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Grand Portage Band of Chippewa

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Title: Grand Portage Band of Chippewa  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ojibwe people, Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, Treaty of La Pointe, Kechewaishke
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Grand Portage Band of Chippewa

The Grand Portage Indian Reservation (Ojibwe language: Gichi-onigamiing) is located in Cook County near the tip of Minnesota's Arrowhead Region in the extreme northeast part of the state. The community was considered part of the Lake Superior Band of Chippewa, but is not a party to the treaties that group signed. The reservation was established as part of an 1854 treaty, and the land area is 74.396 sq mi (192.686 km²).

The unincorporated community of Grand Portage is located within the Grand Portage Indian Reservation.

Since 1934, it has been one of the six bands making up the federally recognized Minnesota Chippewa Tribe, which wrote a constitution and initiated its new government in 1936. In the federal 2000 census, the reservation had a population of 557. The Minnesota Chippewa Tribe reported in July 2007, Grand Portage had 1,127 people enrolled with the Band.


The community operates a casino, the Grand Portage Lodge and Casino. The Grand Portage National Monument is located on the reservation and managed by the National Park Service. The site includes a reconstructed trading post which is authentic for the 18th century.

In 2000, Minnesota returned ownership of the 300-acre (1.2 km2) Grand Portage State Park to the Chippewa Band, which was lost more than 50 years ago in a tax forfeiture. In a unique arrangement in the state, this is the only state park to be managed jointly by the state and an American Indian band. The park includes a 120-foot high waterfall, which has been a landmark for centuries. The band employs its members as staff of the park.[1]

Notable Grand Portage citizens

See also


External links

  • Grand Portage Indian Reservation
  • Grand Portage Reservation and Off-Reservation Trust Land, Minnesota United States Census Bureau

Coordinates: 47°57′41″N 89°45′34″W / 47.96139°N 89.75944°W / 47.96139; -89.75944

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