2000 in order to maintain control over key institutions such as the Supreme Court (CSJ) and the Supreme Electoral Council (CSE), causing a profound institutional crisis in the Nicaraguan society. Both the two major anti-pact forces (ALN and MRS), and more recently, the PLC candidate, Rizo, made public their intentions to dismantle the pact.[31] Truth is that a "qualified majority" of 2/3 in the National Assembly is needed to revert the 2000 reforms and this is not likely to happen according to the latest polls.[32]

Abortion becomes a Campaign Issue

In late August, the Sandinista Renovation Movement (MRS) candidate Edmundo Jarquín stated that he supported therapeutic abortion when the life of the mother is at risk. Abortion under these circumstances had been legal in Nicaragua since 1891. Abortion other than therapeutic is punishable by imprisonment from one to three years.

The religious sector condemned Jarquín's statement, prompting the other four of the five presidential candidates to declare themselves against abortion. The FSLN, which has an important relationship with former Managua Archbishop Miguel Obando, stated in general that they opposed abortion and were "pro-life". This was a reversal of traditional Sandinista policy.[33]

The Catholic Church organised a march on the MRS Alliance.[34]

On 15 October, President Bolaños sent to the National Assembly a draft on a proposed reform of the penal code in order to penalize therapeutic abortion.[35] The National Assembly passed the law banning therapeutic abortions on 26 October 2006. It is widely expected that the president will sign it. A section of the law raising prison sentences for women undergoing abortions or doctors performing them from up to six years to up to 30 years was not passed.[36]

Electoral programmes

In Spanish:

  • Alternative for Change
  • Constitutionalist Liberal Party
  • Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance
  • Sandinista National Liberation Front
  • Sandinista Renovation Movement

The U.S. and the Nicaraguan elections

U.S. officials have openly opposed Ortega's and Rizo's candidacies and supported Montealegre and Sandinista dissident Edmundo Jarquín. U.S. Rep. Dan Burton, U.S. Commerce Secretary Carlos Gutierrez and Ambassador Paul Trivelli have all stated that an Ortega victory could scare off foreign investors and threaten Nicaragua's relations with the United States.[37][38]


  • La Voz del Sandinismo - News of the FSLN, Nicaragua and the World
  • Alianza Nicaragua Primero PLC Official site
  • Rizo 2007 official campaign site
  • Alianza MRS official site
  • ALN official campaign site
  • ALN official site
  • ALN-PC campaign site
  • Edén Pastora official site
  • FSLN official campaign site
  • FSLN official site
  • PVEN official site
  • PVEN site in English
  • Documentary following the 2006 election

External links

  1. ^ Escrutinio - Elecciones Nacionales 2006
  2. ^ a b c "Revista Envío - First Identikit of the Four Bands". Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  3. ^ September poll by M & R Consultores
  4. ^ "Nicaragua". 2002-03-04. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  5. ^
  6. ^ "/ El primer periódico digital latinoamericano". Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  7. ^ "Managua, Nicaragua - El Comandante Cero quiere ser Presidente". El Nuevo Diario. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  8. ^ "Managua, Nicaragua - Servidora social aspira a la Vicepresidencia". El Nuevo Diario. 2006-05-23. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  9. ^ "Revista Envío - First Impacts of a Devil’s Pact". 1979-07-19. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  10. ^ "Revista Envío - A Serpent’s Egg: The New Electoral Law". Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  11. ^ "Managua, Nicaragua - Bajo la sombra de Alemán". El Nuevo Diario. 2006-09-11. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  12. ^ "Revista Envío - The Road to the Elections Was Paved with Fraud". Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  13. ^ Arróliga, Lourdes. "Conservadores buscan sustituto". Archived from the original on 2003-05-03. 
  14. ^ Diseño por Grupo Informático de Nicaragua - InfoGroup - - "Politica - Montealegre ofrece Vicepresidencia a Alvarado". La Prensa. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  15. ^ "La Prensa, El Diario de los Nicaraguenses - Noticias - Politica". Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  16. ^ "Managua, Nicaragua - El más joven y acaudalado". El Nuevo Diario. 2006-09-13. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  17. ^ """Revista Envío - "We Must All Demand the Restructuring of the Domestic Debt. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  18. ^ "Confidencial • Nicaragua". Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  19. ^ "Managua, Nicaragua - Un candidato perseverante". El Nuevo Diario. 2006-09-12. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  20. ^ "Revista Envío - 25 Years After July 19: What Has Happened to the FSLN?". Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  21. ^ "Revista Envío - First Identikit of the Four Bands". Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  22. ^ "Nicaragua candidate dies suddenly". BBC News. 2006-07-03. Retrieved 2010-05-20. 
  23. ^ "Managua, Nicaragua - Un feo antisomocista y antidanielista". El Nuevo Diario. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  24. ^ """Revista Envío - Herty Lewites: Now a "Spiritual Candidate. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  25. ^ "Corre sangre FSLN". El Nuevo Diario. Archived from the original on 2005-10-23. 
  26. ^
  27. ^ "Revista Envío - Breaking Free of Fear To Defend Ideas and Rights". Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  28. ^ "Revista Envío - 75 Days to Jockey for Position". Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  29. ^ "La Prensa, El Diario de los Nicaraguenses - Noticias - Politica". Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  30. ^ "USAID: Nicaragua". Archived from the original on 2005-06-19. 
  31. ^ "Nicaragua Elecciones 2006 - Noticias". Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  32. ^ "Ortega el gran perdedor". Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  33. ^ "Womne's issues on the campaign trail". Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. 
  34. ^ "Managua, Nicaragua - Aborto terapéutico divide opiniones humanitaristas". El Nuevo Diario. 2006-10-06. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  35. ^ La Prensa, El Diario de los Nicaraguenses - Noticias - Nacionales
  36. ^ "Nicaragua votes to ban abortions", BBC News, 26 October 2006
  37. ^ [4]
  38. ^ [5]
  39. ^ [6]
  40. ^ La Prensa, El Diario de los Nicaraguenses - Noticias - Ultima Hora
  41. ^ "Injerencia abierta de Estados Unidos". Archived from the original on 2007-12-22. 
  42. ^ "La Prensa, El Diario de los Nicaraguenses - Noticias - Enfoque". Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  43. ^ "Managua, Nicaragua - FSLN el más gastón en campaña electoral". El Nuevo Diario. 2006-09-30. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  44. ^ "Comienza campaña electoral, ¿habrá segunda vuelta? - Radio La Primerísima - La Gente - Noticias desde Managua, Nicaragua". Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  45. ^ "Nicaraguan Election Briefings". Archived from the original on 2006-10-03. 
  46. ^ "Managua, Nicaragua - OEA lamenta injerencismo". El Nuevo Diario. 2006-09-26. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  47. ^ "Web Page Under Construction". Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  48. ^ "Managua, Nicaragua - Banco venezolano se instalará en Managua". El Nuevo Diario. 2006-10-05. Retrieved 2013-09-02. 
  49. ^ Crisis Energética - Cortes masivos de energía y agua en Nicaragua: movilización contra Unión Fenosa
  50. ^
  51. ^
  52. ^
  53. ^
  54. ^ 
  55. ^
  56. ^


See also

Party Percent
  FSLN 37.70%
  ALN 26.87%
  MRS 8.35%
  PLC 26.51%
  AC 0.58%

For Parlacen:

Party Percent
  FSLN 37.90%
  ALN 26.66%
  MRS 8.42%
  PLC 26.46%
  AC 0.55%

Departmental Deputies:

 Summary of the 5 November 2006 Nicaragua National Assembly election results
Parties Votes % Seats
Sandinista National Liberation Front (Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional) 840,851 37,59 38
Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance (Alianza Liberal Nicaragüense ) 597,709 26,72 23
Constitutionalist Liberal Party (Partido Liberal Constitucionalista) 592,118 26.47 25
Sandinista Renovation Movement (Movimiento de Renovación Sandinista) 194,416 8.69 5
Alternative for Change (Alternativa por el Cambio) 12,053 0.54 -
Total (turnout %) 100.0 92
Source: Elecciones 2006 , 91.6 % counted (?). The seats are from IFES

National Deputies (91.6% counted):[56]

  Summary of the 5 November 2006 Nicaragua presidential election results
Candidates - Parties Votes %
José Daniel Ortega Saavedra - Sandinista National Liberation Front 854,316 38.07
Eduardo Montealegre - Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance 650,879 29.00
José Rizo Castellón - Constitutionalist Liberal Party 588,304 26.51
Edmundo Jarquín Calderón - Sandinista Renovation Movement 144,596 6.44
Edén Atanacio Pastora Gómez - Alternative for Change 6,120 0.27
Total 2,244,215 100.0
The source is Consejo Supremo Electoral

For President:

Election results

According to this poll, the FSLN wins in nine departments, four of them with an absolute majority (over 50% of the intended votes). The ALN-PC comes in second place winning in four departments, the PLC third with three departments and in last place, the MRS being number one only in one department (Carazo).

Party October 2006 Seats
  FSLN 37.30% 40
  ALN 16.06% 19
  MRS 14.03% 12
  PLC 20.50% 19
  AC 2.72% 0
  Don't know/Didn't answer 9.37% N/A

UCA - Sponsored by END, Canal 10, CNC - October, 2006

According to M & R, the FSLN polls first on 7 of the country's 17 departments, mostly on northern and western Nicaragua. ALN-PC is number one on 6 departments in southern and eastern Nicaragua, including the Southern Autonomous Region (R.A.A.S.). The MRS party leads the polls on 3 departments including the nation's capital, Managua, and the PLC polls first in the department of Boaco.

Party September 2006 Seats
  FSLN 34.7% 35
  ALN 28.1% 29
  MRS 17.9% 14
  PLC 18.1% 12
  AC 1.2% 0

The elections of 90 representatives to the National Assembly will also be held on November 5. According to the September poll by M & R Consultores no party will gain enough seats to form a majority.

Map showing the results of the Parliamentary election poll by department.
  FSLN majority.
  ALN-PC majority.
  MRS majority.
  PLC majority.

Parliamentary election

The October poll sample size is 5,090. The margin of error is 2%.[53][54] August poll sample size is 1,258. Methodology: Telephone interviews. Margin of error is 2.8%.[55]

Party Candidate October 2006 August 2006
  FSLN Daniel Ortega 32.5% 29%
  ALN Eduardo Montealegre 21.1% 23%
  MRS Edmundo Jarquín 11.8% 14%
  PLC José Rizo 16.8% 14%
  AC Edén Pastora 0.2% 1%
  N/A Don't know/Didn't answer 17.6% 19%

- Poll Conducted October, 2006 and August 16 to 19, 2006


This poll sample size is 15,330. The margin of error is 0.8%.[52]

Party Candidate October 2006
  FSLN Daniel Ortega 37.50%
  ALN Eduardo Montealegre 17.31%
  MRS Edmundo Jarquín 12.90%
  PLC José Rizo 20.11%
  AC Edén Pastora 1.00%
  N/A Don't know/Didn't answer 11.18%

- Poll Conducted October, 2006

UCA - Sponsored by END, Canal 10, CNC
Party Candidate October 2006 September 2006 August 2006
  FSLN Daniel Ortega 33.8% 34.2% 34.9%
  ALN Eduardo Montealegre 25.4% 29.2% 27.2%
  MRS Edmundo Jarquín 14.8% 17.6% 21.6%
  PLC José Rizo 17.1% 18.0% 14.9%
  AC Edén Pastora 0.6% 1.0% 1.4%

- Polls Conducted October 19–22, September 21 and August 10, 2006

M & R Consultores

October poll sample size is 1,800. The margin of error is 3.2%. [50][51]

Party Candidate October 20062 October 20061 September 2006 August 2006
  FSLN Daniel Ortega 34.4% 30.6% 26.8% 31.4%
  ALN Eduardo Montealegre 23.0% 22.4% 23.9% 29.1%
  MRS Edmundo Jarquín 10.9% 10.1% 19.1% 15.2%
  PLC José Rizo 19.3% 14.6% 16.4% 15.7%
  AC Edén Pastora 0.9% 0.4% 0.5% 1.1%

- Polls Conducted October 15–222, October 5–121, September 13, and August 5, 2006

Borge & Asociados

Presidential election

Pre-election poll results

Early in September, Daniel Ortega refused to take part leaving the "debate" to the remaining four; Eduardo Montealegre, José Rizo, Edmundo Jarquín and Edén Pastora.


On the other hand, the Sandinista Mayor of Managua, Dionisio Marenco, negotiated an agreement with the Venezuelan state oil company PDVSA that allows Venezuelan oil to be imported directly to Nicaragua with preferential payment conditions. The first shipment of a total of 10 million barrels of oil (equivalent to the total annual demand in Nicaragua) arrived to the country on October 2005.[47][48] Nicaragua is in the middle of an energy crisis with increasing oil prices and a strict energy rationalization policy that leaves hundreds of thousands of Nicaraguan without power supply for several hours a day.[49]

The ALN and MRS election officials.[45][46]

Both the left and the right have made allegations that their political opponents have received fundings from the United States and Venezuela respectively.

According to the ALN official, Eliseo Núñez, the party estimates its budget for the whole campaign in US$6 to 8 millions. José Rizo's budget is also estimated in about $6 million. Edén Pastora and his AC will have an austere campaign with a $500,000 budget.[44]

A pre-campaign study carried out by the independent Ethic and Transparency Civic Group between 1 July and 15 August, showed that the FSLN was the party that spent more money during that period; C$ 7,858,120. ALN came in second with C$ 3,153,571 followed by the PLC with C$ 2,622,635. The MRS spent C$ 824,718 and the AC had the smallest budget with C$ 535,624.[43]

According to the Nicaraguan Electoral Law, the parties are forced to report most donations, but only those received from the date of the official opening of the campaign (19 August) to the day of the elections (5 November). Minor individual donations do not need to be disclosed.[42] The parties will be refunded after the elections in proportion to the amount of votes each of them obtain.



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