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Göreme

UNESCO World Heritage Site
Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Göreme town and valley

Location Turkey
Type Natural (Volcanic Rock)
Criteria i, iii, v, vii
Reference 357
UNESCO region Europe
Inscription history
Inscription 1985 (9th Session)
Göreme is located in Turkey
Location of Göreme in Turkey.

Göreme (pronounced ; Ancient Greek: Κόραμα, Kòrama), located among the "fairy chimney" rock formations, is a town in Cappadocia, a historical region of Turkey. It is in the Nevşehir Province in Central Anatolia and has a population of around 2,000 people.[1]

Former names of the town have been Korama, Matiana, Maccan or Machan, and Avcilar.[2] When Göreme Valley nearby was designated an important tourist destination, a "center" for all tourism in Cappadocia, the name of the town was changed to Göreme for practical reasons.

The Göreme National Park (Göreme Tarihî Millî Parkı in Turkish) was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985.[1]

The time that the Göreme was first settled is unclear, but it could date back as the Hittite era, between 1800 and 1200 B.C. The location was central between rivaling empires, such as the Greeks and Persians, leading the natives to tunnel into the rock to escape the political turmoil. During the Roman era, the area became home to Christians retreating from Rome.[3] Christianity prevailed as the primary religion in the region, which is evident from many rock churches that can still be seen today.

Among Göreme's historically important sites are Ortahane, Durmus Kadir, Yusuf Koc and Bezirhane churches, in addition to the richly decorated Tokali Kilise, the Apple Church, and a number of homes and pigeon houses carved straight into the rock formations in the town.

Göreme town panorama.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Lynch, Paul; McIntosh, Alison J.; Tucker, Hazel (2009-06-02). Commercial Homes in Tourism: An International Perspective. Routledge.  
  2. ^ "Goreme.org - Goreme". goreme.org. Retrieved 2015-08-30. 
  3. ^ Society, National Geographic. "Cappadocia -- World Heritage Site -- National Geographic". Retrieved 2015-08-30. 
  • Goreme Info
  • UNESCO site

External links

  • Goreme travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Durmus Kadir church

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