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Isfara

Isfara
Исфара
A sign welcoming travellers to Isfara
A sign welcoming travellers to Isfara
Isfara is located in Tajikistan
Isfara
Coordinates:
Country  Tajikistan
Province Sughd
District Isfara
Incorporated 1933
Government
 • Mayor Muhiba Yakubova
Area
 • Total 832 km2 (321 sq mi)
Elevation 863 m (2,831 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total 40,600
Postcode 735920

Isfara (Tajik: Исфара, Persian: اسفره‎‎) is a city in Sughd Province in northern Tajikistan, situated on the border with Kyrgyzstan. It has a population of 40,600 (2008 est.).[1] The city is the capital of the Isfara district.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Demographics 2
  • Geography 3
    • Climate 3.1
  • Economy 4
  • See also 5
  • External links 6
  • References 7

History

Babur and his army assaults the fortress of Ibrāhīm Sārū, during the Siege of Isfara.

Isfara is one of the oldest ancient towns in Central Asia, its first name was Asbara. The town is mentioned in Tabari's history from the 10th century, when it was an important stop on the northern branch of the Silk Road. Around 20 km south of the town centre in Churku village, the mausoleum Hazrati Shoh Mausoleum,[2] is carved from wood, partly dating back to the 8th century,[3] a structure that is unique in Central Asia. By the 11th and 12th centuries Isfara had a developed economy, and it was considered by Babur (1482-1530) to be one of the region's main towns. The 16th century saw the construction of large public buildings, notably mosques and medreseh. In the 17th century Isfara was part of the Kokand Khanate.

Demographics

The population of Isfara is mostly Tajik.

Year Population Type
1989 34,500 census
2000 37,000 census
2008 40,600 estimate[1]

Geography

Isfara is situated near the border junction of three independent states Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan, at a height of 863m above sea level. Its territory is 832 km².

Climate

The Köppen Climate Classification sub-type classification for Isfara is "Bwk" or a Tropical and Subtropical Desert Climate. The average temperature is 11.8°C (53.2°F) with the warmest month being July with an average temperature of 25°C (77°F) and the coldest month being January with an average temperature of -2.7°C (27.1°F). The average amount of precipitation is 544.6mm (21.4") and there are on average 74.3 days of participation.[4]

Climate data for Isfara
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.7
(27.1)
−0.6
(30.9)
6.2
(43.2)
13.6
(56.5)
18.3
(64.9)
22.9
(73.2)
25
(77)
23.2
(73.8)
18.4
(65.1)
11.9
(53.4)
5.4
(41.7)
0.1
(32.2)
11.8
(53.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 56.9
(2.24)
62.6
(2.465)
89.9
(3.539)
83.8
(3.299)
68.3
(2.689)
18.7
(0.736)
10.8
(0.425)
3
(0.12)
5.4
(0.213)
43.7
(1.72)
47.1
(1.854)
54.4
(2.142)
544.6
(21.441)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.9 8.5 10.1 9.7 9 4.3 2.6 1.5 1.9 5.3 6.1 7.4 74.3
Average relative humidity (%) 74.2 72.3 65 58.6 51.4 40.5 39.9 43 45.9 55.9 65.1 73.2 57.1
Source: "The Climate of Karakol". Weatherbase. Retrieved 31 July 2014. 

Economy

Isfara tea house

Some 20 industrial companies in Isfara produce electrical equipment, chemical and metallurgical products, construction materials, food products and others.

Isfara is famous for its apricot orchards.

See also

External links

  • Isfara Online Portal
  • Travel to Isfara
  • Relief International Schools Online Internet Learning Center in Isfara - Archive.org
  • "Welcome to Isfara"
  • A roadside teahouse in Isfara
  • Habib Borjian, "Esfara", in Encyclopaedia Iranica, Columbia University (enter keyword "Esfara" in search field to access the article).

References

  1. ^ a b Population in the Republic of Tajikistan as of 1 January 2008, State Statistical Committee, Dushanbe, 2008
  2. ^ Hazrati Shoh mausoleum
  3. ^ p181 Middleton & Thomas, Tajikistan (Odyssey Guide)
  4. ^ "Weatherbase.com". http://www.weatherbase.com. Retrieved 1 August 2014. 

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