World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Coat of arms of Alabama

Article Id: WHEBN0003365958
Reproduction Date:

Title: Coat of arms of Alabama  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Seals of governors of the U.S. states, Coats of arms of the U.S. states, Coats of arms with eagles, Coats of arms with fleurs de lis, Coats of arms with flags
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Coat of arms of Alabama

Coat of Arms of the State of Alabama
Versions
The coat of arms is often used in the form of a seal
Historical coat of arms (illustrated, 1876)
Details
Armiger State of Alabama
Adopted March 14, 1939
Crest A representation of the French colonial ship Badine facing to the sinister proper
Torse Argent and Gules
Escutcheon Three yellow Fleur-de-lis on a blue background, representing France in the upper left quarter, the royal standard of Castile and León in the upper right quarter, representing Spain, ten stars on a white-fimbriated blue saltire on a red background representing the Confederacy at lower right, the Union Jack representing the United Kingdom at lower left, and in the center an inescutcheon of thirteen red and white vertical stripes below a blue chief, representing the Union.
Supporters Two American eagles proper
Compartment None
Motto Audemus jura nostra defendere
(Latin:"We dare defend our rights")
Orders None
Other elements None

The coat of arms of Alabama depicts a shield upon which is carried the symbols of the five nations which have at various times held sovereignty over a part or the whole of what is now Alabama. These are the coat of arms of France, the ancient coat of arms of Crown of Castile for Spain (Castile quartering León), the Union Flag of the United Kingdom (which was not adopted until after Alabama's independence) and the battle flag of the Confederate States of America. On an escutcheon of pretence is borne the shield of the United States. The crest of the coat represents a ship (the "Badine") which brought the French colonists who established the first permanent European settlements in the state. Below is the state motto: Audemus jura nostra defendere, meaning "We dare defend our rights."

The bill to adopt a state coat of arms was introduced in the Alabama Legislature of 1939 by James Simpson, Jefferson County, and was passed without a dissenting vote by both houses.[1]

The original design of the Alabamian coat of arms was made in 1923 by B.J. Tieman, New York, an authority on heraldry, at the request of Marie Bankhead Owen, Director of the Department of Archives and History. A few years later Naomi Rabb Winston, Washington, DC, painted the completed design in oil. Mrs. Owen selected the motto which was put into Latin by Professor W.B. Saffold, of the University of Alabama. It was through the influence of Juliet Perry Dixon, wife of Governor Dixon, that official action was taken by the Legislature.[1]

British flag that would have flown in Alabama prior to American independence

The Union Flag depicted on the coat of arms, which represents the period of British rule in Alabama prior to the 1783 Treaty of Versailles, is not actually the flag used at that time. It dates to the 1801 formation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, whereas the preceding Kingdom of Great Britain held sovereignty over Alabama prior to the 1783 Treaty of Versailles.

Use

Besides being used by itself, the coat of arms is used on many governmental seals of the state, as well as the flag of the governor of Alabama.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Alabama Department of Archives and History". 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.