World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0000916435
Reproduction Date:

Title: Hotbird  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Italia 1, Game Network, Canale 5, Rete 4, Radio Radicale, Rai 3, Rai 2, Nile TV, Al Jazeera Sports, JeemTV
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


For the Eutelsat awards, see Hot Bird TV Awards.
Hot Bird
Hot Bird Official Logo
General information
Country of origin France
Applications Communications
Orbit regimes Geostationary, 13° East
Operator Eutelsat
Status Operational
Built 11
On order 0
Launched 11
Operational 3
Lost 1
First launch Hot Bird 1
28 March 1995
Last launch Hot Bird 10
12 February 2009

Hot Bird is a group of satellites operated by Eutelsat, located at 13°E over the Equator (orbital position) and with a transmitting footprint over Europe, North Africa and the Middle East.

Only digital radio and television channels are transmitted by the Hot Bird constellation, both free-to-air and encrypted. In addition there are a few interactive and IP services. The satellites currently operate at 13° East and are numbered 13B, 13C and 13D.

List of satellites

Name[1] Launch Location Current Location Launch date Status
Hot Bird 1 Kourou Junk orbit 28 March 1995 Inactive
Hot Bird 2 (Eurobird 9) Cape Canaveral 48°E 21 November 1996 Active
Hot Bird 3 (Eurobird 4) Kourou Junk orbit 2 September 1997 Inactive
Hot Bird 4 (Atlantic Bird 4) Kourou 16°E 27 February 1998 Active
Hot Bird 5 (Eurobird 2) Cape Canaveral 25.5°E 9 October 1998 Active
Hot Bird 6 Cape Canaveral 13°E 21 August 2002 Active
Hot Bird 7 Kourou N/A - launch failure 11 November 2002 Failed
Hot Bird 7A (Eurobird 9A) Kourou 9°E 12 March 2006 Active
Hot Bird 8 Baikonur 13°E 4 August 2006 Active
Hot Bird 9 Kourou 13°E 20 December 2008 Active
Hot Bird 10 Kourou 13°E February 2009 Active

Satellite details

Hot Bird 1

Hot Bird 1 was launched by Ariane 44LP in 28 March 1995. The 13° East slot predates the launch, with Eutelsat 1F1 having been located there as early as 1983, and Eutelsat 2F1 having also served time at the location. It has reached end-of-life.

Hot Bird 3

Hot Bird 3 was launched by Ariane 44LP in 02 sep 1997 and intended to be moved to 10°E to become Eurobird 10. During the drift from 13°E to 10°E, the satellite suffered loss of power from one solar array. It was nevertheless successfully moved to 10°E, but could only operate at a reduced capacity. Since then, it is operating at 4°E under the name Eurobird 4. At last it moved to 75°E and its and renamed to ABS_1B. It has reached end-of-life.

Hot Bird 4

Hot Bird 4 was launched by Ariane 42P in 27 Feb 1998 and redeployed to 7°W in July 2006, becoming Atlantic Bird 4 / Nilesat 103

Hot Bird 5

Hot Bird 5 was launched by Atlas-2A in 09 Oct 1998 and re-located to 25.5°E and renamed Eurobird 2. Six transponders are leased to Arabsat under the name Badr 2, after having been called Arabsat 2D.

Hot Bird 6 (Hot Bird 13A)

Hot Bird 6 was launched by Atlas V 401 in 21 July 2002. Starting on 12 June 2009, the day of Iranian elections, deliberate interference affecting this satellite was traced to Iran. Hot Bird 6 is the primary carrier for BBC Persian Television.[2] As of 2013, it is replaced with Hot Bird 10 (Hot Bird 13D)

Hot Bird 7/7A

Hot Bird 7 was lost in December 2002 during the Ariane 5 ECA launch. Its replacement, Hot Bird 7A (a Spacebus 3000B3) was successfully launched on 11 March 2006.

Hot Bird 8 (Hot Bird 13B)

Hot Bird 8 was launched by Proton in 5 August 2006. With a launch mass of 4.9 tonnes, Hot Bird 8 is the largest and the most powerful broadcast satellite serving Europe.

Hot Bird 9 (Hot Bird 13C)

Hot Bird 9 was launched by Ariane 5 ECA in December 2008. Its entry into service enabled the Hot Bird 7A satellite to be redeployed to 9° East and rebranded Eurobird 9A, increasing capacity to 38 Ku band transponders at this orbital position.

Hot Bird 10 (Hot Bird 13D)

Hot Bird 10 was launched by Ariane 5 ECA in February 2009 with NSS-9, Spirale A and Spirale B. It will support Eutelsat's expansion at 7° West, a key video neighbourhood for the Middle East. The EUTELSAT 3C (new name) satellite, having completed its mission at 7 degrees West as ATLANTIC BIRD™ 4A, has now been redeployed to 3 degrees East. Here, it will address data and telecoms markets in Europe and South-West Asia with high-power Ku-band coverage. It is colocated at 3 degrees East with EUTELSAT 3A. Eutelsat has expanded its commercial response to high-growth video, data, telecom and broadband markets with the opening of business at the 3° East orbital position. It is now replaced with Hot Bird 13D

Packages broadcast on Hot Bird

Free-To-Air channels

Up to 1000 television and radio channels are available Free-To-Air.

Name Country Website Description
eScapes  US World's 1st Hybrid Radio/Television program, Started DTH FTA broadcasting from Hotbird 13D on October 1st, 2013

List of providers

Name Location Website
Eutelsat  France
Satellite Media   Switzerland
GLOBCOS NetWorks GmbH   Switzerland
Globecast  France
Wide Network Solutions  United Kingdom
SKY Italia  Italy
Arqiva  United Kingdom
RRSat  Israel
SatLink  Israel


External links

  • Eutelsat Satellites

Template:Eutelsat Coordinates: 0°0′N 13°00′E / 0.000°N 13.000°E / 0.000; 13.000

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.