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Madison County, Indiana

Madison County, Indiana
Madison County Courthouse in Anderson
Map of Indiana highlighting Madison County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1823
Named for James Madison
Seat Anderson
Largest city Anderson
 • Total 452.90 sq mi (1,173 km2)
 • Land 451.92 sq mi (1,170 km2)
 • Water 0.99 sq mi (3 km2), 0.22%
 • (2010) 131,636
 • Density 291/sq mi (112.41/km²)
Congressional district 5th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website .com.madisonctywww
Footnotes: Indiana county number 48

Madison County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 131,636.[1] The county seat is Anderson.[2]

Madison County is included in the Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN Metropolitan Statistical Area.


  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Adjacent counties 2.1
    • Cities and towns 2.2
    • Unincorporated towns 2.3
    • Townships 2.4
    • Major highways 2.5
    • Railroads 2.6
  • Climate and weather 3
  • Government 4
  • Demographics 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • Further reading 8
  • External links 9


Madison County was formed in 1823. It was named for James Madison, co-author of The Federalist Papers and the fourth President of the United States (1809 to 1817).[3]


According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 452.90 square miles (1,173.0 km2), of which 451.92 square miles (1,170.5 km2) (or 99.78%) is land and 0.99 square miles (2.6 km2) (or 0.22%) is water.[4]

Adjacent counties

Cities and towns

Anderson from the air, looking west.

Unincorporated towns


Major highways


Climate and weather

Anderson, Indiana
Climate chart ()
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[5]

In recent years, average temperatures in Anderson have ranged from a low of 18 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −24 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.09 inches (53 mm) in January to 4.28 inches (109 mm) in July.[5]


The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[6][7]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[6][7]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[7]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[7]

Madison County is part of Indiana's 5th congressional district; Indiana Senate districts 20, 25 and 26;[8] and Indiana House of Representatives districts 35, 36 and 37.[9]


As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 131,636 people, 51,927 households, and 34,319 families residing in the county.[15] The population density was 291.3 inhabitants per square mile (112.5/km2). There were 59,068 housing units at an average density of 130.7 per square mile (50.5/km2).[4] The racial makeup of the county was 87.7% white, 8.3% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.5% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.2% of the population.[15] In terms of ancestry, 21.5% were German, 12.5% were American, 11.5% were Irish, and 10.4% were English.[16]

Of the 51,927 households, 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.9% were non-families, and 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.93. The median age was 39.2 years.[15]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $53,906. Males had a median income of $41,834 versus $31,743 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,722. About 11.2% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.6% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.[17]

See also


  1. ^ a b "Madison County QuickFacts".  
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 196. 
  4. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County".  
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Anderson, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  6. ^ a b  
  7. ^ a b c d  
  8. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-07-14. 
  9. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-07-14. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  15. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data".  
  16. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates".  
  17. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates".  

Further reading

  • Harden, Samuel. History of Madison County, Indiana, from 1820 to 1874: Giving a general review of principal events, statistical and historical items, derived from official sources.. Lewis Publishing Company (1874).

External links

  • We Are Madison County
  • The Madison County Council of Governments
  • Madison County Sheriffs Department
  • Madison County News
  • Madison County ALERT News
  • Madison County Government Center
  • List of Madison County Cemeteries

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