World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Hans Holbein the Elder

Article Id: WHEBN0000048315
Reproduction Date:

Title: Hans Holbein the Elder  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Hans Holbein the Younger, Ambrosius Holbein, Catholic Encyclopedia topics/H, Presentation of Jesus at the Temple, Holbein (surname)
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Hans Holbein the Elder

Hans Holbein the Elder
Born c. 1460
Augsburg, Free imperial city, Holy Roman Empire
Died 1524
Issenheim, Alsace, Holy Roman Empire
Movement Late Gothic

Hans Holbein (c. 1460–1524) was a German painter.[1]

Contents

  • Life 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Life

Hans Holbein the Elder (ca. 1465-1524) was born in free imperial city of Augsburg (Germany), and died in Isenheim, Alsace (now France). He belonged to a celebrated family of painters; his father was Michael Holbein; his brother was Sigismund Holbein (d. 1540). He had two sons: Ambrosius Holbein (b. ca. 1494, d. ca. 1519) and Hans Holbein the Younger, a famous painter (b. ca. 1497, d. 1543). They had their first painting lessons from their father.

The date of the Hans Holbein the Elder's birth is unknown. His name appears in the Augsburg tax books in 1494, superseding that of his father. As early as 1493, Holbein had a following, and he worked that year at the abbey at Weingarten, creating the wings of an altarpiece representing Joachim's Offering, the Nativity of the Virgin Mary's Presentation in the Temple, and the Presentation of Christ. Today they hang in separate panels in the cathedral of Augsburg.

Hans Holbein the Elder painted richly colored religious works. His later paintings show how he pioneered and led the transformation of German art from the (Late) International Gothic to the Renaissance style. In addition to the altar paintings that are his principal works, he was a woodcut artist, an illustrator of books, and a church window designer; he also made a number of portrait drawings that foreshadow the work of his famous son, Hans Holbein the Younger.

Hans Holbein the Elder first appears at Augsburg, partnered with his brother Sigismund (who died in 1540 at Bern, Switzerland). Augsburg, at the time of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, cultivated art with a Flemish style, and felt the influence of the schools of Bruges and Brussels, even though it was near Italy, with close commercial connections to Venice. Sigismund is a painter also, but Hans had the lead of the partnership, and signed all the works they produced.

After 1516 Hans was declared a tax defaulter in Augsburg, and he gladly accepted commissions abroad. At Issenheim in Alsace, where Matthias Grünewald was employed at the time, Holbein also found patrons, and was contracted to complete an altarpiece. His brother Sigismund and others sued him in Augsburg for unpaid debts. Pursued by Augsburg authorities, he fled Issenheim, abandoning his work and equipment, and went to Basel. He died two years later at an unknown location; and after 1524 his name no longer appeared on the register of the Augsburg guild.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Hans Holbein".  

External links

  • Hans Holbein the Elder Gallery.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.