World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Mid-Tertiary ignimbrite flare-up

Article Id: WHEBN0028365615
Reproduction Date:

Title: Mid-Tertiary ignimbrite flare-up  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Colorado River, Pacific Coast Ranges, Basin and Range Province, Sierra Madre Occidental, List of largest volcanic eruptions
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Mid-Tertiary ignimbrite flare-up

The Mid-Tertiary ignimbrite flare-up, as the name implies, is a dramatic period of volcanic eruptions in mid-Tertiary time, approximately 25-40 million years ago, centered in the western United States.[1] These eruptions are seen today as deposits of ignimbrite, the pyroclastic material that was laid down from these eruptions.


There are countless eruptions within the flare-up; the total volume includes 5x105 km3 of ash flow tuff and 5x106 km3 of intermediate and silicic lava.[2] This amount is on par for some of the largest non-explosive volcanic provinces (see World's largest eruptions). For reference, the 1980 eruption of Mt. St. Helens was about 1 km3. The largest eruption on the flare-up, and also the largest explosive eruption ever known, was the Fish Canyon tuff in southwest Colorado. Its volume alone is 5,000 km3. The three primary volcanic centers of the flare-up are the Central Nevada volcanic field of central Nevada, Indian Peak volcanic field of eastern Nevada/western Utah, and the San Juan volcanic field in Colorado.


The primary tectonic driving force behind this explosive volcanic activity is slab roll back.[3] During the Laramide orogeny, the subducting Farallon Plate subducted at a very shallow angle. When this stopped, the mantle wedge was opened up, and the result was the flare-up. The specifics of this opening, including possible windows or buckling of the plate, can explain specific volcanic trends within the flare-up.

See also


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.