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Flag of Oklahoma

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Title: Flag of Oklahoma  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Index of Oklahoma-related articles, 46 (number), Oklahoma, Symbols of Oklahoma, Flags of the U.S. states
Collection: Symbols of Oklahoma, United States State Flags
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Flag of Oklahoma

Use Civil and state flag
Adopted November 1, 2006[1][2]
Design Buffalo-skin shield with seven eagle feathers on a sky blue field.
Designed by Louise Fluke

The flag of the state of Oklahoma consists of a traditional Osage Nation buffalo-skin shield with seven eagle feathers on a sky blue field.


  • Symbolism 1
  • Salute 2
  • History 3
  • Flag of the Governor 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • Further reading 7
  • External links 8


The Oklahoman flag flying outside of the Oklahoma Capitol.

The Osage shield is covered by two symbols of peace: the Plains-style ceremonial pipe representing Native Americans, and the olive branch representing European Americans. Six golden brown crosses, Native American symbols for stars, are spaced on the shield. The blue field is inspired by the Choctaw flag adopted by the tribe in 1860 and carried though the American Civil War.[3] The blue field also represents devotion. The shield surmounted by the calumet and olive branch represents defensive or protective warfare, showing a love of peace by a united people.[4]

In 2001, a survey conducted by the North American Vexillological Association (NAVA) placed Oklahoma's flag 39th in design quality out of the 72 Canadian provincial, U.S. state and U.S. territory flags ranked.[5]


The state legislature adopted the following salute to the flag in 1982: "I salute the Flag of the State of Oklahoma: Its symbols of peace unite all people."


Former Oklahoman flag, used from 1911 to 1925.
Former Oklahoman flag, used from April 2, 1925 to 1941.
Unauthorized Oklahoman flag design.
Unauthorized Oklahoman flag design.

Oklahoma's first flag was adopted in 1911, four years after statehood. Taking the colors red, white, and blue from the flag of the United States, the flag featured a large centered white star fimbriated in blue on a red field. The number 46 was written in blue inside the star, as Oklahoma was the forty-sixth state to join the Union.[1]

A contest, sponsored by the Daughters of the American Revolution, was held in 1924 to replace the flag, as red flags were closely associated with communism. The winning entry by Louise Fluke, which was adopted as the state flag on April 2, 1925, resembled the current flag without the word Oklahoma on it. That word was added in 1941[1] in an effort to combat widespread illiteracy.[6][7]

The official design of the state flag has not changed since 1941, however, unauthorized Oklahoma flag designs became prevalent throughout the state, so much so that the correct and official design of the flag was becoming lost. These unauthorized flags displayed stylized eagle feathers, incorrectly shaped crosses, an incorrectly shaped calument, wrong colors, or combinations of these and other errors. In 2005, an Oklahoma boy scout leader designing patches for an National Jamboree contingent was looking for an image of the Oklahoma state flag and noticed that there were multiple unauthorized designs of the Oklahoma state flag displayed on state government, historical, and educational websites. With some research he was able to identify the official design to use, but because of the prevalence of unauthorized designs, he contacted his state representative,[8] and was the impetus to standardize the colors and shapes by Oklahoma Senate Bill 1359[2] and signed into law by Governor Brad Henry on May 23, 2006, taking effect on November 1, 2006.[2]

Flag of the Governor

Standard of the Governor of Oklahoma

According to a statute adopted in 1957, the flag of the governor of Oklahoma consists of a forest green field, fringed in gold, charged with the state seal surrounded by a pentagram of five white stars.[9]

See also


  1. ^ a b c "The Oklahoma State Flag". NetState. NState, LLC. February 6, 2014. Retrieved January 26, 2015. Colors shall be colorfast and shall not bleed one into another. Added by Laws 1925, c. 234, p. 340, § 1. Amended by Laws 1941, p. 90, § 1; Laws 2006, c. 181, § 1, eff. Nov. 1, 2006. 
  2. ^ a b c "Enrolled Senate Bill No. 1359". Oklahoma State Courts Network. May 23, 2006. Retrieved January 26, 2015. This act shall become effective November 1, 2006. 
  3. ^ "Don Healy's Native American Flqags: Choctaw Nation." Retrieved January 15, 2014.
  4. ^ State Symbols USA:Oklahoma State Flag. Retrieved August 5, 2013.
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ Jim Lewis, Cherokee Area Council
  9. ^ Shearer, B.F. and Shearer, B.S. (2002). State Names, Seals, Flags, and Symbols: A Historical Guide (Third Edition). Greenwood Press, ISBN 0-313-31534-5, p. 67.

Further reading

  • , Vol. 9, No. 1 (March, 1931), pp. 10–11.Chronicles of OklahomaHickam, Mrs. Andrew R., "The State Flag of Oklahoma",

External links

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