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Jack Lew

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Jack Lew

Jack Lew
76th United States Secretary of the Treasury
Assumed office
February 28, 2013
President Barack Obama
Deputy Neal Wolin
Mary Miller
Sarah Bloom Raskin
Preceded by Timothy Geithner
26th White House Chief of Staff
In office
January 27, 2012 – January 25, 2013
President Barack Obama
Preceded by William Daley
Succeeded by Denis McDonough
Director of the Office of Management and Budget
In office
November 18, 2010 – January 27, 2012
President Barack Obama
Preceded by Jeffrey Zients (Acting)
Succeeded by Jeffrey Zients (Acting)
In office
May 21, 1998 – January 19, 2001
President Bill Clinton
Preceded by Franklin Raines
Succeeded by Mitch Daniels
Deputy Secretary of State for Management and Resources
In office
January 28, 2009 – November 18, 2010
President Barack Obama
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Thomas Nides
Personal details
Born Jacob Joseph Lew
(1955-08-29) August 29, 1955
New York, New York, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Ruth Schwartz
Children 2
Alma mater Carleton College
Harvard University
Georgetown University
Religion Orthodox Judaism
Signature (money)

Jacob Joseph "Jack" Lew (born August 29, 1955) is an American government administrator and attorney who is the 76th and current United States Secretary of the Treasury, serving since 2013. He served as the 26th White House Chief of Staff from 2012 to 2013. Lew previously served as Director of the Office of Management and Budget in the Clinton and Obama Administrations, and is a member of the Democratic Party.

Born in Special Assistant to the President. In 1994 Lew served as Associate Director for Legislative Affairs and Deputy Director of the Office of Management and Budget, where he served as Director of that agency from 1998 to 2001 and from 2010 to 2012. After leaving the Clinton Administration, Lew worked as the Executive Vice President for Operations at New York University from 2001 to 2006, and as the COO at Citigroup from 2006 to 2008. Lew then served as the first Deputy Secretary of State for Management and Resources, from 2009 to 2010.

On January 10, 2013, Lew was nominated as the replacement for retiring Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner, to serve in President Barack Obama's second term.[1] On February 27, 2013, the Senate confirmed Lew for the position. He was sworn in the following day.


  • Early life, education, and early career 1
  • Clinton administration 2
  • Between Clinton and Obama tenures 3
  • Obama administration 4
    • Deputy Secretary of State 4.1
    • Budget director 4.2
    • Chief of Staff 4.3
    • Secretary of the Treasury 4.4
  • Religion 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Early life, education, and early career

Lew was born in

Political offices
Preceded by
Franklin Raines
Director of the Office of Management and Budget
Succeeded by
Mitch Daniels
New office Deputy Secretary of State for Management and Resources
Succeeded by
Thomas Nides
Preceded by
Jeffrey Zients
Director of the Office of Management and Budget
Succeeded by
Jeffrey Zients
Preceded by
William Daley
White House Chief of Staff
Succeeded by
Denis McDonough
Preceded by
Neal Wolin
United States Secretary of the Treasury
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
David Souter
as Retired Associate Justice
Order of Precedence of the United States
as Secretary of the Treasury
Succeeded by
Ashton Carter
as Secretary of Defense
United States presidential line of succession
Preceded by
John Kerry
as Secretary of State
5th in line
as Secretary of the Treasury
Succeeded by
Ashton Carter
as Secretary of Defense
  • About the Secretary-U.S. Department of the Treasury
  • Chief of Staff Jack Lew at The White House
  • Appearances on C-SPAN

External links

  1. ^ a b Jackie Calmes (January 10, 2013). "Lew Would Complete Transformation of Obama’s Economic Team".  
  2. ^ "Homecoming". June 27, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Trusted Aide to Obama Faces Test in Budget Showdown". The New York Times. December 1, 2012. 
  4. ^ Luke Johnson (January 9, 2012). "Jack Lew Biography: Meet The New White House Chief Of Staff".  
  5. ^ "Biographical information on Jack Lew".  
  6. ^ "Incoming White House Chief of Staff Jack Lew like Rahm sans %@#!".  
  7. ^ "Biographical information on Jack Lew".  
  8. ^ a b Cook, Nancy (9 January 2013). "Jack Lew: The Man Who Could Save Obama's Legacy".  
  9. ^ "Van Ness Feldman Congratulates Jack Lew on His Anticipated Nomination to Serve as Head of the White House Office of Management and Budget". VNF. July 13, 2010. Archived from the original on May 13, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Thompson Schedules Nomination Hearing on Jacob J. Lew". May 28, 1998. Archived from the original on July 6, 2012. 
  11. ^ Pear, Robert (November 15, 2008). "Jacob J. Lew". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 4, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Obama's New Chief of Staff Third Gu Alumnus to Serve in Post".  
  13. ^ """Lew, Jacob J. "Jack. Our Campaigns. January 26, 2012. Archived from the original on October 10, 2013. 
  14. ^ "The White House Office of the Press Secretary". Houston, Texas:  
  15. ^ "A Look at the New White House Chief of Staff Jack Lew".  
  16. ^ "President Clinton Announces OMB Director Raines' Departure". April 14, 1998. Archived from the original on July 26, 2001. 
  17. ^ "OMB's Organization". Archived from the original on July 24, 2001. 
  18. ^ "Nat'l Security Team Additions".  
  19. ^ Eidelson, Josh. "Jack Lew’s union-busting past".  
  20. ^ James Freeman (January 30, 2013). "What Did Lew Do at NYU?". The Wall Street Journal. 
  21. ^ Kaminer, Ariel. "NYU will cease loans to top employees for second homes". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 26, 2013. Retrieved August 16, 2013. 
  22. ^ "Flashback: Lew's Time at Citi And Other Disappointments".  
  23. ^ "From the Citi to the Caymans". WSJ News. February 12, 2012. Retrieved February 12, 2013. 
  24. ^  
  25. ^ "Director Jack Lew Blogs About CYNY". January 18, 2011. Archived from the original on January 26, 2011. 
  26. ^ "White House Chief of Staff Jack Lew to Keynote December 16 Convocation; Stanley Raskas, Moise Safra and Diane Wassner to be Honored".  
  27. ^ "Obama National Security Team Takes Shape".  
  28. ^ "Obama Names Steinberg, Lew State Department Deputies".  
  29. ^ "Senior Officials".  
  30. ^ Long, Emily (July 15, 2009). "State Department launches quadrennial review".  
  31. ^ "President Obama Announces His Intent to Nominate Jacob Lew as OMB Director". The White House. July 13, 2010. Archived from the original on July 13, 2010. 
  32. ^ Nasiripour, Shahien (September 21, 2010). "Jacob Lew, Obama Nominee And Former Citigroup Executive, Doesn't Believe Deregulation Led To Financial Crisis". The Huffington Post. 
  33. ^ "'"Matt Taibbi & Bill Black: Obama's New Treasury Secretary a 'Failure of Epic Proportions.  
  34. ^ Wasson, Erik (February 14, 2011). "Obama 2012 budget proposes $1.1T deficit cut over next decade". The Hill. Archived from the original on November 5, 2013. Retrieved November 14, 2012. 
  35. ^ "Obama’s OMB Channels its Inner Tea Party". New Economic Perspectives. December 27, 2012. Archived from the original on January 3, 2013. 
  36. ^ Lew, Jacob (February 14, 2011). "The 2012 Budget". The Huffington Post. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  37. ^ "Obama chief of staff Bill Daley steps down, budget chief Jack Lew steps up".  
  38. ^ "The new WH Chief of Staff and Citigroup". Salon. January 10, 2012. Archived from the original on January 11, 2012. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  39. ^ "Are These Examples of Washington Corruption?". Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  40. ^ "OMB nominee got $900,000 after Citigroup bailout". July 28, 2010. Archived from the original on August 2, 2010. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  41. ^ Lipton, Eric (February 11, 2009). "Advisers’ Citigroup Ties Raise Questions". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 4, 2014. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  42. ^ "BUSTED: Obama's New Budget Chief Got A $900K Bonus From Citigroup After It Got A Bailout".  
  43. ^ Bray, Chad (December 5, 2012). "Citigroup Inc.". International New York Times. Archived from the original on March 17, 2007. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  44. ^ "Likely Treasury Secretary Under Fire for Signature".  
  45. ^ Rachel Weiner (January 10, 2013). "Obama mocks Lew’s signature".  
  46. ^ Goldfarb, Zachary A. (June 18, 2013). "Treasury Secretary Jack Lew unveils new signature after quibbles with his scribble". The Washington Post ( 
  47. ^ Nomination of Jacob J. Lew: Hearing Before the Committee on Finance, United States Senate, One Hundred Thirteenth Congress, First Session, on the Nomination of Jacob J. Lew, to be Secretary, Department of the Treasury, February 13, 2013
  48. ^ Kelsey Snell (February 26, 2013). "Senate Finance approves Jack Lew nomination for Treasury".  
  49. ^ "Grassley Says Lew's Ignorance of Ugland House 'Does not Build Confidence'". Tax Notes Today. February 13, 2013. p. 2013 TNT 31-26. 
  50. ^ "From the Citi to the Caymans". WSJ News. February 12, 2012. Retrieved February 21, 2013. 
  51. ^ Timothy W. Coleman (February 16, 2013). "Politically inconvenient taxation". Washington Times Communities. Archived from the original on February 17, 2013. Retrieved February 18, 2013. 
  52. ^ "Jack Lew Gets Enough Senate Votes to Be Confirmed as Treasury Secretary". CNBC. Archived from the original on March 4, 2013. Retrieved February 27, 2013. 
  53. ^ Annie Lowrey (December 19, 2013). "Congress Is Warned Anew Not to Breach Debt Ceiling".  
  54. ^ "Georgetown Announces Speakers for 2014 Commencement". Georgetown University. May 1, 2014. Retrieved May 1, 2014. 
  55. ^ a b c Wagner, Ellis, White House Correspondent, "Clinton's Budget Brain Returning to OMB Helm," Politics Daily, July 16, 2010, retrieved February 5, 2012.
  56. ^ "Obama names Jack Lew new chief of staff".  
  57. ^ Hoffman, Allison (April 3, 2013). "A School for D.C.'s Jewish Elite". Baltimore Jewish Life. Retrieved December 2, 2014. 
  58. ^ Donn, Yochonon. "'"Jack Lew: Liberal Jew, White House's First 'Gabbai. Hamodia. Retrieved January 3, 2013. 
  59. ^ Gibson, David (January 10, 2012). "New White House Staffers, Cecille Munoz and Jacob Lew, Have Strategic Catholic, Jewish Ties".  


A 2011 press release from the Religion News Service noted that Lew also "has extensive connections in the American Jewish community," and that he might be able to help President Obama "build a more friendly rapport" with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.[59]

Interviewed in a 2010 article, Lew's former boss on the National Security Council, Sandy Berger, commented that "Lew's faith never got in the way of performing his duties."[55] Berger also said that Lew's commitment to his family was also extremely important, but that Lew "was able to balance the requirements, which was very, very hard – and he was determined to observe his religious traditions."[55]

Lew is an Orthodox Jew who observes the Jewish Sabbath [55][56] and has attended Beth Sholom Congregation in Potomac, Maryland, Kesher Israel Congregation in Washington, D.C.[57] and the Hebrew Institute of Riverdale in the Bronx, New York.[58]


In May 2014, Lew received an Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters from McCourt School of Public Policy.[54]

In December 2013, Lew said that the government might run out of cash to pay the country’s bills by late February or early March 2014. That sets up yet another showdown in Congress over raising or suspending the debt limit, a statutory limit on the total amount of United States borrowing, early in the year. “The creditworthiness of the United States is an essential underpinning of our strength as a nation; it is not a bargaining chip to be used for partisan political ends,” Mr. Lew said in the letter. “Increasing the debt limit does not authorize new spending commitments. It simply allows the government to pay for expenditures Congress has already approved.”[53]

On February 27, 2013, the full Senate voted and approved Lew for Secretary of the Treasury 71–26. He was sworn into office on February 28.[52]

During his confirmation hearings before the Senate Finance Committee, Senator Chuck Grassley expressed concern that Lew did not know what Ugland House was, though he had invested in it.[49] Lew had invested heavily in funds in Ugland House while he worked as an investment banker at Citigroup during the 2008 financial meltdown.[50] He had taken advantage of current tax law and his financial allocation in the venture resulted in Lew taking roughly a 2.8% loss, a $1,582 decrease in his investment principal.[51]

On January 10, 2013, President Obama nominated Lew for the position of Secretary of the Treasury.[1] The nomination became the subject of some humorous commentary, due to Lew's unusual loopy signature, which would have appeared on all U.S. paper currency for the duration of his tenure;[44] the signature generated enough media attention that Obama joked at a press conference that he had considered rescinding his nomination when he learned of it.[45] Lew later adopted a more conventional signature for currency.[46] The Senate Finance Committee held confirmation hearings for Lew on February 13, 2013,[47] and approved his nomination 19–5 on February 26, 2013, sending his nomination to the full Senate.[48]

Lew is sworn as Secretary of the Treasury by Vice President Joe Biden in the Oval Office of the White House, February 28, 2013.
Lew's new money signature

Secretary of the Treasury

Lew's Old Signature

During his tenure as Chief of Staff, Lew was seen as a supporter and top negotiator for a "grand bargain" deal between President Obama and House Speaker John Boehner, to avoid "Fiscal cliff" sequester cuts and tax increases.[8]

On January 9, 2012, President Obama announced that Lew would replace William M. Daley as White House Chief of Staff.[37] Lew's nomination was followed with criticism[38][39][40][41] after renewed reports that he received over $900,000 in bonuses while working at Citigroup, which had been rescued with $45 billion from the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) after losing $27.7 billion, or 90% of its value.[42][43]

Chief of Staff

In an op-ed in the Huffington Post, Lew cited top Administration priorities to achieve deficit reduction; including: $400 billion in savings from non-security discretionary spending freezes, $78 billion in cuts to the Department of Defense, returning to the Clinton-era tax rates for the top 2% of income earners, and lowering the Corporate tax from 35% to 25%.[36]

Lew meeting with President Barack Obama and the Legislative Affairs Director Rob Nabors

The $3.7 trillion 2011 budget President Obama unveiled the administration estimated reductions to federal spending deficits by $1.1 trillion over the next decade if adopted and economic assumptions were fully achieved. Two-thirds of the that estimated reduction would come from spending cuts through a 5-year freeze in discretionary spending first announced in Obama’s 2011 State of the Union address, as well as savings to mandatory programs such as Medicare and lower interest payments on the debt that would result from the lower spending. Tax increases are responsible for the other third of the reduction, including a cap on itemized reductions for wealthier taxpayers and the elimination of tax breaks for oil and gas companies.[34] Economist and former financial fraud investigator William K. Black warned that the OMB budget statement prepared under Lew's direction was "an ode to austerity," and that austerity would force the U.S. economy back into recession.[35]

On November 18, 2010, Lew was confirmed by the Senate by unanimous consent.

On July 13, 2010, the White House announced that Lew had been chosen to replace Peter Orszag as Director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), subject to Senate confirmation.[31] During confirmation hearings in the Senate, in response to questioning by Senator Bernie Sanders (I-VT), Lew said that he did not believe deregulation was a "proximate cause" of the financial crisis of 2007–2008: Lew told the panel that "the problems in the financial industry preceded deregulation," and after discussing those issues, added that he didn't "personally know the extent to which deregulation drove it, but I don't believe that deregulation was the proximate cause."[32][33]

Budget director

As Deputy Secretary of State for Management and Resources, Lew was the State Department's chief operating officer and was primarily responsible for resource issues, while James Steinberg, who also served as Deputy Secretary of State during that period was responsible for policy.[28][29] Lew was co-leader of the State Department's Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review.[30]

Lew with former Chair of the Joint Chiefs Admiral Mike Mullen at the Combined Press Information Center in Baghdad, July 27, 2010.

Deputy Secretary of State

Obama administration

Lew co-chaired the Advisory Board for City Year New York.[25] He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, the Brookings Institution Hamilton Project Advisory Board, and the National Academy of Social Insurance.[26] Lew is also a member of the bar in Massachusetts and the District of Columbia.[27]

In June 2006, Lew was named chief operating officer of Citigroup's Alternative Investments unit, a proprietary trading group. The unit he oversaw invested in a hedge fund "that bet on the housing market to collapse."[22] During his work at Citigroup, Lew had invested heavily in funds in Ugland House while he worked as an investment banker at Citigroup during the 2008 financial meltdown.[23] Lew also had oversight of Citigroup subsidiaries in countries including, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, and Hong Kong; and during his time at Citigroup, Citigroup subsidiaries in the Cayman Islands increased to 113.[24]

[21] After leaving public office in the Clinton administration, Lew served as the Executive Vice President for Operations at

Between Clinton and Obama tenures

President Clinton nominated Lew to be Director of the OMB,[16] and the United States Senate confirmed him for that job on July 31, 1998.[17] He served in that capacity until the end of the Clinton administration in January 2001. As OMB Director, Lew had the lead responsibility for the Clinton Administration’s policies on budget, management, and appropriations issues. As a member of the Cabinet and senior member of the economic team, he advised the President on a broad range of domestic and international policies. He represented the Administration in budget negotiations with Congress and served as a member of the National Security Council.

Lew left the White House in October 1994 to work as OMB's Executive Associate Director and Associate Director for Legislative Affairs.[14] From August 1995 until July 1998, Lew served as Deputy Director of OMB.[15] There, Lew was chief operating officer responsible for day-to-day management of a staff of 500. He had crosscutting responsibilities to coordinate Clinton administration efforts on budget and appropriations matters. He frequently served as a member of the Administration negotiating team, including regarding the Balanced Budget Act of 1997.

From February 1993 to 1994, Lew served as Special Assistant to the President under President Clinton.[12] Lew was responsible for policy development and the drafting of the national service initiative (AmeriCorps) and health care reform legislation.[13]

Clinton administration

Lew practiced as an attorney for five years as a partner at Van Ness Feldman and Curtis.[9] His practice dealt primarily with electric power generation. He has also worked as Executive Director of the Center for Middle East Research, Issues Director for the Democratic National Committee's Campaign 88, and Deputy Director of the Office of Program Analysis in the city of Boston's Office of Management and Budget.[10][11]

He worked as an aide to Rep. Joe Moakley (D-Mass.) from 1974 to 1975.[6] In 1979, he was a senior policy adviser to House Speaker Tip O'Neill.[7] Under O'Neill he served at the House Democratic Steering and Policy Committee as Assistant Director and then Executive Director, and was responsible for work on domestic and economic issues including Social Security, Medicare, budget, tax, trade, appropriations, and energy issues.[8]


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