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Fort Stevens Union order of battle

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Fort Stevens Union order of battle

The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the Battle of Fort Stevens of the American Civil War on July 11–12, 1864. The Confederate order of battle is listed separately.

Abbreviations used

Military rank

  • MG = Major General
  • BG = Brigadier General
  • Col = Colonel
  • Ltc = Lieutenant Colonel
  • Maj = Major
  • Cpt = Captain

Other

  • w = wounded
  • k = killed

Defenses of the Potomac River & Washington

MG Alexander McDowell McCook

Division Brigade Regiments and Other

Emergency Division[1]
   BG Montgomery C. Meigs

First Brigade


BG Daniel H. Rucker

  • Quartermaster's employees
  • Detachment from Provisional Brigade
Second Brigade


BG Halbert E. Paine

  • Quartermaster's employees
  • 2nd District of Columbia
  • 12th Veteran Reserves
3rd Brigade


Col Richard Butler Price
Col Addison Farnsworth, July 12[2]

  • 7th New Jersey
  • Quartermaster's employees
  • Convalescents

VI Corps

MG Horatio Wright

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
   BG Frank Wheaton

1st Brigade


Cpt Baldwin Hufty

2nd Brigade


BG Emory Upton

  • 2nd Connecticut Heavy Artillery
  • 65th New York
  • 121st New York
3rd Brigade


Col Thomas S. Allen

  • 37th Massachusetts
  • 40th Pennsylvania
  • 82nd Pennsylvania
  • 119th Pennsylvania
  • 2nd Rhode Island (Battalion)
  • 5th Wisconsin (Battalion)

Second Division
   BG Lewis A. Grant

1st Brigade


Col George P. Foster

2nd Brigade


Ltc Charles Hundson

3rd Brigade


Col Daniel Bidwell

  • 7th Maine
  • 43rd New York
  • 49th New York (battalion)
  • 77th New York
  • 122nd New York
  • 61st Pennsylvania (battalion)
Artillery Artillery Brigade


Col Charles H. Tompkins

XIX Corps (Detachment)

MG Quincy A. Gillmore

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

First Division
   BG William Dwight

1st Brigade


Col George L. Beal

  • 29th Maine
  • 30th Massachusetts
  • 114th New York
  • 116th New York
  • 153rd New York
2nd Brigade


BG James W. McMillan

  • 12th Connecticut
  • 160th New York
  • 47th Pennsylvania
  • 8th Vermont
3rd Brigade


Col Leonard B. Currie

Division Artillery
  • New York Light Artillery, 5th Battery

Second Division
   BG Cuvier Grover

1st Brigade[3]


BG Henry W. Birge

  • 9th Connecticut
  • 12th Maine
  • 14th Maine
  • 26th Massachusetts
  • 14th New Hampshire
  • 75th New York
2nd Brigade


Col Edward L. Molineux

  • 13th Connecticut
  • 3rd Massachusetts Cavalry (dismounted)
  • 11th Indiana
  • 22nd Iowa
  • 131st New York
  • 159th New York
3rd Brigade


Col Jacob Sharpe

  • 38th Massachusetts
  • 128th New York
  • 156th New York
  • 175th New York
  • 176th New York
4th Brigade


Col David Shunk

  • 8th Indiana
  • 18th Indiana
  • 24th Iowa
  • 28th Iowa

XXII Corps and Dept. of Washington

MG Christopher C. Augur

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

Defenses North of the Potomac
   BG Martin D. Hardin

1st Brigade


Col James M. Warner

  • 1st Vermont Heavy Artillery
  • 151st Ohio
2nd Brigade


Col Joseph A. Haskin

  • 2nd Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery
  • 8th Illinois Cavalry, Detachment
  • 150th Ohio
Cavalry


Col Charles Russell Lowell

  • 2nd Massachusetts Cavalry

Defenses South of the Potomac
   BG Gustavus A. DeRussy
  (not engaged)

1st Brigade


Col Joseph Whistler

2nd Brigade


Col Thomas Wilhelm

District of Washington
   Col Moses N. Wisewill

1st Veteran Reserve Brigade


Col George W. Gile
(attached to Hardin's Division)

  • 1st Regiment, Veteran Reserve Corps
  • 9th Veteran Reserve Corps
  • 22nd Regiment, Veteran Reserve Corps
  • 6th Regiment, Veteran Reserve Corps
  • 19th Regiment, Veteran Reserve Corps
  • 20th Regiment, Veteran Reserve Corps
2nd Brigade
  • incomplete and un-brigaded regiments

Cavalry Division
   Col William Gamble
  (not engaged)

composition unknown

Front Line Commanders

In addition to their own commands these officers supervised a section of Washington's fortifications during the battle.

Commander Line
Alexander M. McCook Defenses of the Potomac River & Washington
(overall command)
Quincy A. Gillmore Fort Lincoln to Fort Totten
(Northeast line)
Montgomery C. Meigs Fort Totten to Fort DeRussy
(Northern line including Fort Stevens)
Martin D. Hardin Fort DeRussy to Fort Sumner
(Northwest line)
Horatio G. Wright Front line pickets and skirmishers

References

  • Eicher, John H., & Eicher, David J., Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
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