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List of former United States military installations in Panama

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Title: List of former United States military installations in Panama  
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Subject: Fort Davis, Panama, Galeta Island (Panama), Panama Canal Zone, Fort Sherman, Limon Bay
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List of former United States military installations in Panama

This is a list of United States military installations in Panama, all of which fall within the former Canal zone. The U.S. military installations in Panama were turned over to local authorities by 1999.

Transition phases

In 1903, the Hay–Bunau-Varilla Treaty was signed between Panama and the United States. It created the Panama Canal Zone as a U.S. governed region, and allowed the U.S. to build the Panama Canal. In 1977, the Panama Canal Treaty (also called Torrijos–Carter Treaties) was signed by Commander of Panama's National Guard, General Omar Torrijos and U.S. President Jimmy Carter. Over time, it would replace and absolve the 1903 treaty.

  • 1 October 1979, the Panama Canal Zone was abolished. All unused area (mainly forest) was transferred to Panama. Also some non-military constructions, like hospitals and schools, were transferred to Panama.
  • Between 1979 and 31 December 1999 U.S. transferred all military areas and constructions to Panama. Formal U.S. presence was ended by 2000. In total 95,293 acres (386 square kilometres) with 5,237 buildings were handed over. Their estimated value was some $4 billion US$.
  • After the United States invasion of Panama in 1989, some installations were reactivated by the U.S. Still, these were abolished by 2000.[1]

List

Former U.S. military installations in the Panama Canal Zone (1904–1999)[2]
Name Branch Unit Aban­doned Current name Current use Area Coordinates
Galeta Island Navy CDAA (Wullenweber) radio detection 2002 Atlantic
Fort Randolph Army coastal defense 1999 Atlantic,
Margarita Island
Coco Solo Navy submarine base 1999 Manzanillo International Terminal container terminal Atlantic,
near Colón
Fort De Lesseps Army coastal defense 1955 Atlantic,
Colón
Fort Sherman Army coastal defense,
Jungle Operations Training Center
1999 harbour: Shelter Bay Marina unused,
marina
Atlantic,
opposite Colón
France Field Army,
Air Force
1949 Enrique Adolfo Jiménez Airport airfield Atlantic,
near Colón
Gatun Tank Farm Navy underground fuel storage with oil terminal at Cristobal 1991 Atlantic,
near Gatun locks
Fort Gulick Army School of the Americas 1984, 1999 Fuerte Espinar hotel Melia Atlantic,
Gatun locks
Fort William D. Davis Army infantry, jungle warfare training,
special forces training
Jose Dominador Bazan residential area Atlantic,
Gatun locks
Semaphore Hill Navy long-range radar and communications link 1979,
1995
Canopy Tower nature observatory[3] Inland, Culebra summit
Summit Navy Naval Communications Station Balboa, VLF (sender) Inland, Culebra summit
Fort Clayton Army HQ US Southern Command,
communications
1999 Ciudad del Saber academic campus, residential housing, schools Miraflores locks
Albrook AFS Air Force 1999 Albrook "Marcos A. Gelabert" International Airport (PAC
)
regional civil airport Pacific,
near Balboa
Arraijan Tank Farm Navy underground fuel storage with oil terminal at Rodham 1997 civil usage (PATSA) Pacific,
opposite Balboa
Rodman Naval Station Navy harbor (Formerly called Balboa Naval Station, Canal Zone) Vasco Nuñez de Balboa,
PSA Panama International Terminal
Panamanian National Maritime Service,
container terminal
Pacific,
opposite Balboa
Fort Amador Army coastal defense 1999 recreation, new hotel (2001) Pacific,
near Balboa
Naval Communications Station Balboa Navy HQ radio communications Pacific,
near Fort Amador
Farfan Navy Naval Communications Station Balboa (receiver) Radio Holland Panama marine communications Pacific,
near Howard AFB
Howard Air Force Base Air Force 1999 Panama Pacifico real estate (development) Pacific,
opposite Balboa
Fort Grant Army coastal defense 1948 Islas Naos, Penco, Flamenco tourism Pacific,
near Balboa
Fort Kobbe Army 2000 Pacific,
near Howard AFB
Transisthmian Pipeline Navy cross-isthmus

See also

References

  1. ^ William H. Ormsbee, Jr. (2009-01-30). "WHOs scroll". Retrieved 2012-12-09. 
  2. ^ "http://william_h_ormsbee.tripod.com/treaty_impact_military_p04.htm". Retrieved 2012-12-09. 
  3. ^ [1]

External links

  • http://william_h_ormsbee.tripod.com/
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