World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0026456433
Reproduction Date:

Title: Iolcus  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Peleus, Medea, Castor and Pollux, List of Greek mythological figures, Admetus, Alcestis, Pelias, Argonauts, Golden Fleece, Cretheus
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Coordinates 39°23′N 22°59′E / 39.383°N 22.983°E / 39.383; 22.983Coordinates: 39°23′N 22°59′E / 39.383°N 22.983°E / 39.383; 22.983

Country: Greece
Administrative region: Thessaly
Regional unit: Magnesia
Municipality: Volos
Population statistics (as of 2011)[1]
Municipal unit
 - Population: 2,138
 - Area: 1.981 km2 (1 sq mi)
 - Density: 1,079 /km2 (2,795 /sq mi)
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (center): 156 m (512 ft)
Postal code: 385 00
Telephone: 24210
Auto: ΒΟ

Iolcos (/aɪˈɒlkəs/; also rendered Iolkos or Iolcus, Greek: Ιωλκός) is an ancient city, a modern village and a former municipality in Magnesia, Thessaly, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Volos, of which it is a municipal unit.[2] It is located in central Magnesia, north of the Pagasitic Gulf. Its land area is 1.981 km². The municipal unit is divided into three communities, Agios Onoufrios (pop. 475), Anakasia (pop. 1012) and Ano Volos (pop. 651), with a total population of 2,138 (2011 census). The seat of the former municipality was the village of Ano Volos.


According to ancient Greek mythology Aeson was the rightful king of Iolcos, but his half-brother Pelias usurped the throne. It was Pelias who sent Aeson's son Jason and his Argonauts to look for the Golden Fleece. The ship Argo set sail from Iolcos with a crew of fifty demigods and princes under Jason's leadership. Their mission was to reach Colchis in Aea at the eastern seaboard of the Black Sea and reclaim and bring back the Golden Fleece, a symbol of the opening of new trade routes. Along with the Golden Fleece Jason brought a wife, the sorceress Medea, king Aeetes' daughter, granddaughter of the Sun, niece of Circe, princess of Aea, and later queen of Iolcos, Corinth and Aea, and also murderer of her brother Absyrtus and her two sons from Jason, a tragic figure whose trials and tribulations were artfully dramatized in the much staged play by Euripides, Medea.

The place of ancient Iolcos is believed to be located in modern-day nearby [1].

Historical population

Year Population
1991 2,415
2001 2,071
2011 2,138


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.