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Michigan Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument

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Title: Michigan Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: One Campus Martius, National Register of Historic Places listings in Wayne County, Michigan, Architecture of metropolitan Detroit, Sculptures of women in Michigan, Detroit City Hall
Collection: 1867 Establishments in Michigan, 1872 Sculptures, Allegorical Sculptures in the United States, American Civil War Military Monuments and Memorials, Birds in Art, Bronze Sculptures in Michigan, Culture of Detroit, Michigan, Landmarks in Michigan, Michigan in the American Civil War, Military Monuments and Memorials in the United States, Monuments and Memorials in Michigan, National Register of Historic Places in Detroit, Michigan, Outdoor Sculptures in Michigan, Sculptures of Men in Michigan, Sculptures of Women in Michigan, Statues in Michigan, Visitor Attractions in Detroit, Michigan
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Michigan Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument

Michigan Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument
Location Campus Martius Park
Detroit, Michigan
Coordinates
Built 1867
Architect Randolph Rogers
Alexander Chapoton
Architectural style Classical Revival
Governing body Local
NRHP Reference # 84001862[1]
Added to NRHP May 31, 1984

The Michigan Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument is a Civil War monument located in Downtown Detroit, Michigan. This example of civic sculpture stands in a prominent location on the southeast tip of Campus Martius Park, where five principal thoroughfares—Michigan Avenue, Monroe Street, Cadillac Square, Fort Street, and Woodward Avenue—convene on the reconstructed traffic circle in front of Compuware World Headquarters. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984.[1]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Description 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • Further reading 5
  • External links 6

History

Michigan Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument with the old Detroit City Hall in the background

In 1865, the Michigan Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument Association was established by Philip H. Sheridan and Ambrose E. Burnside.

In 2005 a re-dedication ceremony was held following the completion of the new Campus Martius plaza in downtown Detroit. The time capsule contained in the monument was opened, and the list of Michigan War Dead was updated to reflect all those killed from the Civil War up to April 2005 in Iraq and Afghanistan. Civil War re-enactors, members of the Grand Army of the Republic and associate organizations, representatives from the Detroit City Council, the Michigan National Guard, and the Second Baptist Church men's choir participated in the ceremony.

The Michigan Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument is situated within the traffic circle of the intersection of Woodward Avenue, Michigan Avenue, Monroe Street, Fort Street, and Cadillac Square. The property is open to the public. The monument was repositioned on Campus Martius Park traffic circle for the restoration of the park.

Description

One Kennedy Square (left) and 1001 Woodward (right) behind the Michigan Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument

Rogers' design consists of a series of octagonal sections that rise up from the base of the monument.[3] The lowest sections are topped by eagles with raised wings that guide the eye upward to the next section which is surmounted by four male figures depicting the Navy, Infantry, Cavalry, and Artillery branches of the United States Army. Four female allegorical figures, resting on pedestals, are above the male statues and represent Victory, History, Emancipation, and Union were not added to the monument until 1881. Local lore claims Rogers used Sojourner Truth, the famous African-American abolitionist, as his inspiration for the Emancipation statue, but little evidence exists to document this belief. There are also four plaques containing bas-reliefs of the Union leaders Lincoln, Grant, Sherman, and Farragut. Capping the monument, the heroic "Amazon figure" [4] Michigania, or Victory, brandishes a sword in her right hand and in her other she raises a shield, prepared for attack.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  2. ^ Lees, James A. (September - October 1999). Michigan Soldiers' and Sailors' MonumentMichigan History Magazine
  3. ^ Zacharias, Pat (September 5, 1999). Monuments of Detroit Michigan History, Detroit News. Retrieved on November 21, 2007.
  4. ^ Rogers, Millard F. Jr., Randolph Rogers: American Sculptor in Rome, University of Massachusetts Press 1971 p. 112

Further reading

  • Rogers, Millard F., Randolph Rogers: American Sculptor in Rome. The University of Massachusetts Press, 1971.
  • Meyer, Katherine Mattingly and Martin C.P. McElroy with Introduction by W. Hawkins Ferry, Hon A.I.A. Detroit Architecture A.I.A. Guide Revised Edition. Wayne State University Press, 1980
  • Zacharias, Pat. "The Monuments of Detroit".  

External links

  • National Park Service page on MSSM
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