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 United States

The last page of 1786 treaty of friendship.

Morocco has close and long-standing ties with the United States. Morocco was the first nation to recognize the fledgling United States as an independent nation.[38] In the beginning of the American Revolution, American merchant ships were subject to attack by the Barbary Pirates while sailing the Atlantic Ocean. At this time, American envoys tried to obtain protection from European powers, but to no avail. On December 20, 1777, Morocco's Sultan Mohammed III declared that the American merchant ships would be under the protection of the sultanate and could thus enjoy safe passage.

The Sultan Sidi Mohamed strengthening the ties between the two countries. The United States legation (consulate) in Tangier is the first property the American government ever owned abroad.[40] The building now houses the Tangier American Legation Museum.

Rest of world


Argentina recognized Morocco's independence in 1956. Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1960. Argentina has an embassy in Rabat. Morocco has an embassy in Buenos Aires. Argentina is (traditionally) second most populated country to recognize Moroccan sovereignty over its southern provinces..


Embassy of Morocco in Ottawa
  • Canada has an embassy in Rabat.[41]
  • Morocco has an embassy in Ottawa and a consulate-general in Montreal.[42]


China and Morocco established diplomatic relations in November 1958.[43]


Morocco established relations with Malaysia right after Malaysia's been formed in 1963.[44] Malaysia has an embassy in Rabat,[45] and Morocco has an embassy in Kuala Lumpur.[46]


  • Mexico has an embassy in Rabat.[47]
  • Morocco has an embassy in Mexico City.[48]


Pakistan has an embassy in Rabat while Morocco also has its embassy in Islamabad. Both the countries have co-operated significantly since the past and continue to widely expand their relations, in the past Pakistan has said that it does not recognise Western Sahara and that its status is disputed and remains to be decided by United Nations resolutions, but at the same time it gave the Moroccan point of view that it is an internal matter. Pakistan and Morocco enjoy friendly relationship based on deep religious and great human values commonly shared by both countries. These relations have grown to a large extent in recent years and thousands of Pakistanis visit Morocco annually.



Foreign relations of Morocco

Morocco has established diplomatic relations with 151 states (including the State of Palestine),[49] the Holy See,[49] the Sovereign Military Order of Malta,[49] and the European Union.[49]

Morocco has not established diplomatic relations with:

  • Belarus, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco;
  • Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados,[50] Belize,[50] Cuba,[50] Dominica, Grenada, Guyana,[50] Haiti,[50] Jamaica,[50] St.Kitts and Nevis, St.Lucia, St.Vincent and the Grenadines,[50] Suriname,[50] Trinidad and Tobago;[50]
  • Botswana,[50] Mauritius,[50] Namibia,[50] South Sudan;[50]
  • Israel,[51] Kyrgyzstan, Maldives, Tajikistan, Timor-Leste,[50]Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan;
  • Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, Niue, Papua New Guinea, Palau, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu;
  • the states with limited recognition except Palestine.

See also


  1. ^ a b "Encyclopedia of the Nations: Morocco Foreign Policy". Retrieved 2009-10-23. 
  2. ^ "GCC Countries Invest Heavily in Morocco". Retrieved 2009-10-23. 
  3. ^ "Medibtikar: EuroMed Innovation and Technology Program". Retrieved 2009-10-23. 
  4. ^ "Morocco Signs 155 Million Euro Loan Agreement With France". Retrieved 2009-10-23. 
  5. ^ "Looklex Encyclopaedia: Morocco History". Retrieved 2009-10-23. 
  6. ^ CIA – The World Factbook. Retrieved on 2011-01-10.
  7. ^ Morocco Since 1830: A History. Retrieved 2009-10-23. 
  8. ^ Foreign Relations of Morocco. Somali Press. Retrieved on 2011-01-10.
  9. ^ News Article: Cohen Renews U.S.-Morocco Ties. Retrieved on 2011-01-10.
  10. ^ Morocco since 1830: a history – Google Books. Retrieved on 2011-01-10.
  11. ^ Migration Information Source – Morocco: From Emigration Country to Africa's Migration Passage to Europe. Retrieved on 2011-01-10.
  12. ^ GCC Countries Invest Heavily in Morocco. The Memri Economic Blog. Retrieved on 2011-01-10.
  13. ^ The European culture area: a ... – Google Books. Retrieved on 2011-01-10.
  14. ^ "Relations Maroc-Afrique subsaharienne : L'amorce d'une nouvelle ère". Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  15. ^ "Gabon-Maroc : Relance significative de la coopération économique". Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  16. ^ "Algerian-Moroccan dispute frustrates regional integration". Retrieved 2009-03-13. 
  17. ^ a b Handloff, Robert E. "Relations with France". In Mauritania: A Country Study (Robert E. Handloff, editor). Library of Congress Federal Research Division (June 1988). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  18. ^ "Full text of the Agreement (English version)". 
  19. ^ Wippel, Steffen. "The Agadir Agreement and Open regionalism" (PDF). 
  20. ^ Egypt renews backing to Morocco's territorial integrity. (1999-03-15). Retrieved on 2011-01-10.
  21. ^ "Morocco cuts relations with Iran". BBC News. 2009-03-06. Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  22. ^ a b "Morocco severs relations with Iran". Yahoo News. 2009-03-06. Retrieved 2009-03-10. 
  23. ^ "Morocco severs Iran relations". Denver Post. 2009-03-06. Retrieved 2009-03-10. 
  24. ^ a b "Iran says Morocco's move to cut ties harms unity". CNN. 2009-03-07. Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  25. ^ "Morocco severs relations with Iran".  
  26. ^ "EU tightens Moroccan ties with 'advanced status' deal". Retrieved 2009-03-12. 
  27. ^ "Advanced status, rewards Morocco's reform process".  
  28. ^ Morocco. (2010-01-26). Retrieved on 2011-01-10.
  29. ^ Bulgarian embassy in Rabat
  30. ^ Denmarks embassy in Rabat, Morocco
  31. ^ Morocco Embassy in Denmark
  32. ^ Moroccan embassy in Bucharest
  33. ^ Romanian embassy in Rabat (in French and Romanian only)
  34. ^ Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: direction of the Moroccan embassy in Belgrade
  35. ^ Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs: direction of the Serbian embassy in Rabat
  36. ^ Morocco / History – LookLex Encyclopaedia. Retrieved on 2011-01-10.
  37. ^ Moroccan embassy in Turkey
  38. ^ "Cohen Renews U.S.-Morocco Ties" (mil). U.S. Department of Defense. Retrieved 2009-03-12. 
  39. ^ Roberts, Priscilla H. and Richard S. Roberts, Thomas Barclay (1728–1793: Consul in France, Diplomat in Barbary, Lehigh University Press, 2008, pp. 206–223.
  40. ^ "Milestones of American Diplomacy, Interesting Historical Notes, and Department of State History". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2007-12-17. 
  41. ^ Embassy of Canada in Rabat (in English and French)
  42. ^ Embassy of Morocco in Ottawa (in Arabic, English and French)
  43. ^
  44. ^ "Malaysia-Morocco Relations". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Morocco. Retrieved 24 February 2014. 
  45. ^ "Official Website of Embassy of Malaysia, Rabat".  
  46. ^ "AMBASSADE DU MAROC : KUALA LUMPUR". Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation, Morocco. Retrieved 24 February 2014. 
  47. ^ Embassy of Mexico in Rabat (in French and Spanish)
  48. ^ Embassy of Morocco in Mexico City (in Spanish)
  49. ^ a b c d Morocco Diplomatic List
  50. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Recognizes the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.
  51. ^ Morocco does not recognize Israel.

External links

  • The EU's Relations with Morocco
  • U.S. Dept. of State's Background Note on Morocco, Oct 2004


  • Morocco Foreign Policy and Government Guide (ISBN 978-0-7397-6000-0)
  • Analyzing Moroccan Foreign Policy and Relations with Europe doi:10.1080/1475355032000240658
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Foreign relations of Morocco


Foreign relations of Morocco

"/articles/eng/Spain" id="whe_lnki_201" title="Spain">Spain
See Morocco–Spain relations The Treaty of Fes also allocated the northern part of Morocco as a Spanish protectorate. There were many instances of resistance to protest against Spanish exploitation of Morocco. The independence of this region was gained at the same time that France withdrew control. Unlike France, Spain still maintains control on some regions, such as Ceuta and Melila in northern Morocco. Tensions also increased with conflicts over the fishing water surrounding Morocco, the island of Perejil, and the Western Sahara.[36] Spain controls five "places of sovereignty" (Plazas de soberanía) on and off the north Africa coast: Ceuta and Melilla, as well as the islets of Peñón de Alhucemas, Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera, and Islas Chafarinas, all contested by Morocco (see Perejil Island crisis for the related incident).
 Turkey See Moroccan–Turkish relations
  • Morocco has an embassy in Ankara.[37]
  • Turkey has an embassy in Rabat.
  • Both countries are full members of the Union for the Mediterranean.
  • Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Morocco
 United Kingdom See Morocco–United Kingdom relations Morocco–United Kingdom relations cover a period from the 16th century to the present day.
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