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Mohammed ben Abdallah

Mohammed III of Morocco
Sultan of Morocco (more..)
Reign 1748, 1757 – 1790
Predecessor Abdallah IV
Successor Yazid
Born Fes, Morocco
Consort (first) Lalla Fatima bint Sulaiman of Morocco
(second) Lalla Sargetta, an English or Irish lady
(third) a daughter of 'Abdu'llah Rahamani
(fourth) Lalla Zahra
a Howariyya lady from Sais
a lady of the Ahlaf tribe
another lady of the Ahlaf tribe
a lady from Rabat
a third lady of the Ahlaf tribe
a Beni Husain lady
Helen Gloag [1]
House House of Alaoui

Mohammed Ben Abdellah al-Khatib (c. 1710 – 9 April 1790) (Arabic: محمد الثالث بن عبد الله الخطيب‎) was Sultan of Morocco from 1757 to 1790 under the Alaouite dynasty. He was the governor of Marrakech around 1750. He was also sultan briefly during 1748.

Rule

Mohammed ben Abdallah employed the French architect Théodore Cornut to build the model city of Essaouira.
Coins of Sidi Mohammed ben Abdallah, 1760–67 (Hijra 1182–1189), minted in Essaouira.

He was the son of Sultan Abdallah IV who reigned 1745–1757. A more open-minded ruler than many of his forebears, he signed numerous peace treaties with the European powers, and curtailed the power of the Barbary corsairs. He revived the city of Essaouira and invited Jews and English to trade there. He also built the old medina of Casablanca (Derb Tazi) and renovated the kasbah of Marrakesh. Mohammed III used numerous European technicians and architects for his projects, such as Théodore Cornut and the Englishman Ahmed el Inglizi.

Mohammed ben Abdallah also took steps to remove the foreign presence on Moroccan coasts. He repulsed the French in the 1765 Larache expedition. He conquered Mazagan from the Portuguese in 1769. However, the Siege of Melilla (1774) against the Spanish ended in defeat in 1775 when British aid failed to materialize.

Letter of George Washington to Mohammed ben Abdallah in appreciation of the Treaty of Peace and Friendship, signed in Marrakech in 1787.
Commercial treaty signed by Mohammed ben Abdallah with France in 1767.

In 1786 Morocco became the first Arab state, the first African state, and the first Muslim state to sign a treaty with the United States. A false myth persists to the effect that Morocco recognized the United States in 1777.[2]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ http://www.royalark.net/Morocco/morocco5.htm
  2. ^ Priscilla H. Roberts and James N. Tull, "Moroccan Sultan Sidi Muhammad Ibn Abdallah's Diplomatic Initiatives Toward The United States, 1777-1786," Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society (1999) 143#2 pp 233-265

References

  • Morocco Alaoui dynasty
  • History of Morocco
Preceded by
Abdallah IV
Mohammed ben Abdallah
1757–1790
Succeeded by
Yazid


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