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List of state capitols in the United States

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List of state capitols in the United States

This is a list of U.S. state capitol buildings in the United States and is not to be confused with a list of state capitals, which are the cities where these buildings are located.

Most U.S. states (39 of the 50) have facilities named "State Capitol". Indiana and Ohio use the term "Statehouse" and eight states use "State House": Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, Rhode Island, South Carolina, and Vermont. Delaware has a "Legislative Hall". The State of Alabama has a State Capitol, but the Legislature has since 1985 met in the State House.

A capitol typically contains the meeting place for its state's legislature and offices for the state's governor, though this is not true for every state. The legislatures of Alabama, Nevada and North Carolina meet in other nearby buildings, but their governor's offices remain in the capitol. The Arizona State Capitol is now strictly a museum, and both the legislature and the governor's office are in nearby buildings. Only Arizona does not have its governor's office in the state capitol, though in Delaware, Ohio, Michigan, Vermont and Virginia,[1] the office there is for ceremonial use only.

In 9 states, the state's highest court also routinely meets in the capitol: Indiana, Kentucky, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma (both civil and criminal courts), Pennsylvania (one of three sites), South Dakota, West Virginia, and Wisconsin. The other 40 states have separate buildings for their supreme courts, though in Minnesota and Utah the high court also has ceremonial meetings at the capitol.

Eleven state capitols do not feature a dome: the Alaska, Florida, Hawaii, Louisiana, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, Tennessee and Virginia state capitols.[2]

Table

Picture Capitol name Location Years of current capitol construction Notes
Alabama State Capitol Montgomery
1850–1851
1885 (East wing)
1903–1906 (South wing)
1911–1912 (North wing)
National Historic Landmark
Alaska State Capitol Juneau
1929–1931
Arizona State Capitol Phoenix
1899–1900 National Register of Historic Places, no longer hosts government meetings
Arkansas State Capitol Little Rock
1899–1915 National Register of Historic Places
California State Capitol Sacramento
1860–1874 National Register of Historic Places
Colorado State Capitol Denver
1886–1907 National Register of Historic Places
Exactly one mile above sea level
Connecticut State Capitol Hartford
1872–1879 National Historic Landmark
Delaware Legislative Hall Dover
1933
1965-1970 (north and south wings)
1994 (expansion of east wings)
The Old Statehouse, used from 1792 to 1932, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Florida State Capitol Tallahassee
1973–1977 Newest state capitol
Second largest state capitol
Georgia State Capitol Atlanta
1883–1889 National Historic Landmark
Hawaii State Capitol Honolulu
1960–1969 Part of the Hawaii Capital Historic District (NRHP)
Second newest state capitol
Idaho State Capitol Boise
1905–1913
1919–1920 (wings)
2008–2010 (underground wings)
National Register of Historic Places
Illinois State Capitol Springfield
1884–1887 (construction) National Register of Historic Places
Indiana Statehouse Indianapolis
1877–1888[3] National Register of Historic Places
Iowa State Capitol Des Moines
1871–1886 National Register of Historic Places
Kansas State Capitol Topeka
1866–1873 (east wing)
1879–1881 (west wing)
1884–1906 (center)
National Register of Historic Places
Kentucky State Capitol Frankfort
1905–1910 National Register of Historic Places
Louisiana State Capitol Baton Rouge
1930–1932 National Historic Landmark
Tallest state capitol
Maine State House Augusta
1828–1832
1889–1891 (wing)
1909–1911 (wings)
National Register of Historic Places
Maryland State House Annapolis
1772–1797[4] National Historic Landmark
Oldest active state capitol
Massachusetts State House Boston
1795–1798 National Historic Landmark
Fourth oldest active state capitol
Michigan State Capitol Lansing
1871–1878 National Historic Landmark
Minnesota State Capitol Saint Paul
1893–1905 National Register of Historic Places
Mississippi State Capitol Jackson
1901–1903 National Register of Historic Places
Missouri State Capitol Jefferson City
1911–1917 National Register of Historic Places
Montana State Capitol Helena
1896–1902
1909–1912 (wings)
National Register of Historic Places
Nebraska State Capitol Lincoln
1919–1932 National Historic Landmark
Second tallest state capitol
Nevada State Capitol Carson City
1869–1871 National Register of Historic Places
New Hampshire State House Concord
1815–1818
New Jersey State House Trenton
1792 Second oldest active state capitol
New Mexico State Capitol Santa Fe
1964–1966 Highest and only round state capitol
Third newest state capitol in oldest capital city
New York State Capitol Albany
1867–1899 National Historic Landmark
North Carolina State Capitol Raleigh
1840 National Historic Landmark
North Dakota State Capitol Bismarck
1920–1924
1931–1934 (office tower & wing)
Ohio Statehouse Columbus
1837–1861 National Historic Landmark
Oklahoma State Capitol Oklahoma City
1914–1917
2000-2002 (dome)
National Register of Historic Places
Oregon State Capitol Salem
1935
1977 (wings)
National Register of Historic Places
Pennsylvania State Capitol Harrisburg
1904-1906[5] National Historic Landmark
Rhode Island State House Providence
1895–1904 National Register of Historic Places
South Carolina State House Columbia
1854–1865 National Historic Landmark
South Dakota State Capitol Pierre
1905–1911 National Register of Historic Places
Tennessee State Capitol Nashville
1845–1854 National Historic Landmark
Texas State Capitol Austin
1881–1888
1993 (underground extension)
National Historic Landmark
Largest state capitol
Utah State Capitol Salt Lake City
1912–1916
2004-2008 (major restoration and renovation)
National Register of Historic Places
Vermont State House Montpelier
1834–1836 National Historic Landmark
Virginia State Capitol Richmond
1785–1790
1904–1906 (wings)
National Historic Landmark
Third oldest active state capitol
Washington State Capitol Olympia
1919–1928 (Legislative building) National Register of Historic Places
West Virginia State Capitol Charleston
1924–1932 National Register of Historic Places
Wisconsin State Capitol Madison
1906–1917
1988-2002 (major renovation and restoration)
National Historic Landmark
Wyoming State Capitol Cheyenne
1886–1890
1915–1917 (House and Senate chambers)
National Historic Landmark
Second highest state capitol

See also

References

  1. ^ "Virtual Tour of the Virginia State Capitol". Virginia Capitol.gov. Retrieved May 2011. 
  2. ^ "State Capitols and Domes". NCSL.org (National Conference of State Legislatures). Retrieved October 9, 2013.
  3. ^ "IDOA: The Statehouse Story". IN.gov. Retrieved 2010-05-19. 
  4. ^ History of the State House and Its Dome. msa.maryland.gov (Maryland State Archives), 2007. Retrieved on April 5, 2014.
  5. ^ Pennsylvania Manual p. xiv

External links

  • Cupolas of Capitalism State Capitol Building Histories. Cupola.com.
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