World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

List of free ports

 

List of free ports

A free port (porto franco) or free zone (zona franca), sometimes also called a bonded area (US: Foreign-Trade Zone), is a port or other area with relaxed jurisdiction of customs or related national regulations.

Most commonly a free port is a special customs area or small customs territory with generally less strict customs regulations (or no customs duties and/or controls for transshipment). Earlier in history, some free ports like Hong Kong enjoyed political autonomy. Many international airports have free ports, though they tend to be called customs areas, customs zones, or international zones.

A free economic zone (a specific type of special economic zone) may also be called a free port.

Contents

  • Free ports and Free Zones by country 1
    • Africa 1.1
      • Libya 1.1.1
      • Liberia 1.1.2
      • Egypt 1.1.3
      • Eritrea 1.1.4
      • Morocco 1.1.5
      • Mauritius 1.1.6
      • Nigeria 1.1.7
    • Asia 1.2
      • China 1.2.1
      • Bahrain 1.2.2
      • Indonesia 1.2.3
      • Iran 1.2.4
      • Israel 1.2.5
      • Japan 1.2.6
      • Thailand 1.2.7
      • Lebanon 1.2.8
      • Malaysia 1.2.9
      • Pakistan 1.2.10
      • Philippines 1.2.11
      • Singapore 1.2.12
      • South Korea 1.2.13
      • Taiwan 1.2.14
      • Turkey 1.2.15
      • United Arab Emirates 1.2.16
    • Europe 1.3
      • Andorra 1.3.1
      • Austria 1.3.2
      • Belarus 1.3.3
      • Croatia 1.3.4
      • Denmark 1.3.5
      • Finland 1.3.6
      • France 1.3.7
      • Germany 1.3.8
      • Georgia 1.3.9
      • Gibraltar 1.3.10
      • Greece 1.3.11
      • Ireland 1.3.12
      • Isle of Man 1.3.13
      • Italy 1.3.14
      • Latvia 1.3.15
      • Lithuania 1.3.16
      • Luxembourg 1.3.17
      • Malta 1.3.18
      • Monaco 1.3.19
      • Portugal 1.3.20
      • Romania 1.3.21
      • Russia 1.3.22
      • Spain 1.3.23
      • Sweden 1.3.24
      • Switzerland 1.3.25
      • Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus 1.3.26
      • Ukraine 1.3.27
      • United Kingdom 1.3.28
    • The Americas 1.4
      • Argentina 1.4.1
      • The Bahamas 1.4.2
      • Bermuda 1.4.3
      • Brazil 1.4.4
      • Canada 1.4.5
      • Chile 1.4.6
      • Colombia 1.4.7
      • Dominican republic 1.4.8
      • Panama 1.4.9
      • Puerto Rico 1.4.10
      • Uruguay 1.4.11
      • United States 1.4.12
      • Venezuela 1.4.13
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Free ports and Free Zones by country

Africa

Libya

Misrata Free Zone

Liberia

Free Port of Monrovia

Egypt

Eritrea

Morocco

  1. Tangier Exportation Free Zone
  2. Atlantic Free Zone Kenitra

Mauritius

Nigeria

Registered Free Zones in Nigeria

Although the enabling act came into effect in 1992, the pioneer Free Zone (the Calabar Free Trade Zone) was not fully completed until 1999, and commenced operation after official commissioning in November 2001. Since then, the Free Zones Scheme has been used as a vehicle for industrial and commercial development of the country. Private Sector participation and partnership with the Federal Government and other tiers of government has helped spread the scheme. This has culminated in the establishment of specialised Free Zones and other types of Zones, namely:

S/N NAME LOCATION STATUS OWNERSHIP
1 Calabar Free Trade Zone (CFTZ) CRS Operational Fed. Govt.
2 Kano Free Trade Zone (KFTZ) Kano State Operational Fed. Govt.
3 Onne oil & Gas Free Zone River State Operational Under Parallel Authority
4 Tinapa Free Zone & Tourism Resort CRS Operational Private/Public
5 Snake Island Integrated Lagos Operational Private
6 Maigatari Border Free Zone Jigawa State Operational State
7 LADOL Free Zone Lagos Operational Private
8 Airline Services Export Proc. Zone Lagos State Operational Private
9 ALSCON Export Processing Zone Akwa Ibon Operational Private
10 Ogun Guangdong Free Trade Zone Ogun State Operational Public/ Private
11 Sebore Farms Export Processing Zones Adamawa State Operational Private
12 Ibom Science & Tech. Park Free Zone Akwa Ibom Under Cons. Public/Private
13 Living Spring Free Zone Osun State Under Cons. State
14 Lekki Free Zone Lagos State Under Cons. State/ Private
15 Brass LNG Free Zone Bayelsa Under Cons. Public/Private
16 Abuja Technological Village Free Zone Abuja Under Cons. Public/Private
17 Specialized Railway Industrial FTZ - Kajola Ogun State Under Cons. Public/Private
18 Imo Guangdong FTZ Imo State Under Cons. Public/Private
19 OK Free Trade Zone Ondo & Ogun Under Cons. States/ Private
20 Lagos Free Zone Lagos State Under Cons. Private
21 Kwara Free Zone Kwara State Declaration State Govt.
22 Oluyole Free Trade Zone Oyo State Declaration State Govt.
23 Koko Free Trade Zone Delta State Declaration State Govt.
24 OILSS Logistics Free Zone Lagos Declaration Private
25 Banki Border Free Zone Borno State Declaration State

The introduction of free zones has played a large role in increasing the amount of investment into Nigeria. When all the free zones are fully operational, Nigeria is projected to play a large role in expanding export-driven manufacturing activities in Africa.[1]

Asia

China

Bahrain

Indonesia

Iran

Israel

Japan

Thailand

  • Port of Laem Chabang
  • Port of Bangkok
  • Port of Chieng Saen
  • Port of Chiang Kong
  • Port of Ranong

Lebanon

Malaysia

Pakistan

Philippines

Singapore

South Korea

Taiwan

Turkey

United Arab Emirates

Europe

Andorra

Austria

(member of the European Union)

Belarus

Croatia

(member of the European Union)

  • Rijeka, 1723
  • Zadar, 1922-1947 (Porto Franco della città di Zara)

Denmark

(member of the European Union)

Finland

(member of the European Union)

  • Free zone of Lappeenranta (Lappeenrannan Vapaa-alue)
  • Freeport of Hanko (Hangon Vapaasatama)

France

(member of the European Union)

  • Free Zone of Le Verdon - Port de Bordeaux (Zone franche du Verdon — Port de Bordeaux)

Germany

(member of the European Union)

  • Freeport of Bremerhaven (Freihafen Bremerhaven)
  • Freeport of Cuxhaven (Freihafen Cuxhaven), since 1896
  • Freeport of Deggendorf (Freihafen Deggendorf), since 1989
  • Freeport of Duisburg (Freihafen Duisburg), since 1989

Georgia

Gibraltar

Greece

(member of the European Union)

Ireland

(member of the European Union)

Isle of Man

Italy

(member of the European Union)

Latvia

(member of the European Union)

Lithuania

(member of the European Union)

Luxembourg

Malta

(member of the European Union)

Monaco

  • Monaco Freeport

Portugal

(member of the European Union)

  • Free Zone of Madeira - Caniçal (Zona franca da Madeira - Caniçal)

Romania

(member of the European Union)

Russia

Spain

(member of the European Union)

Sweden

(member of the European Union)

Switzerland

Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus

  • Famagusta Free Zone[11]
  • Gemikonağı Free Zone [11]

(The ports of Northern Cyprus are not registered to International Maritime Organization)

Ukraine

  • free port and free economic zone Odessa
    • 1819-1858
    • Trade sea port of Odessa, January 1, 2000 for 25 years

United Kingdom

(member of the European Union)[12]

The Americas

Argentina

The Bahamas

Bermuda

Brazil

Canada

Chile

Colombia

Dominican republic

  • Mega Port of Punta Caucedo

Panama

Puerto Rico

  • Zona Franca Saret

Uruguay

  • Carrasco International Airport (Free Airport)
  • Zona Franca de Montevideo
  • Zona Franca Colonia
  • Zona Franca Rivera

United States

Venezuela

See also

References

  1. ^ Nigeria Export Processing Zones Authority
  2. ^ "Gazzetta Ufficiale Serie Generale n.81 del 6-4-2013". 
  3. ^ Malta Freeport
  4. ^ Руднев Д. Д., Кулик Н. А. Материалы к изучению Северного морского пути из Европы в Обь и Енисей — Петроград: Тип. А. Э. Коллинс, 1915. — С. 3-4, 57-59. — VI, 127 с.
  5. ^ """Федеральный закон Российской Федерации от 13 июля 2015 г. N 212-ФЗ "О свободном порте Владивосток. Российская Газета. Retrieved 2015-07-28. 
  6. ^ Segal, David (21 July 2012). "Swiss Freeports Are Home for a Growing Treasury of Art". The New York Times. Retrieved 7 April 2015. 
  7. ^ a b Ports Francs et Entrepôts de Genève SA
  8. ^ Magazzini Generali con Punto Franco SA
  9. ^ PESA - Port-Franc et Entrepôts de Lausanne-Chavornay SA
  10. ^ SEV - Société des Entrepôts Vevey SA
  11. ^ a b EU Enlargement Commissioner EU Enlargement Commissioner Olli Rehn (A reply to a question of European MP Marios Matsakis; on 18 January 2008): "..the use of ports in the north was not prohibited. Based on the general principles of international law, entry and exit of vessels from sea ports in the northern part of Cyprus is not prohibited"
  12. ^ Free Zones; HMRC Reference:Notice 334
  13. ^ Sitio Oficial Zona Franca La Pampa

External links

  • European Commission: list of free ports in the European Union (English)
  • The German customs administration about freeports and free zones in Germany (German)
  • US Customs: About Foreign-Trade Zones & Contact Info
  • US Commerce Department (International Trade Administration): U.S. Foreign-Trade Zones Board
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.