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Dummerston, Vermont

Dummerston, Vermont
Town
West Dummerston Covered Bridge
Dummerston, Vermont
Dummerston, Vermont
Dummerston, Vermont is located in USA
Dummerston, Vermont
Location in the United States
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Vermont
County Windham
Chartered 1753
Area
 • Total 30.8 sq mi (79.8 km2)
 • Land 30.6 sq mi (79.2 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
Elevation 814 ft (248 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 1,915
 • Density 62.6/sq mi (24.2/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 05301
Area code(s) 802
FIPS code 50-18325[1]
GNIS feature ID 1462084[2]

Dummerston is a town in Windham County, Vermont, United States. The population was 1,915 at the 2000 census. It is home to the longest covered bridge still in use in Vermont. Its borders include three villages: Dummerston Center, West Dummerston, and East Dummerston.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Politics and government 4
  • Sites of interest 5
  • Notable people 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

History

East Dummerston in 1913

Dummerston was part of the Equivalent Lands. It lies on a tract given to the Connecticut Colony about 1715 by the Province of Massachusetts Bay as compensation for land mistakenly awarded by the latter to its settlers. In 1716, the town was auctioned to a consortium (which included William Dummer, lieutenant governor of Massachusetts), and named Dummerston. On December 26, 1753, the town was chartered as a New Hampshire grant and renamed Fulham by Governor Benning Wentworth. But when the grant was renegotiated, it reverted to Dummerston.[3]

The West River provided the area with water power. Dummerston had five gristmills, five sawmills, one slate manufacturer, and one shop for making rakes. Raising sheep across the many hills was an important occupation.[4] By 1859, the town had a population of 1,645. The Vermont Valley Railroad passed through Dummerston.[3]

A house built in Dummerston in 1892, Naulakha, was home to author Rudyard Kipling. This is where he wrote several of his novels, including The Jungle Books and Captains Courageous.[5]

There was a covered bridge that was built in 1812, and it moved to Old Sturbridge Village in 1946.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 30.8 square miles (79.8 km2), of which 30.6 square miles (79.2 km2) is land and 0.2 square mile (0.6 km2) (0.71%) is water. Dummerston is bounded by the Connecticut River, and the West River flows through the town.[6]

The town is crossed by Interstate 91, U. S. Route 5 and Vermont Route 30. It is bordered by Brattleboro to the south, Marlboro and Newfane to the west, with Putney and Brookline to the north. Chesterfield, New Hampshire lies across the Connecticut River from it.

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,915 people, 796 households, and 543 families residing in the town. The population density was 62.6 people per square mile (24.2/km2). There were 893 housing units at an average density of 29.2 per square mile (11.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.33% White, 0.05% African American, 0.63% Asian, 0.05% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.57% of the population.

There were 796 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.0% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were non-families. 25.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 31.1% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 101.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $46,121, and the median income for a family was $53,375. Males had a median income of $35,664 versus $26,174 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,742. About 1.1% of families and 2.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.7% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.

Politics and government

Dummerston, like many New England counties and localities, uses a board of selectmen as its executive body and Town Meeting for legislative functions. In 2014, it had five selectmen forming up its selectboard.[9] One of its most famous selectmen was Motel 6 spokesmodel and author Tom Bodett, who served on the selectboard as of 2013.[10]

Sites of interest

Built in 1872, the West Dummerston Covered Bridge has a floor length of 267 feet (81 m)

Dummerston has several interesting sites within its borders.

The longest covered bridge that is still in use in the state of Vermont is the West Dummerston Covered Bridge. Built in two spans which rest on a central pier, the bridge boasts a combined length of 267 feet along the floor. The gable ends overhang the floor at each end of the bridge by two feet; therefore, along the top of the trusses, the bridge is 271 feet long.[11]

Dummerston is home to the 1,009 acre Black Mountain Conservation Area*. Black Mountain rises abruptly from the West River into a horseshoe-shaped ridge. The mountain has a summit of 1,280 feet.[12]

Author Rudyard Kipling made Dummerston home, building a house that he named Naulakha. It was there that he wrote his famous story, The Jungle Book, and invented the sport of Snow Golf. Naulakha is now a museum available for overnight stays. The house is a National Historic Landmark.[13]

The Dummerston Grange periodically hosts the Vermont Theatre Company.[14]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  3. ^ a b Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts. pp. 792–795. 
  4. ^ New England Gazetteer of 1839Hayward's
  5. ^ Virtual Vermont -- Dummerston, Vermont
  6. ^ DeLorme (1996). Vermont Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-016-9
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2015. 
  9. ^ http://selectboard.dummerston.org/
  10. ^ Tom Bodett
  11. ^ West Dummerston Covered Bridge
  12. ^ Black Mountain Natural Area
  13. ^ Naulakha -- the Rudyard Kipling home
  14. ^ Dummerston Grange -- Vermont Theatre Company

External links

  • Town of Dummerston, Vermont
  • Lydia Taft Pratt Library
  • Black Mountain Conservation Area 2015 land acquisition
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