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Champoeg, Oregon

Champoeg, Oregon
Ghost town
Museum at the state heritage area
Museum at the state heritage area
Location near neighboring cities
Location near neighboring cities
Champoeg, Oregon is located in Oregon
Champoeg, Oregon
Location within the state of Oregon
Coordinates:
Country United States
State Oregon
County Marion
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97137
Area code(s) 503 and 971
Website http://www.champoeg.org/

Champoeg ( , historically [1]) is a former town in the U.S. state of Oregon. Now a ghost town, it was an important settlement in the Willamette Valley in the early 1840s. Located halfway between Oregon City and Salem, it was the site of the first provisional government of the Oregon Country.

The town site is on the south bank of the Willamette River in northern Marion County, approximately 5 mi (8 km) southeast of Newberg. The town is now part of Champoeg State Heritage Area, an Oregon state park. The Champoeg State Park Historic Archeological District is within the heritage area.

The name "Champoeg" comes from the Kalapuyan word [čʰámpuik], which might be an abbreviation of [čʰa-čʰíma-púičuk], referring to the edible root [púičuk], or yampa.[2]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Champoeg State Heritage Area 2
    • Archeological sites 2.1
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History

Champoeg is best known as the site of a series of meetings held in the town during the 1840s. On February 7, 1841, Willamette Valley settlers convened there for the first time. They selected Oregon missionary Jason Lee as their chairman and considered measures to deal with problem of wolves menacing their settlements. It was to be the first in a series of "Wolf meetings" at the town site that would establish the basis of civil codes.

By the middle 1840s, the question of the possession of the disputed Oregon Country between the organized in 1848, however, Champoeg was not chosen as the capital.

Around 1852 the town had grown to include a ferry across the Willamette, a warehouse owned by Francis Pettygrove and Alanson Beers, a steamboat landing, a granary owned by the Hudson's Bay Company, and a stagecoach office.[3] There were 10 north-south streets and six east-west streets laid out in the community. Champoeg was also the crossroads of the Champoeg-St. Paul Road, Champoeg-Salem Road, Champoeg-Oregon City Road, and the Champoeg-DeGuire’s Ferry Road.[3] Most of the town was located on the Donation Land Claims of Robert Newell and André Longtain.[3]

The 1901 monument in Champoeg marking the spot where the first American government on the Pacific Coast was organized.
A stake marks the former location of a street corner in Champoeg.

The town continued to exist after Oregon statehood. However, on December 2, 1861, the adjacent Willamette River rose 55 feet (17 m) above its normal summer stage, flooding the town with seven feet (2 m) of water. The great flood destroyed most of the structures in the town, barring two saloons. Panicked residents found shelter at the Newell House, which was built upon a hill. Robert Newell went nearly bankrupt in caring for the flood victims. Champoeg was never rebuilt after the disaster. The town site is now preserved as Champoeg State Heritage Area. A 1901 monument records the names of the 52 settlers who voted to establish the provisional government at the 1843 meeting. Dams installed since the 1930s make another catastrophic flood unlikely.

Champoeg State Heritage Area

Amenities of the heritage area include a visitor center, an 1860s-style garden, the Newell House MuseumRobert Newell's restored 1852 house – and the Pioneer Mothers Memorial Cabin Museum.[4]

Also located in the park is the Historic Butteville Store, which was founded in 1863. Considered the oldest operating store in Oregon, it is the last remaining commercial building of the nearby community of Butteville.[4] A series of weekend interpretive programs is available late June through Labor Day weekend, and the Champoeg Promise program provides an interactive living history program for schoolchildren.[4]

The site is open year-round and is available for camping (tent, yurt, cabin and RV), hiking, bicycling, bird watching, picnicking, fishing and boating.[4]

Archeological sites

Champoeg State Park Historic Archeological District
Nearest city St. Paul, Oregon
Built 1830
Governing body State
NRHP Reference # 84003038[5]
Added to NRHP August 01, 1984

The Champoeg State Heritage Area is the site of the Champoeg State Park Historic Archeological District, which was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984.[5][6] One of the important archeological finds at the site is the only mostly intact early homesite found so far on French Prairie.[7] The evidence suggests that this was Robert Newell's first homesite.[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ Horner, John B. (1919). Oregon: Her History, Her Great Men, Her Literature. The J.K. Gill Co.: Portland. p. 398.
  2. ^  
  3. ^ a b c Chapman, J. S. (1993). French prairie ceramics: the Harriet D. Munnick archaeological collection, circa 1820–1860: a catalog and Northwest comparative guide. Anthropology northwest, no. 8. Corvallis, Or: Dept. of Anthropology, Oregon State University.
  4. ^ a b c d "Champoeg State Heritage Area".  
  5. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  6. ^ "Oregon National Register List" (PDF).  
  7. ^ a b "Champoeg's buried treasure" (PDF). Progress Report ( 

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
  • Friends of Historic Champoeg
  • Champoeg, Oregon from ghosttowns.com
  • Uncovering the Past: Champoeg Park video about an archaeological study by Oregon State University (17½ minutes)
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