World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Charlestown State Park

Charlestown State Park
IUCN category V (protected landscape/seascape)
Map showing the location of Charlestown State Park
Map of the U.S. state of Indiana showing the location of Charlestown State Park
Location Clark County, Indiana, USA
Nearest city Charlestown, Indiana
Coordinates
Area 5,100 acres (20.6 km2)
Established October 12, 1996
Visitors 131,761 (in 2008-2009)
Governing body Indiana Department of Natural Resources
Entrance of Charlestown State Park

Charlestown State Park is an Indiana state park on 5,100 acres (20.64 km2) in Clark County, Indiana, in the United States. The park is on the banks of the Ohio River, 1 mile (2 km) east of Charlestown. It was once part of the Indiana Army Ammunition Plant (INAAP), and was donated in separate parcels to the Indiana state government. In 1993, the state of Indiana was given 859 acres (3.48 km2), and in 1994 was given an additional 1,125 acres (4.55 km2) . When the park opened in 1996, it encompassed 2,400 acres (9.7 km2). With an additional 2,600 acres (10.5 km2) given by the INAAP in 2004, the park has 5,100 acres (20.6 km2), making it the third largest state park in Indiana.[1] The park attracts 131,000 people a year.[2]

Contents

  • Features 1
  • Future plans 2
  • Gallery 3
  • References 4

Features

The main feature of the park is various scenic trails overlooking Fourteen Mile Creek, noted for being one of the oldest unglaciated stream valleys in the state. On the peninsula the creek forms where it meets the Ohio River stands an isolated bedrock ridge called the Devil's Backbone. According to legend, the Devil's Backbone forms part of the remains of an ancient stone fortress built by Welsh adventurers who traveled to the Ohio Valley in the 12th century, though the story is unsubstantiated. The park does not provide any access to this peninsula from its trails. At one time there was a footbridge across the creek used for accessing the Rose Island amusement park, but only concrete pilings remain on each side of the creek.

Devonian fossils and karst sinkholes can be found in the park, in addition to 72 species of birds, including bluebirds, black vultures and bald eagles.

The park is scheduled for $3 million in improvements, which were delayed in January 2006 when workers building a new boat ramp found a Native American cooking area dating back to 2,000 B.C. The remains of firepits and stone slabs that would be used to crack nuts were found, as well as Laurel chert, from which stone tools were made. only once the archaeological surveys were done could work on the improvements, including a five-lane boat ramp, and a riverfront walking trail, continue. In September, 2006 construction of the new boat ramps restarted.[3] The boat ramps opened in June 2007.

In September 2011, the historic Portersville Bridge was relocated and reconstructed to cross the creek and connect Rose Island for the first time.[4]

Future plans

There are still railroad tracks and private houses on the property, and the Indiana state government is still deciding what to do with them. Future developments confirmed by the state for the park include a swimming pool, access to Rose Island via a pedestrian bridge, more trails, improvements to the campground and cabins.[5]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ John Fleshman. "Old ammo plant cleaned up for new use".  
  2. ^ The News and Tribune - SMALL-TOWN GROWING SPURT: Charlestown deals with growing population
  3. ^ David Mann. "Boat ramp construction begins near Charlestown". The Evening News and The Tribune. Retrieved 2007-04-02. 
  4. ^ http://www.insideindianabusiness.com/newsitem.asp?ID=49956
  5. ^ State leaders sure Charlestown State Park will see improvements http://www.news-tribune.net/local/local_story_202011721.html
  • "Charlestown State Park". (Official Site)  
  • "Indiana Campgrounds Online". (Indiana Campground Database)  
  • ) for recreation"2"News Release - October 7, 1996: Charlestown State Park opens Oct. 12: New state park offers exciting vistas, 2,100 acres (8.5 km.  
  • "Statistics: Parks & Reservoirs Visitation".  
  • "Charlestown State Park, review of the trails". BackcampPack.com. Retrieved 2007-04-02. 
  •  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.