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Magic (gaming)

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Title: Magic (gaming)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Zelda II: The Adventure of Link, Mana (series), Experience point, Warpstone, Status effect
Collection: Fantasy Games, Video Game Magic
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Magic (gaming)

A mana bar or magic bar, used to keep track of a character's magic points (MP) in a video game.

Magic or mana is an attribute assigned to characters within a role-playing or video game that indicate their power to use special abilities or "spells". Magic is usually measured in magic points or mana points, shortened as MP. Different abilities will use up different amounts of MP.[1] When the MP of a character reaches zero, the character won't be able to use special abilities until some of their MP is recovered.[2]

Much like health, magic might be displayed as a numeric value, such as "50/100". Here, the first number indicates the current amount of MP a character has whereas the second number indicates the character's maximum MP. In video games, magic can also be displayed visually, such as with a gauge that empties itself as a character uses their abilities.[3]


  • History 1
  • Mechanisms 2
    • In role-playing games 2.1
    • In god games 2.2
  • See also 3
  • References 4


The magic system in pen-and-paper role-playing games such as

  1. ^ a b c "The History of Mana: How an Austronesian Concept Became a Video Game Mechanic", June 17, 2014, Alex Golub, Assistant Professor of Anthropology, University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa.
  2. ^ a b Perry, Jim (2009-06-23). RPG Programming with XNA Game Studio 3.0. Jones & Bartlett Learning. p. 404.  
  3. ^ Orland, Kyle; Thomas, David; Steinberg, Scott Matthew (2007). The Videogame Style Guide and Reference Manual. p. 51.  
  4. ^ "Vancian". Retrieved 2007-02-23. 
  5. ^ DeVarque, Aardy. "Literary Sources of D&D". Archived from the original on 2007-07-21. Retrieved 2007-02-23. 
  6. ^ Shannon Appelcline (2011). Designers & Dragons. Mongoose Publishing. p. 383.  
  7. ^ Pederson, Roger (2009-06-23). Game Design Foundations. Jones & Bartlett Publishers. p. 153.  
  8. ^ a b c d Adams, Ernest (2010-04-07). Fundamentals of Game Design. New Riders. p. 469, 580.  
  9. ^ Moore, Michael (2011-03-23). Basics of Game Design. CRC Press. p. 214.  
  10. ^ Nintendo of America (2004). Official Nintendo Power Pokemon Ruby and Sapphire Player's Guide. Nintendo of America, Incorporated. p. 18.  


See also

In god games, the player's power is usually called mana and grows along with the number and prosperity of the player's worshipers. Here, the population size influences the maximum amount of mana the player has and the rate at which their mana restores itself when it is below that maximum. Using "godly powers" consumes mana, but such actions are necessary to increase the number and prosperity of the population.[8]

In god games

Some games introduce a separate point system per skill. For example, in the Pokémon games, each skill of each fighting character has its own "Power Points" (PP). If the PP of only one of its skills are depleted, that specific Pokémon still has three other skills to choose from.[10]

Some games base the strength and amount of a character's magic on stats such as "wisdom" or "intelligence". These stats are used because they are easy to keep track of and develop in pen-and-paper RPGs.[2]

In both tabletop role-playing games and role-playing video games, magic is most usually used to cast spells during battles. However, in tabletop RPGs, unlike in video games, magic has many uses outside of combat situations, such as using love spells on NPCs to gain information.[8][9]

In role-playing games

In video games, MP can often be restored by consuming magic potions or it may regenerate over time. Status effects are temporary modification to a game character’s original set of stats. A character may cast a spell that inflicts a positive or negative status effect on another character.[8]

"Magic" may be substituted with psychic powers, spiritual power, advanced technology or other concepts that would allow a character to influence the world around them that is not available in real life. Magic is often restricted to a specific class of character, such as a "mage" or "spellcaster", while other character classes have to rely on melee combat or physical projectiles.[8]

Because skills and abilities are not usually lost, a game designer might decide to limit the use of such an ability by linking its use to magic points. This way, after using an ability, the player is required to rest or use an item to replenish their character's MP. This is done for balancing, so that each skill does not have an infinite casting ability with equal results every time.[7]


"Mana" is a word that comes from a Polynesian language meaning something along the lines of "supernatural power". The concept of mana was introduced in Europe by missionary Robert Henry Codrington in 1891 and was popularized by Mircea Eliade in the 1950s. It was first introduced as a source of wizards' power in a 1969 short story by Larry Niven, and in role-playing games by Dungeon Master in 1987. It has since become a common staple in both role-playing and video games.[1]


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