World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Constitution of Kyrgyzstan

 

Constitution of Kyrgyzstan

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Kyrgyzstan
Constitution
Legislative

The current constitution of Kyrgyzstan was passed by referendum on June 27, 2010,[1] replacing the previous constitution. It introduced a strong parliament to the country, reducing the power of the historically strong president. The constitution is similar in many ways to the previous one.

Contents

  • Passage 1
  • Impact 2
  • Outline 3
  • References 4

Passage

The referendum passed with 90% of the votes and 70% voter turnout, despite 400,000 people, mostly ethnic Uzbeks, having fled ethnic violence in the south of the country who had still not returned. This replaced the older constitution.

The constitution replaced the old immediately upon publication of the voting results, although according to the document, limited sections do not come into force until later.

Despite fears of illegitimacy due to the recent violence, there were no major reports of violence or fraud during the election. International monitor organizations such as the Bishkek, urging citizens to remain peaceful and keep the future of their country in mind.[2]

Support for the constitution was strong throughout the country and among all major ethnic groups, despite a relatively low voter turnout in the south of the country and some fears that a parliamentary system would be weaker than a single strong president.[3]

Prior to the drafting of the document, input was received from the Venice Commission, who later said they were pleased with the result.[4][5]

President Dmitriy Medvedev of Russia stated concerns that it would lead to instability and volatility, giving rise to extremism.[4]

Impact

The constitution legislated a shift in the countries politics away from a presidential system and toward a parliamentary system, reducing the power of the president. The last two presidents of Kyrgyzstan under the old system, Askar Akayev and Kurmanbek Bakiyev, were ousted in revolutions.

Under the new constitution, the president serves a single six-year term and cannot be re-elected.[3] Although the president is weaker in the new system than previously, the presidency is not a figurehead position as in many parliamentary systems. The president has veto power and the ability to appoint heads of state bodies.

The constitution limits any single political party to 65 of the parliament's 120 seats as an unusual way to limit power concentration. In addition, political parties may not be founded on ethnic or religious grounds, and members of the police, armed forces, and judiciary are prohibited from joining parties.[4]

The document gives significant mention to human rights in Kyrgyzstan, particularly section two. It declares men and women to be equal and prohibits discrimination in article 16. The rights of prisoners are outlined is article 20, including a ban on the death penalty and torture.

Outline

The constitution is split into nine sections comprising 114 separate articles. The sections, which are structured similarly to the old constitution are:

  1. Foundations of constitutional order
  2. The rights and freedoms of man and citizen
  3. President of Kyrgyzstan
  4. Legislative authority of the Kyrgyz Republic
  5. Executive powers of the Kyrgyz Republic
  6. Judicial powers of the Kyrgyz Republic
  7. Other government agencies
  8. Local self-government
  9. How to make changes in this constitution

In addition, there is a last section which details the implementation of the constitution, including date of effect, nullification of the previous constitution, and creation of the interim government.

References

Notes
  1. ^ "OSCE observers back Kyrgyzstan referendum" http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/10432243 BBC News. 28 Jun 2010. Retrieved 16 Jul 2010.
  2. ^ New Kyrgyz constitution approved. Al Jazeera. June 28th, 2010.
  3. ^ a b Kyrgyz voters endorse new constitution. Wall Street Journal. June 28, 2010.
  4. ^ a b c How strong is Kyrgyzstan's new Constitution? Radio Free Europe. July 2, 2010.
  5. ^ Venice Commission positively values new draft of Kyrgyz Constitution. The Free Library. June 7, 2010.
Sources
  • Full text in Kyrgyz on the government website here
  • Full text in Russian on the government website here
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.