World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Flag of South Carolina

South Carolina
Name The Palmetto State
Use Civil and state flag
Adopted January 28, 1861
Design White palmetto tree on an indigo field. The canton contains a white crescent (gorget).

The flag of the state of South Carolina has existed in some form since 1775, being based on one of the first Revolutionary War flags. South Carolina's flag was ranked as the 10th best designed state or provincial flag in North America by the North American Vexillological Association in 2001.[1]


  • History 1
    • The Moultrie Flag 1.1
    • Civil War 1.2
  • Commercial use 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


The Moultrie Flag (also known as the "Liberty Flag")
2-day Flag
Sovereignty/Secession Flag
South Carolina naval ensign during Revolutionary and Civil Wars

The Moultrie Flag

In 1775, Colonel William Moultrie was asked by the Revolutionary Council of Safety to design a flag for the South Carolina troops to use during the American Revolutionary War. Moultrie's design had the blue of the militia's uniforms and the crescent. It was first flown at Fort Johnson.[2] This flag was flown in the defense of a new fortress on Sullivan's Island, when Moultrie faced off against a British fleet that had not lost a battle in a century.

However, there is much debate about the significance of the crescent. In 1775 Colonel William Moultrie was asked by the "Revolutionary Council of Safety" to design a flag for the South Carolina troops. In his memoirs, Colonel Wiliam Moultrie tells us: "A little time after we were in possession of Fort Johnson, it was thought necessary to have a flag for the purpose of signals: (as there was no national or state flag at that time) I was desired by the council of safety to have one made, upon which, as the state troops were clothed in blue, and the fort was garrisoned by the first and second regiments, who wore a silver crescent on the front of their caps; I had a large blue flag made with a crescent in the dexter corner, to be in uniform with the troops ..."In the 16-hour battle on June 28, 1776, the flag was shot down, but Sergeant William Jasper ran out into the open, raising it and rallying the troops until it could be mounted again. This gesture was so heroic, saving Charleston, South Carolina, from conquest for four years, that the flag came to be the symbol of the Revolution, and liberty, in the state and the new nation.

Soon popularly known as either the Liberty Flag or Moultrie Flag, it became the standard of the South Carolinian militia, and was presented in Charleston, by Major General Nathanael Greene, when that city was liberated at the end of the war. Greene described it as having been the first American flag to fly over the South.

Civil War

The palmetto was added in 1861, also a reference to Moultrie's defense of Sullivan's Island; the fortress he'd constructed had survived largely because the palmettos, laid over sand walls, were able to withstand British cannons.

Following its declaration of secession from the Union, the newly independent state of South Carolina considered many designs for its national flag, and selected an existing unofficial state flag with an upward facing

  • South Carolina State Flag

External links

  1. ^ "". Retrieved June 23, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Fort Johnson/Powder Magazine, Charleston County (James Island)". National Register Properties in South Carolina. South Carolina Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 2014-08-01. 
  3. ^ "South Carolina State Flag - About the South Carolina Flag, its adoption and history". Retrieved June 23, 2015. 
  4. ^ "South Carolina State and Secession Flags.". Retrieved June 23, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Fort Sumter". Retrieved June 23, 2015. 
  6. ^ "South Carolina State, and Secession Flags". 
  7. ^ "What Is That Red South Carolina Flag?". 


See also

Shirts, belts, shoes, wallets, koozies, holiday decorations and other accessories featuring the flag's palmetto and crescent are popular throughout South Carolina and other southeastern states as a symbol of the state's long-standing heritage. It is also customary for alumni and supporters of the state's main universities (The University of South Carolina, Clemson University, Furman University, the College of Charleston, Winthrop University and The Citadel) to display the state flag in their school colors.

Commercial use

A similar flag was flown by Cadets from The Citadel in 1861 as they manned defenses at Morris Island against Union supply ships. This flag (now known as "Big Red") featured a white palmetto on a red field with a reversed (inward-facing) crescent. After its recovery from storage in an Iowa warehouse, the flag is now flown by the Citadel's Corps of Cadets as their official spirit flag. [7]

The Sovereignty flag was never recognized as an official flag in South Carolina, but there are also claims that it was flown for a short period of time in South Carolina after its secession on December 20, 1860. Another significant flag is the "South Carolina Secession Flag"; the day after South Carolina seceded a red flag, with two tails, a large white star and an upside down crescent moon at the top by the flag staff was raised over the Charleston Custom House. It then spread to other cities as a symbol of secession.[6]

The flag consisted of a palmetto on an entirely white background with a red star in the upper left quadrant, and is commonly known as "The Palmetto Guard Flag" [5] flown over captured United States' territory.Confederate flag Less than three months later, a variation of the palmetto flag unfurled over Fort Sumter on April 14, 1861, the day it was surrendered to Confederate General Beauregard, making it likely the first [4] adopted a new flag by adding a golden palmetto encircled with a white background. However, this flag has become known as the "2-day flag" because the golden palmetto was changed on January 28 to a simple white palmetto on the blue background.South Carolina General Assembly On January 26, 1861, the [3]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.