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Crosby v. Nat’l Foreign Trade Council

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Title: Crosby v. Nat’l Foreign Trade Council  
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Subject: Federal preemption
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Crosby v. Nat’l Foreign Trade Council

Crosby v. National Foreign Trade Council
Supreme Court of the United States
Argued March 22, 2000
Decided June 19, 2000
Full case name Stephen P. Crosby, Secretary of Administration and Finance of Massachusetts, et al., Petitioners
National Foreign Trade Council
Citations 530 more)
120 S. Ct. 2288
The state Act is preempted, and its application unconstitutional, under the Supremacy Clause.
Court membership
Case opinions
Majority Souter, joined by Rehnquist, Stevens, O'Connor, Kennedy, Ginsburg, Breyer
Concurrence Scalia, joined by Thomas

Crosby v. National Foreign Trade Council, 530 U.S. 363 (2000),[1] was a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States used the preemption doctrine to strike down the Massachusetts Burma Law, a law that effectively prohibited Massachusetts' governmental agencies from buying goods and services from companies conducting business with Myanmar (Burma) — essentially, a secondary boycott. The Massachusetts Burma Law was modeled after similar legislation that had targeted the apartheid regime of South Africa.

The Court reasoned that the United States Congress had passed a law imposing sanctions on Myanmar, and that the Massachusetts law "undermine[d] the intended purpose and 'natural effect' of at least three provisions of the federal Act, that is, its delegation of effective discretion to the President to control economic sanctions against Burma, its limitation of sanctions solely to United States persons and new investment, and its directive to the President to proceed diplomatically in developing a comprehensive, multilateral strategy towards Burma."

See also

Further reading

External links

  • 530 U.S. 363 Full text of the opinion courtesy of
  • Summary of case from OYEZ

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