World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

List of Russian artists

Article Id: WHEBN0002546732
Reproduction Date:

Title: List of Russian artists  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of Russian-language novelists, List of Russian-language playwrights, List of Russian-language poets, Russian culture, List of Russian-language writers
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

List of Russian artists

This is a list of artists of the Russian Federation, Soviet Union, Russian Empire, Tsardom of Russia and Grand Duchy of Moscow, including ethnic Russians and people of other ethnicities living in Russia. This list also includes those who were born in Russia but later emigrated, and those who were born elsewhere but immigrated to the country and/or worked there for a significant period of time.

For the full plain list of Russian artists on WorldHeritage, see Category:Russian artists.

See also: List of Russian architects, List of Russian inventors, List of Russian explorers, List of Russian language writers, Russian culture

Alphabetical list


Portrait Person
Ivan Aivazovsky
seascape and landscape painter, portraitist
Storm, 1886
Fedor Alekseev
cityscape and landscape painter
Red Square in Moscow, 1801
The Foundling Hospital in Moscow
The view of Nikolaev
Nikolay Anokhin
still life and landscape painter
In the old house of Rakitins, 1998
A village, 2006
Chronos, 2007
Evgenia Antipova
portrait, genre, and still life painter
A Girl from Pereslavl, 1964
A Midday, 1982
Still life, 1964
Mark Antokolski
(portrait by Ilya Repin)
Aleksei Antropov
painter, portraitist
(self-portrait, 1784)
Ataman Krasnoschekov, 1761
Catherine II, 1760s
Unknown lady, 1760s
Ivan Argunov
painter, portraitist
(self-portrait, end of the 1750s)
Catherine II, 1762
Kalmyk girl Annushka, 1767
Unknown peasant girl, 1784


Portrait Person
Léon Bakst
painter, stage and costume designer
(self-portrait, 1893)
Terror Antiquus, 1908
Costume of Cléopâtre for Ida Rubinstein, 1909
Maria Bashkirtseva
(self-portrait, 1880)
The Studio, 1881
Autumn, 1883
The Meeting, 1884
Nikolai Baskakov
portrait, genre, and landscape painter
Lenin in Kremlin, 1960
Istanbul, 1968
Cool summer, 1978
Alexandre Benois
painter, stage designer
(portrait by Léon Bakst, 1898)
Illustration to Pushkin's Bronze Horseman, 1904
Set for Stravinsky's Petrushka, 1911
At the German Quarter, 1911
Ivan Bilibin
painter, illustrator, stage designer
(portrait by Boris Kustodiev, 1901)
Set for The Golden Cockerel, 1909
Ivan Tsarevich catching the Firebird's feather, 1899
Nikolai Bogdanov-Belsky
realist painter
(self-portrait, 1915)
Reading a letter, 1892
Counting in their heads, 1895
Victor Borisov-Musatov
symbolist painter
(self-portrait with sister, 1898)
Spring, 1898-1901
Daphnis and Chloe, 1901
The Pool, 1902
Vladimir Borovikovsky
painter, portraitist
(portrait by Bugaevsky-Blagodatny, a pupil of Borovikovsky)
Pavel I, 1800
Osip Braz
painter, portraitist
Portrait of Anton Chekhov, 1898
Zena, 1907
Portrait of painter Sergey Ivanov, 1903
Alexander Briullov
neoclassical architect and painter, portraitist
(self-portrait, 1830)
Castel Sant'Angelo in Rome, 1823-1826
E.M. Lvova, 1830s
Karl Bryullov
neoclassical painter
(self-portrait, 1848)
Italian midday, 1827
A horse rideress, 1832
Alexey Brodovitch
painter, illustrator, graphic designer, photographer
An ad for Athélia
The Bal Banal poster in Paris
Drawings done at Manhattan State Hospital
Feodor Bruni
neoclassical painter
(self-portrait, 1810s)
Maenad giving drink to Cupid, 1828
Z.A.Volkonskaya dressed as Tancredi, 1820s
Misha Brusilovsky
(self-portrait, 1998)
Football. 1965
Homo sapiens. 1973
Aggressia. 1975


Portrait Person
Marc Chagall
painter, illustrator, stained glass artist, stage designer, ceramics and tapestries designer
(portrait by Yehuda Pen)
The Fiddler, 1912
Windows of St. Stephen's church, Mainz, Germany, 1978
Mikhail Chapiro
artist, painter
Academician Lev Landau by Mikhail Chapiro, 1983
Kazimir Malevich by Mikhail Chapiro, 2004
Nikolay Chekhov
painter, illustrator
Portrait of Anton Chekhov
The Party at Sokolniki
The Young Widow at the Grave of Her Husband
Mihail Chemiakin
sculptor, painter, stage designer
Pavel Chistyakov
painter, arts teacher
(portrait by Chistyakov's pupil Ilya Repin)
Sophia of Lithuania at the Wedding of Vasily the Blind, 1861
Giovannina sitting by the window
Patriarch Hermogenes refuses to bless the Poles
Peter Clodt
The 3rd group of Anichkov Bridge, Saint Petersburg
Nicholas I on Isaac's Square, Saint Petersburg


Portrait Person
Vasily Demut-Malinovsky
neoclassical sculptor
Alexander Deyneka
social realist painter, graphic artist, sculptor
(c. 1440–1502)
medieval frescoe and icon-painter
Julia Dolgorukova
(b. 1962)
Russian painter
Mount Sober, 1990
Aksinyino, church, 1981
Red sea, 2006


Portrait Person
Stepan Erzia
Art Nouveau sculptor, woodcut artist
(a lithography by an Argentinian artist)
Mikhail Evstafiev
avante-garde painter, writer, photographer
Village under a dream sky
A photo of circus Chimes act (directed by Valentin Gneushev)
The sky over the city where we were happy, 2006


Portrait Person
Peter Carl Fabergé
Étienne Maurice Falconet
Rococo sculptor
Cupid menacing, 1757
Vladimir Favorsky
graphic designer, woodcut illustrator, stage designer, painter
(1920s photo)
Konstantin Flavitsky
neoclassical painter
(portrait by Fyodor Bronnikov, 1866)
Pharaoh's daughter finding baby Moses
Children of Jacob sell their brother Joseph, 1855
Pavel Fedotov
realist painter
Breakfast of an Aristocrate
Encore, again Encore!
Young widow, 1851


Portrait Person
Naum Gabo
constructivist sculptor, kinetic artist
Fountain by St Thomas' Hospital, London
Gestileerde bloem, a sculpture in Rotterdam
Nikolai Galakhov
(born 1928)
landscape painter
July on the Volga River, 1983
Sunny day in Kem town, 1985
Karelian birches, 1985
Fyodor Gavrilov
Nikolai Ge
history painter, realist, portraitist
(portrait by Nikolai Yaroshenko)
Peter the Great interrogating Tsarevich Alexei Petrovich at Peterhof Palace, 1871
Leo Tolstoy, 1882
Head of Jesus, 1893
Mikhail Gerasimov
archaeologist, anthropologist, forensic sculptor
Reconstruction of Tamerlane
Ivan Godlevsky
 Soviet Union

landscape painter
The fishing port of Gourzouf, Crimea
Ivan Godlevsky - Fisherman's boats
Ivan Godlevsky - Samarkand
Feofan Grek
(c. 1340 – c. 1410)
medieval frescoe and icon-painter
Elena Guro
futurist painter
Portrait of Mikhail Matyushin, 1903
Little Deer, 1908/09


Portrait Person
Alexei Harlamov
painter, portraitist
A Russian Beauty
Literary Pursuits of a Young Lady
The Flower Girls
Viktor Hartmann
painter, ornamentist, architect, Russian Revival style artist
Plan for a City Gate in Kiev
Naval Russia's pavilion at the 1873 World Fair, design


Portrait Person
Alexander Ivanov
neoclassical painter
(portrait by Sergey Postnikov)
The Appearance of Christ to Mary Magdalene, 1834-36
The Appearance of Christ before the People, 1836—57
Sergei Ivanov
history painter, realist, graphic artist, illustrator
(portrait by O.E. Braz, 1909)
Living of East Slavs
Monomachos' Princely Congress at Uvetichi
At the Southern Border of Muscovy
Anton Ivanov-Goluboy
neoclassical landscape painter
Italian peasants
Fishing Vessels off a Jetty, Kostroma, 1839


Portrait Person
Valery Jacobi
neoclassical and realist painter
Serene holiday of a beggar, 1860
Prisoners Stopping Place, 1861
Jesters at the Court of Empress Anna, 1872
Alexandre Jacovleff
neoclassical painter, draughtsman, designer, etcher
(self-portrait Arlecchino and Pierrot,1914)
Kabuki dancer


Portrait Person
Ilya Kabakov
conceptual installation artist, painter, illustrator
Installation in Münster, Germany
The fallen Chandelier in Zürich, Switzerland
Wordless, on the German-Dutch border
Wassily Kandinsky
abstractionist painter
Munich-Schwabing with the Church of St. Ursula, 1908
Composition VII, 1913
Mikhail Kaneev
cityscape and landscape painter
Kotelnichesky bridge, 1976
Pskov town, 1979
Nikolay Kasatkin
realist painter
Rival Ladies, 1890
Miner girl, 1894
Who?, 1897
Ivan Khrutsky
still life and genre painter, portraitist
(self-portrait, 1883)
Flowers and fruits
Portrait of a boy
Still life, 1839
Orest Kiprensky
romantic painter, portraitist
(self-portrait, 1828)
Yevgraf Davydov, 1809
Vyacheslav Klykov
monument sculptor
A bell-tower in Prokhorovka, monument to the Battle of Kursk
Boris Kocheishvili
painter and poet
Stepan Kolesnikoff (painter)
landscape painter
Sergei Arksentevich Kolyada
Russian painter, landscape artist, Russian avant-garde, portraitist
(Self Portrait, 1934)
Sergey Konenkov
(portrait by Pavel Korin)
Kore, 1912
Bather, 1917
The Poor, 1917
Pavel Korin
history painter, portraitist, art restorer
(1932 photo)
Alexander Nevsky, 1932, on 1967 post mark
Konstantin Korovin
impressionist painter
(portrait by Valentin Serov, 1891)
Two Ladies On a Terrace, 1911
Pier in Gurzuf, 1914
Mikhail Kozlovsky
neoclassical sculptor
Cupids, a draft
Samson fountain in Peterhof Palace, 1800-02
Ivan Kramskoi
painter, portraitist, arts critic
Unknown Woman, 1883
Arkhip Kuindzhi
landscape painter
(portrait by Viktor Vasnetsov, 1869)
The Ladoga Lake, 1873
A birch grove, 1879
Elbrus, 1890-1895
Boris Kustodiev
painter, stage designer
(self-portrait, 1912)
The Merchant's Wife, 1918
Bolshevik, 1920
Russian Venus, 1926


Portrait Person
Gennady Ladyzhensky
landscape painter
(Portrait by Nikolai Kuznetsov)
Landscape near Kologriv
Mikhail Larionov
avant-garde painter
(self-portrait, 1910)
Acacias in Spring, 1904
Red Rayonism, 1913
Klavdy Lebedev
history painter
Svyatoslav's meeting with Emperor John
Aristarkh Lentulov
avant-garde painter
(self-portrait, 1915)
Skybell (Nebozvon)
Portrait of Artist's Wife and Daughter
Alexey Leonov
cosmonaut and painter
Human spacewalk on 1972 post stamp (with Andrey Sokolov)
Lunokhod 1 on 1972 post stamp (with Andrey Sokolov)
Isaac Levitan
landscape painter
(self-portrait, 1880)
Birch Forest, 1885-1889
Over Eternal Peace, 1894
March, 1895
Rafail Levitsky
romantic, genre, impressionist painter, photographer
(portrait by Ilya Repin, 1878)
Bridge in the Woods, 1885-86
View of Mazzolada di Lison, Veneto, Italy, 1896
Morning Impression along a Canal in Venice, Veneto, Italy, 1896
Dmitry Levitzky
painter, portraitist
(self-portrait, 1783)
Prokofiy Demidov, 1773
Duchess Ursula Mniszech, 1782
El Lissitzky
avant-garde painter, photographer, typographer
(self-photo, 1924)
Proun, c. 1925
Vladimir Lisunov Vladimir Lisunov
nonconformist, mystic symbolist painter
The fugitive, 1976. Canvas, oil. 108x187.
Epiphany,1996. Canvas, oil. 90х118.
Forest visions, 1995. Canvas, oil. 60х81.
Mikhail Lomonosov
polymath, scientist, writer, artist
(portrait by L. S. Miropol'sky, 1787, after G. Prenner)
A ship model
Peter I mosaic, 1754
Battle of Poltava mosaic, 1762-64
Anton Losenko
neoclassical painter, portraitist
Vladimir and Rogneda, 1770


Portrait Person
Konstantin Makovsky
history painter, portraitist
(self-portrait, 1856)
Tamara and Demon, 1889
Proclamation of Kuzma Minin, 1896
Kazimir Malevich
suprematist avante-garde painter
(self-portrait, 1912)
Englishman in Moscow, 1914
Black Square, 1915
Mower, 1930
Sergey Malyutin
painter, folk artist, architect, portraitist
The first Russian matryoshka doll (carved by Zvyozdochkin), 1890
Pertsov Building design, Moscow, 1906-1910
Ivan Martos
neoclassical sculptor
(portrait by P.O. Rossi, 1813)
Minin and Pozharsky on Red Square, Moscow, 1918
Vladimir Mayakovsky
avante-garde poet, playwright and propaganda artist
(1912 photo)
Costumes draft for Mystery Buff, 1919
Leonid Mezheritski
landscape, still-life, portrait

(Self Portrait with Dog, 1968.
Art Museum Chernigov, Ukraine)
Beach of Bolshoi Fontan. 1961
Yevgeniy Migunov
Mikhail Mikeshin
neoclassical sculptor
(portrait by Ilya Repin, 1888)
Vera Mukhina
sculptor, social realist
(portrait by Mikhail Nesterov, 1940)


Portrait Person
Ernst Neizvestny
(left on photo, receiving Order of Honor from Vladimir Putin, 2000)
Lotus Flower at the Aswan Dam in Egypt, 1971
Alexey Novikov
painter-philosopher, member of Imperial Academy of Arts of Russia
Mikhail Nesterov
religious symbolist painter, portraitist
(portrait by Viktor Vasnetsov)
The Vision of the Youth Bartholomew, 1890–91
Holy Rus', 1901-06
Philosophers Pavel Florensky and Sergei Bulgakov, 1917
Gury Nikitin
(1620-25 – 1691)
fresco and icon-painter, illustrator
The head of John the Baptist, c. 1680
The feast of the Cross, c. 1680
Ivan Nikitin
painter, portraitist
Princess Elizabeth, 1712-1713
Hetman (Pavlo Polubotok?), 1720es
Peter the Great on the deathbed, 1725
Igor Novikov
painter, member of Imperial Academy of Arts of Russia


Portrait Person
Alexander Opekushin
monument sculptor, architecture decorator
Pushkin, Moscow, 1880
Karl Baer, Tartu, 1886
Boris Orlovsky
neoclassical monument sculptor
Sergei Osipov
landscape and still life painter
Cornflowers, 1976
A House with Arch, 1972
Early green, 1982


Portrait Person
Leonid Pasternak
post-impressionist painter, graphic artist, illustrator
(self-portrait, 1908)
Moscow in Winter, 1912
E. Levina, 1916
Andrew Pavlovsky
expressionist painter, graphic designer
The beloved, 1994
The blue bottle, 1998
Trees at the river, 2001
Vasily Perov
realist painter
Troika, 1866
The Hunters at Rest, 1871
A Governess Arriving at a Merchant's House
Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin
symbolist painter
Bathing of a Red Horse, 1912
On the Line of Fire, 1916
Petrograd Madonna, 1918
Vasily Polenov
landscape painter, realist
(portrait by Ilya Repin)
A courtyard in Moscow, 1878
Grandma's garden
Caesar's amusement
Andrei Popov
realist painter
An Eating House, 1859
Demyan's Fish Soup, 1865
Easter Fair in Tula, 1873
Liubov Popova
cubist abstractionist painter
Air+Man+Space, 1912
The Pianist, 1914
Portrait of a Philosopher, 1915
Vasili Pukirev
realist painter
The Unequal Marriage, 1862


Portrait Person
Charles Radoff
landscape painter, neo-impressionist
Ilya Repin
history painter, realist, portraitist
(self-portrait 1878)
What freedom!, 1903
Alexander Rodchenko
avante garde painter, sculptor, photographer, graphic designer
(1923 photo)
Dance, 1913
Nicholas Roerich
painter, philosopher, culture scientist, traveler, public figure
(portrait by Svetoslav Roerich, 1944)
Fyodor Rokotov
painter, portraitist
Count I. G. Orlov, c.1762-1765
Catherine II, 1770
Lady in a Pink Dress, 1770s
Andrei Rublev
(c. 1360–1430)
medieval frescoe and icon-painter
(Russian Icon of St. Andrei Rublev, holding one of his works)
Trinity, c. 1410
Lev Russov
portrait, genre, and still life painter
Portrait of wife, 1956
Little bow, 1960
Andrei Ryabushkin
history painter
(portrait by Vasiliy Mate)
Tsar Mikhail Feodorovich and the Boyar Duma, 1893
Merchant Family in the 17th century, 1896
A Young Man Breaking into the Girls' Dance, 1902


Portrait Person
Vasily Sadovnikov
perspective painter
Palace Square, c. 1847
Arch of the General Staff Building, 1956
Alexander Samokhvalov

easel and monumental painter, graphic artist, book illustrator
In the sun, 1953
Cafe Gurzuf, 1956
On the beach, 1964
Bogdan Saltanov
icon-painter, illustrator, portraitist
Cross of Kiy of the Crucifix church in Moscow Kremlin, 1670s
Feodor III of Russia (attribution disputed), 1685
Konstantin Savitsky
realist painter
Repairing the Railroad , 1874
Morning in a Pine Forest by Ivan Shishkin, 1886 (Savitsky wrote bears)
To the War, 1888
Alexei Savrasov
lyrical landscape painter
(portrait by Iosif Volkov)
The Rooks Have Come Back, 1871
Rasputitsa (Sea of Mud), 1894
Alexander Semionov
cityscape and landscape painter
Old Ladoga. Towards spring, 1972
Leningrad Theme, 1974
Zinaida Serebriakova
painter, social realist
(self-portrait At the Dressing-Table, 1909)
O.K. Lansere, 1910 (on 1988 post mark)
Valentin Serov
impressionist painter, portraitist
(self-portrait, 1880s)
The girl with peaches, 1887
The Kidnapping of Europe
Ivan Shadr
(c. 1930s photo)
Girl with an Oar, 1936
Silvestr Shchedrin
neoclassical landscape painter
(self-portrait, 1817)
Moon Night in Naples, 1828
Terrace of the Seashore, 1828
Taras Shevchenko
romantic poet and painter
(self-portrait, 1840)
Gypsy Fortune Teller, 1841
Illustration to poem Kateryna, 1842
Georgy Shishkin
Russian painter, portraitist, graphic artist, architect, stamp designers
400th anniversary of the reunification of the Russian nation. Russian Post, 2012.
Ivan Shishkin
landscape painter
(portrait by Ivan Kramskoi, 1880)
Rye Fields
Rain in an Oak Forest
Fedot Shubin
neoclassical sculptor
(self-portrait, here on 1955 Soviet post mark)
Antonio Rinaldi, medallion, 1782
Anatolii Ivanovich Sivkov
easel painter, graphic artist, stage designer
Konstantin Somov
painter, graphic artist, illustrator, portraitist
(self-portrait, 1898)
Alexander Blok's Theatre, 1909
A galant scene
Grigory Soroka
genre painter, portraitist
Dam in Spasskoye, Tambov Guberniya, 1840s
Peasant boy, 1840s
Reflection in a mirror, 1850s
Evgraf Semenovich Sorokin
painter, professor
Portrait by Vladimir Makovsky, 1891
Crucifixion of Christ, 1873
Rendezvous, 1858
Spanish Beggar Girl, 1852
Alexei Stepanov
genre painter
The Swing
Morning Greetings
Moose Herd
Vasily Surikov
history painter
March of Suvorov through the Alps, 1899


Portrait Person
Nikolai Timkov
landscape painter
A Morning, 1963
Torzhok town, 1968
Feodor Tolstoy
neoclassical painter, illustrator, medallion and wax-relief artist
(portrait by Sergey Zaryanko, 1850)
People's militia of 1812, 1816
Family portrait, 1830
An illustration to Dushenka, 1820-33
Nikolai Tomsky
monument sculptor
Nikolai Gogol, Moscow, 1952
Vasily Tropinin
romantic painter, portraitist
(self-portrait, 1844)
The Lace Maker, 1823
Woman in the window, 1841
Zurab Tsereteli
painter, sculptor, architect
(left on photo with Eunice Kennedy Shriver)
Israel Tsvaygenbaum
People Of Derbent, 1999
Duet, 2000
Abraham And Isaac, 2001


Portrait Person
Grigory Ugryumov
neoclassical history painter
The Trial of Strength of Jan Usmar, 1796-97
Vocation of Mikhail Romanov, before 1800
Capture of Kazan by Ivan the Terrible, before 1800
Yevgeny Ukhnalyov
painter, illustrator, designer, heraldic artist
Standard of the President of Russia
Star of the Order of Service to the Fatherland
Simon Ushakov
Saviour Not Made by Hands, 1658
Archangel Michael Trampling the Devil Underfoot, 1676
Last Supper, 1685


Portrait Person
Nina Tokhtaman Valetova
metaphysical realism, fantasy, and visionary painter
(self-portrait, 2010)
Claustrophobia, 2003
Lost Without a Trace, 2008
Ancient Epics of Ancestors, 2008
Feodor Vasilyev
lyrical landscape painter
(self-portrait, 1873)
After a Thunderstorm, 1868
Illumination in St. Petersburg, 1869
Wet Medow, 1872
Apollinary Vasnetsov
history painter, stage designer
(portrait by Viktor Vasnetsov, 1890)
Arrival of Rurik to Ladoga
Viktor Vasnetsov
mythology and history painter, Russian Revival style artist
(self-portrait, 1868)
Bogatyrs, 1898
Alexey Venetsianov
genre painter
(self-portrait, 1810)
Spring, On a plough-land, 1820s
Girl in a shawl
Vasily Vereshchagin
battle painter
The Apotheosis of War, 1871
Blowing from Guns in British India, 1884
Peace at all costs (Napoleon in Moscow)
Ivan Vishnyakov
A Girl with a Bird
Sarah Eleonor Fermor, 1750
Mikhail Vrubel
symbolist painter
(self-portrait, 1885)
Demon Sitting, 1890
Pearl oyster, 1904
Yevgeny Vuchetich
monument sculptor
Soviet War Memorial in Berlin, 1946-49


Portrait Person
Marianne von Werefkin
avante-garde expressionist painter
(self-portrait, c. 1910)
Autumn. School, 1907
A Red City, 1909
Constantin Alexandrovich Westchiloff
impressionist painter


Portrait Person
Nikolai Yaroshenko
realist, genre and landscape painter, portraitist
(self-portrait, 1895)
Gipsy Woman, 1886
On Swing, 1888
Konstantin Yuon
painter, stage designer
Troitse-Sergiyeva Lavra from Vokzalnaya Street, 1911
Rostov the Great in Winter, 1906


Portrait Person
Pyotr Zakharov-Chechenets
painter, portraitist
(self-portrait, 1842)
Children of Pyotr Yermolov, 1839
Karp Zolotaryov
(fl. last quarter of the 17th century)
icon-painter, interior designer, wood carver
Holy martyrs Faith, Hope and Charity and their mother Sophia, 1685
Alexey Zubov
(1682 – c. 1750)
Swedish Ships Brought to Saint Petersburg after the Battle of Gangut, 1715
View of Catherinehof, 1716
Battle of Grengam, end of the 1720s

See also

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.