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Joe Sacco

Joe Sacco
Joe Sacco with 1st BN, 23rd Marines in Haditha Dam, Iraq in 2005
Born (1960-10-02) October 2, 1960
Kirkop,[1] Malta
Occupation
Nationality  Malta/ United States
Alma mater University of Oregon
Genre
Notable works

Joe Sacco (born October 2, 1960) is a Maltese-American cartoonist and journalist. He is best known for his comics journalism, in particular in the books Palestine (1996) and Footnotes in Gaza (2009), on Israeli–Palestinian relations; and Safe Area Goražde (2000) and The Fixer (2003) on the Bosnian War.

Contents

  • Biography 1
  • Bibliography 2
    • Comic books 2.1
      • Solo 2.1.1
      • Editor 2.1.2
    • Books 2.2
      • Solo 2.2.1
      • As illustrator 2.2.2
  • Awards 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • Further reading 6
  • External links 7

Biography

Sacco was born in Malta on October 2, 1960.[2] His father was an engineer and his mother was a teacher.[3] At the age of one, he moved with his family to Melbourne, Australia,[4] where he spent his childhood until 1972, when they moved to Los Angeles.[2] He began his journalism career working on the Sunset High School newspaper in Beaverton, Oregon. While journalism was his primary focus, this was also the period of time in which he developed his penchant for humor and satire. He graduated from Sunset High in 1978.

Sacco earned his BBC.[5]

He began working for a local publisher writing guidebooks.[4] Returning to his fondness for comics, he wrote a Maltese romance comic named Imħabba Vera ("True Love"), one of the first art-comics in the Maltese language. "Because Malta has no history of comics, comics weren't considered something for kids," he told The Village Voice. "In one case, for example, the girl got pregnant and she went to Holland for an abortion. Malta is a Catholic country where, at the time, not even divorce was allowed. It was unusual, but it's not like anyone raised a stink about it, because they had no way of judging whether this was appropriate material for comics or not."[6]

Eventually returning to the United States, by 1985 Sacco had founded a satirical, alternative comics magazine called Portland Permanent Press in Portland, Oregon. When the magazine folded fifteen months later, he took a job at The Comics Journal as the staff news writer.[7] This job provided the opportunity for him to create and edit another satire: the comics anthology Centrifugal Bumble-Puppy [8] (a name he took from an overly-complicated children's toy in Aldous Huxley's Brave New World), published by The Comics Journal's parent company Fantagraphics Books.

But Sacco was more interested in travelling. In 1988, he left the U.S. again to travel across Europe, a trip which he chronicled in his autobiographical comic Yahoo (also published by Fantagraphics).[8] The trip led him towards the ongoing Gulf War (his obsession with which he talks about in Yahoo #2), and in 1991 he found himself nearby to research the work he would eventually publish as Palestine.

The Gulf War segment of Yahoo drew Sacco into a study of Middle Eastern politics, and he traveled to Israel and the Palestinian territories to research his first long work. Palestine was a collection of short and long pieces, some depicting Sacco's travels and encounters with Palestinians (and several Israelis), and some dramatizing the stories he was told. It was serialized as a comic book from 1993 to 1995 and then published in several collections, the first of which won an American Book Award in 1996 and sold more than 30,000 copies in the UK.[9]

Sacco next travelled to Sarajevo and Goražde near the end of the Bosnian War, and produced a series of reports in the same style as Palestine: the comics Safe Area Goražde, The Fixer, and the stories collected in War's End; the financing for which was aided by his winning of the Guggenheim Fellowship in April 2001.[8][10] Safe Area Goražde won the Eisner Award for Best Original Graphic Novel in 2001.

He has also contributed short pieces of graphic reportage to a variety of magazines, on subjects ranging from war crimes to Khan Younis and Rafah in November 1956.[11] In June 2012, a book on poverty in the United States, Days Of Destruction, Days Of Revolt, co-written with journalist Chris Hedges, was published.[12]

Sacco currently lives in Portland, Oregon.[8]

Bibliography

Comic books

Solo

Editor

  • 1987–1988: Centrifugal Bumble-Puppy Fantagraphics Books

Books

Solo

As illustrator

Awards

In addition to his 1996 American Book Award, 2001 Guggenheim Fellowship, and 2001 Eisner Award, Sacco's Footnotes in Gaza was nominated for the 2009 Los Angeles Times Book Prize Graphic Novel award.[13] Sacco was awarded the 2010 Ridenhour Book Prize for Footnotes in Gaza.[14] He was award the 2012 Oregon Book Award for Footnotes in Gaza[15] and 2014 Oregon Book Award Finalist for Journalism.[16]

See also

References

  1. ^ Randy Duncan and Matthew J. Smith (eds.), Icons of the American Comic Book, Vol. 1, ABC-CLIO, 2013, p. 638
  2. ^ a b Drawn and Quarterly (2004). Joe Sacco: Biography. URL accessed on April 24, 2006.
  3. ^ a b Duncan Campbell (October 23, 2003). 'I do comics, not graphic novels'. The Guardian. URL accessed April 26, 2006.
  4. ^ a b c Read Yourself RAW. Profile: Joe Sacco. URL accessed April 25, 2006.
  5. ^ Ben Arnold (August 27, 2004). Telephone interview with Joe Sacco (.ram file, source: Interview with Joe Sacco). BBC. URL accessed April 26, 2006.
  6. ^ Hillary Chute (July 19, 2005). Stand Up Comics. Village Voice. URL accessed April 26, 2006.
  7. ^ Gary Groth (October 4, 2001). Joe Sacco, Frontline Journalist: Why Sacco went to Gorazde. The Comics Journal (a magazine owned and operated by Fantagraphics Books). URL accessed on April 26, 2006.
  8. ^ a b c d Fantagraphics Books. Joe Sacco. URL accessed on April 25, 2006.
  9. ^ Eyeglass in Gaza Interview in "The Guardian".
  10. ^ Guggenheim Foundation 2001 Fellows Page, Guggenheim Foundation (2001). URL accessed October 7, 2006.
  11. ^ Cooke, Rachel (November 22, 2009). "Eyeless in Gaza".  
  12. ^ "Chris Hedges - Lannan Foundation". Lannan.org. Retrieved 2012-10-15. 
  13. ^ "2009 Los Angeles Times Book Prize Finalists".  
  14. ^ "Joe Sacco: 2010 Recipient of The Ridenhour Book Prize," Ridenhour website. Accessed Aug. 26, 2011.
  15. ^ [3]
  16. ^ [4]

Further reading

  • Marshall, Monica (2005). Joe Sacco. The Rosen Publishing Group.  

External links

Cartoons by Sacco
  • 2006 report on military action in Iraq, The Guardian
  • 2005 report on military action in Iraq, The Guardian
  • On Satire – a response to the Charlie Hebdo attacks (January 2015), The Guardian
Biographies
  • Joe Sacco at the Grand Comics Database
  • Joe Sacco at the Comic Book DB
  • Fantagraphics Books: Joe Sacco
  • Joe Sacco Biography From Fantagraphics
  • Harpers magazine piece
  • An Evening With Joe Sacco in Los Angeles
Interviews
  • Footnotes in GazaJoe Sacco on - Interview on the 7th Avenue Project radio show
  • PalestineJoe Sacco on - Interview by Al Jazeera English
  • Brueghel in Bosnia Interview in L.A. Weekly.
  • The Art Of War Interview in Mother Jones.
  • Joe Sacco, Man of the World Audio interview on mp3 from The Crown Commission.
  • Interview with Joe Sacco - interview on Weekend America
  • Interview with Joe Sacco on bdtheque.com for the release of Footnotes in Gaza.
  • Eyeglass in Gaza Interview in "The Guardian".
  • Joe Sacco in conversation with Hillary Chute - Interview in The Believer
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