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Eskilstuna

Eskilstuna
Aerial photo of Eskilstuna in 2004.
Aerial photo of Eskilstuna in 2004.
Eskilstuna is located in Sweden
Eskilstuna
Coordinates:
Country  Sweden
Province Södermanland
County Södermanland County
Municipality Eskilstuna Municipality
Founded 1659
Area[1]
 • Total 31.05 km2 (11.99 sq mi)
Elevation 26 m (85 ft)
Population (31 December 2010)[1]
 • Total 64,679
 • Density 2,083/km2 (5,390/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 630 03 to 638 21
Area code(s) (+46) 16
Website Official website

Eskilstuna (Swedish pronunciation: ) is a city and the seat of Eskilstuna Municipality, Södermanland County, Sweden. The city of Eskilstuna had 64,679 inhabitants in 2010, with a total municipal population of 100,092 inhabitants in Eskilstuna municipality (2014).[1] Eskilstuna has a large Sweden Finn population.[2] The town is located on the River Eskilstunaån, which connects Lake Hjälmaren and Lake Mälaren.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Economy 2
  • Climate 3
  • Demography 4
  • Sport 5
    • Athletes from Eskilstuna 5.1
      • Footballers 5.1.1
  • Transport 6
  • European Cooperation 7
  • Other notable natives 8
    • Music 8.1
      • Bands 8.1.1
      • Musicians 8.1.2
    • Miscellaneous 8.2
  • References 9
  • External links 10
  • See also 11

History

Klosters church of Eskilstuna

Eskilstuna's history dates back to medieval times when English small arms and artillery.

Rademachersmedjorna

Karl Gustavs Stad was a free town from 1771, where manufacturers and craftsmen were allowed to establish tax-free workshops and factories. The town was merged with the rest of Eskilstuna in 1879.

The city grew enormously during the Industrial Revolution and became one of the most important industrial cities of Sweden, earning the nickname "Stålstaden" ("The City of Steel"). Aside from firearms, the city also produced cutlery, scissors, keys, machine tools and precision instruments. As a tribute to the steel industry, the figure of a steel worker is included in the city's coat of arms. Eskilstuna is sometimes called The Sheffield of Sweden, Sheffield being a (much larger) industrial city famous for the quality (and quantity) of the steel produced there. Both cities at their peak were home to numerous different companies involved in steel production.

Economy

Eskilstuna remains an important industrial city with internationally known companies such as Volvo Wheel loaders, main site for the heavy construction equipment division of Volvo, Assa (locks, keys), and Stainless steel manufacturer Outokumpu, Thin Strip Nyby in Torshälla.

Mälardalen University (Mälardalens högskola),founded in cooperation with the neighboring city of Västerås, has a campus in the city. The city also has a combined zoo and amusement park - Parken Zoo. Parken Zoo, owned and operated by the municipality, has been heavily criticized for its poor animal welfare.

The hospital, Mälarsjukhuset is one of the largest in the region, employing around 3000 people.

Climate

Climate data for Eskilstuna
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8
(46)
10
(50)
19
(66)
23
(73)
27
(81)
32
(90)
35
(95)
33
(91)
27
(81)
21
(70)
15
(59)
10
(50)
35
(95)
Average high °C (°F) −2
(28)
−1
(30)
2
(36)
10
(50)
15
(59)
20
(68)
22
(72)
19
(66)
14
(57)
8
(46)
4
(39)
−1
(30)
10
(50)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4
(25)
−3
(27)
−1
(30)
6
(43)
10
(50)
14
(57)
18
(64)
16
(61)
11
(52)
5
(41)
2
(36)
−3
(27)
6
(43)
Average low °C (°F) −6
(21)
−7
(19)
−3
(27)
3
(37)
6
(43)
10
(50)
15
(59)
13
(55)
8
(46)
3
(37)
0
(32)
−5
(23)
4
(39)
Record low °C (°F) −37
(−35)
−27
(−17)
−20
(−4)
−12
(10)
−6
(21)
−1
(30)
5
(41)
3
(37)
−1
(30)
−13
(9)
−23
(−9)
−30
(−22)
−37
(−35)
Source #1: SMHI
Source #2: Swedish WorldHeritage

Demography

Sport

The most successful sports clubs of the city are the Smederna Speedway motorcycle racing club, which had to withdraw from the top league due to bankruptcy in 2009, and the still very successful handball club GUIF, which remains in the top division.

Eskilstuna is also home to EFK (Eskilstuna Flygklubb), Sweden's largest glider Flying Club which hosted the World Gliding Championships in 2006.

The stadium Tunavallen was a venue for the 1958 FIFA World Cup, hosting one match between Paraguay and Yugoslavia. It has also been used for several practice games for the Swedish National Youth Teams. Sports clubs using Tunavallen include Eskilstuna City FK and IFK Eskilstuna. Eskilstuna Södra FF are based at Skogsängens IP and BK Sport is based at Ekhagen.

Transport

Eskilstuna is served by the Svealandsbanan railway line between Stockholm and Hallsberg. European route E20 also passes the city. The city also has an airport, 13 km (8 mi) east of the centre.

European Cooperation

Eskilstuna is a member city of Eurotowns network[3]

Other notable natives

References

  1. ^ a b c 2005 och 2010"2"Tätorternas landareal, folkmängd och invånare per km (in Swedish).  
  2. ^ http://www.rskl.se/Ruotsinsuomalaiset.html
  3. ^ "Eurotowns". 

External links

  • Eskilstuna - Official site (in Swedish, French, German, English and Finnish)
  • Tågtider för Eskilstuna C

See also

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