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Francis Peyton Rous

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Title: Francis Peyton Rous  
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Subject: Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, List of Nobel laureates by university affiliation, Alan Lloyd Hodgkin, Torsten Wiesel, List of Nobel laureates affiliated with Johns Hopkins University
Collection: 1879 Births, 1970 Deaths, American Nobel Laureates, American Scientists, American Virologists, Foreign Members of the Royal Society, Infectious Causes of Cancer, Johns Hopkins University Alumni, National Medal of Science Laureates, Nobel Laureates in Physiology or Medicine, People from Baltimore, Maryland, Recipients of the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research, Rockefeller University People
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Francis Peyton Rous

Francis Peyton Rous
Francis Peyton Rous
Born October 5, 1879
Baltimore, Maryland
Died February 16, 1970(1970-02-16) (aged 90)
New York City
Nationality American
Fields virology
Alma mater Johns Hopkins University, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine
Known for oncoviruses
Notable awards National Medal of Science (1965)
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1966)

Francis Peyton Rous ForMemRS[1] (October 5, 1879 – February 16, 1970) was an American Nobel Prize-winning virologist.

He born in Woodlawn, Maryland in 1879 and received his B.A. and M.D. from Johns Hopkins University.[2] He was involved in the discovery of the role of viruses in the transmission of certain types of cancer. In 1966 he was awarded a Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work.

In 1911, as a pathologist he made his seminal observation, that a malignant tumor (specifically, a sarcoma) growing on a domestic chicken could be transferred to another fowl simply by exposing the healthy bird to a cell-free filtrate.[3][4] This finding, that cancer could be transmitted by a virus (now known as the Rous sarcoma virus, a retrovirus), was widely discredited by most of the field's experts at that time. Since he was a relative newcomer, it was several years before anyone even tried to replicate his prescient results. Although clearly some influential researchers were impressed enough to nominate him to the Nobel Committee as early as 1926 (and in many subsequent years, until he finally received the award, 40 years later—this may be a record for the time between a discovery and a Nobel Prize).

In his later life he wrote biographies of Simon Flexner[5] and Karl Landsteiner.[6]

His wife Marion died in 1985. His daughter Marni Hodgkin was a children's book editor, and the wife of another Nobel Prize winner, Alan Hodgkin.[7]


  • See also 1
  • Further reading 2
  • References 3
  • Further reading 4
  • External links 5

See also

Further reading

  • Cornwall, Claudia M. Catching cancer : the quest for its viral and bacterial causes. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2013.


  1. ^  
  2. ^ "Peyton Rous – Biography". Retrieved 6 June 2011. 
  3. ^ Rous, Peyton (1910). "A Transmissible Avian Neoplasm (Sarcoma of the Common Fowl)". Journal of Experimental Medicine 12 (5): 696–705.  
  4. ^ Rous, Peyton (1911). "A Sarcoma of the Fowl Transmissible by an Agent Separable from the Tumor Cells". Journal of Experimental Medicine 13 (4): 397–411.  
  5. ^ Rous, P. (1949). " 
  6. ^ Rous, P. (1947). " 
  7. ^

Further reading

  • Raju, T. N. (1999). "The Nobel Chronicles". The Lancet 354 (9177): 520–527.  
  • Dulbecco, R. (1976). "Francis Peyton Rous". Biographical memoirs. National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) 48: 275–306.  
  • "Francis Peyton Rous, M.D. Johns Hopkins". Lancet 1 (7644): 477. 1970.  
  • Sulek, K. (1969). "Nobel prize for Francis Peyton Rous in 1966 for the discovery of carcinogenic viruses and for Charles Huggins for the introduction of hormones for treatment of neoplasms". Wiadomosci lekarskie (Warsaw, Poland : 1960) 22 (12): 1161–1162.  
  • Datta, R. K.; Datta, B. (1967). "Nobel prize winners in medicine". Journal of the Indian Medical Association 48 (1): 41–42.  
  • Graffi, A. (1966). "Francis Peyton Rous". Deutsche medizinische Wochenschrift (1946) 91 (51): 2309–2310.  
  • Kreyberg, L. (1966). "Nobel prize in physiology and medicine 1966 (Rous FP)". Tidsskrift for den Norske laegeforening : tidsskrift for praktisk medicin, ny raekke 86 (22): 1565.  
  • "Nobel Prize". BMJ 2 (5520): 964–961. 1966.  
  • Rhoads, C. P. (1959). "Citation and presentation of the Academy Medal to F. Peyton Rous". Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 35 (4): 216–219.  

External links

  • Nobel Lectures, Physiology or Medicine 1963–1970, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1972
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