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Islands of New Zealand

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Title: Islands of New Zealand  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Geography of New Zealand, D'Urville Island, New Zealand, Great Barrier Island, South Island, Hamilton, New Zealand, Taupo, Manukau City, Invercargill, Riverton, New Zealand, Lincoln, New Zealand
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Islands of New Zealand

New Zealand consists of a large number of islands. The two main islands, which are much larger than the rest and where most of the population lives, are the North Island, or Te Ika-a-Māui, and the South Island, or Te Waipounamu. The latter is often referred to as the "mainland", especially by its residents, it being somewhat larger but having a lower population, although in general practice, the mainland refers to both North Island and South Island as opposed to the smaller offshore islands. Stewart Island/Rakiura is by far the biggest of the smaller islands, although Waiheke Island has the largest population of the smaller islands.

The following is a list of some of the islands of New Zealand:

Listed by size

The following table lists the largest islands of New Zealand by size. The Cook Islands, Niue, Tokelau, and islands of the Ross Dependency are excluded. Delta islands such as Rakaia Island (25.7 km2),[1] Fereday Island, Rangitata Island, and Inch Clutha (approximately 15 km2, 30 km2, and 35 km2 respectively) are also currently omitted, as are temporary islands in braided river channels and tidal islands such as Rabbit Island, Nelson (17 km2). The country's largest island within a lake, Pomona Island, has an area of just 2.6 km2.[2]

Rank English name Māori name km2  % of NZ Area Population
1 South Island Te Waipounamu, Te Wahi Pounamu, Te Waka-a-Māui, Te Waka o Aoraki 151,215 56.2% 1,048,200
2 North Island Te Ika-a-Māui 113,729 42.3% 3,422,000
3 Stewart Island Rakiura 1,746 0.6% 400
4 Chatham Island Rekohu (Moriori); Wharekauri (Māori) 900 0.3% 600
5 Auckland Island Motu Maha 510 0.2% 0
6 Great Barrier Island Aotea 285 0.1% 850
7 Resolution Island Taumoana 208 0.1% 0
8 d'Urville Island Rangitoto Ki Te Tonga 150 <0.1% About 52[3]
9 Campbell Island Motu Ihupuku 115 <0.1% 0
10 Adams Island 100 <0.1% 0
11 Waiheke Island 92 <0.1% 7,700
12 Secretary Island Rangitoa 81 <0.1% 0
13 Arapawa Island 75 <0.1% 50
14 Pitt Island Rangiaotea (Moriori) or Rangiauria (Maori) 62 <0.1%
15 Matakana Island 60 <0.1% 225
16 Raoul Island Rangitahua 29.4 <0.1% 6
17 Little Barrier Island Hauturu 28 0
18 Rangitoto Island 23.1 0
19 Antipodes Island 20 0
20 Kapiti Island 19.7 0
21 Kawau Island 19 81
22 Long Island Motu Roa 18.8 0
23 Cooper Island Ure Toto 17.8 0
24 Ponui Island 17.7 0
25 Great Mercury Island Ahuahu 17.2 0
26 Ruapuke Island 16 0
27 Anchor Island Puke Nui 15.2 0
28 Motutapu Island 15.1 0
29 Codfish Island Whenua Hou 14 0
30 Mayor Island Tuhua 13 0
31 Coal Island Te Puka-Hereka 11.6 0
32 Motiti Island 10 27
33 Big South Cape Island Taukihepa 9.4 0

In harbours and the open sea

In rivers and lakes


New Zealand also administers the following islands outside the main archipelago. Only the Chatham Islands have a permanent population although others also did in the past. Others host visitors for science, conservation, meteorological observation and tourism.

The New Zealand sub-antarctic islands are considered World Heritage Sites.

Realm of New Zealand

The following islands are part of the Realm of New Zealand, but are not part of New Zealand proper:

Territorial claims

New Zealand also claims the Ross Dependency in Antarctica, including:

See also


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