World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Cuitláhuac

Article Id: WHEBN0000007477
Reproduction Date:

Title: Cuitláhuac  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Cuauhtémoc, 1520, Moctezuma II, 1520s, Aztec
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Cuitláhuac

Cuitláhuac
10th Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan
Ruler of the Aztec Triple Alliance
Cuitláhuac in the Primeros Memoriales.
Reign 2 Flint
1520
Predecessor Moctezuma II
Successor Cuauhtémoc
Successor Ixhuetzcatocatzin (Alonso)
Wife
Issue Ixhuetzcatocatzin (Alonso)
Ana
Luisa
two others
Father Axayacatl
Mother A daughter of Cuitlahuac I
Died 2 Flint (1520)

Cuitláhuac (   ) (c. 1476 – 1520)[1] or Cuitláhuac (in Spanish orthography; in Nahuatl: cuitlāhuac,[2] honorific form Cuitlahuatzin) was the 10th tlatoani (ruler) of the Aztec city of Tenochtitlan for 80 days during the year Two Flint (1520).[3]

Cuitláhuac was the eleventh son of the ruler Axayacatl and a younger brother of Moctezuma II, the previous ruler of Tenochtitlan.[4] His mother's father, also called Cuitlahuac, had been ruler of Iztapalapa,[5] and the younger Cuitláhuac also ruled there initially.[6]

Cuitláhuac was made tlatoani of Tenochtitlan during the Spanish conquest of Mexico; After Pedro de Alvarado had ordered the massacre in the Main Temple, the Aztecs were very upset and started to fight and put a siege to the Spaniards. Hernán Cortés ordered Moctezuma to ask his people to stop fighting. Moctezuma told him that they would not listen to him and suggested Cortés free Cuitláhuac so that he could convince them to dispose of their arms and not fight anymore. Cortés then freed Cuitláhuac and once Cuitláhuac was free he led his people against the conquistadors. He succeeded and the Spaniards were driven out of Tenochtitlan on June 30, 1520. Cuitláhuac was ritually married to Moctezuma's eldest daughter, a ten- or eleven-year-old girl who later was called Isabel Moctezuma.[7]

After having ruled for just 80 days, Cuitláhuac died of smallpox[3] that had been introduced to the New World by the Europeans. His elder brother Matlatzincatzin, who had been cihuacoatl ("president"), resigned upon Cuitláhuac's death.[8] As soon as Cuitláhuac died, Cuauhtémoc was made the next tlatoani.[3]

The modern Mexican municipality of Cuitláhuac, Veracruz and the Mexico City Metro station Metro Cuitláhuac are named in honor of Cuitláhuac. The asteroid 2275 Cuitláhuac is also named after this ruler.

There is an Avenue in Mexico City Called Cuitláhuac (Eje 3 Norte) that runs from Avenue Insurgentes to Avenue Mexico-Tacuba and that is part of an inner ring; also many streets in other towns and villages in Mexico are so called.

Notes

  1. ^ For year of birth, see entry for "CUITLAHUAC", Dictionnaire de la langue nahuatl classique (Wimmer 2006).
  2. ^ Wimmer (2006).
  3. ^ a b c Chimalpahin (1997): pp. 56–57, 164–165, 216–217.
  4. ^ Chimalpahin (1997): pp. 148–151.
  5. ^ Chimalpahin (1997): pp. 42–43.
  6. ^ Chimalpahin (1997): pp. 50–51.
  7. ^ Chipman, Donald E. (2005). Moctezuma's Children: Aztec Royalty Under Spanish Rule, 1520–1700. Austin: University of Texas Press, pp. 40-41 ISBN 0-292-70628-6. OCLC 5713428
  8. ^ Probably from Chimalpahin (1997); broken reference.

References

Preceded by
?
Tlatoani of Itztapalapan Succeeded by
Ixhuetzcatocatzin
Preceded by
Moctezuma II
Tlatoani of Tenochtitlan
1520
Succeeded by
Cuauhtémoc
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.